Common section


Primary Sources

Argus (Melbourne, Australia). Wednesday, 26 May 1852, 4.

Argus (Melbourne, Australia). “Shipping Intelligence.” Thursday, 27 May 1852, 4.

Argus (Melbourne, Australia). “To the Colonists of Victoria.” Tuesday, 10 April 1855, 7.

Ballina Beacon. “The Passing of a Pioneer: Mr. William Roberts.” Monday, 29 July 1935.

Ballina Chronicle. “Condition of the Poor.” Mayo, Ireland. Wednesday, 6 June 1849.

Bendigo Advertiser. Arabella Oliver, obituary. Tuesday, 3 September 1918.

Binks, Mary (Bridget Mulligan’s great-granddaughter). Bridget Mulligan family history.

Bowan, John C., Surgeon Superintendent. “Surgeon’s Report Cadet.” ADM 101/15, Archives of Tasmania, Reel 3191.

Buxton, Thomas Fowell. An Inquiry Whether Crime and Misery Are Produced or Prevented by Our Present System of Prison Discipline. London: John & Arthur Arch, 1818.

Chambers, William Manley. “Licensee—Sailor’s Return.” Archives of Tasmania, Hobart Town Gazette, 5 August 1850, 29 September 1850, 30 September 1851.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Rules and Regulations for Young Ladies.” Friday, 23 March 1827, 4.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). Friday, 4 March 1831, 4.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Female Factory—Nursing Infants.” Tuesday, 20 March 1838. 4.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). Friday, 30 March 1838, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Coroner’s Inquest: Inspection of the Female Factory.” Tuesday, 3 April 1838, 6.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Fatality of the Factory Nursery Repeated!” Tuesday, 29 May 1838, 4.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). Tuesday, 23 April 1839, 1.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Female Factory—The Flash Mob!” Tuesday, 10 March 1840, 4.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Hobart Town Police Report.” Tuesday, 12 May 1840, 7.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Meteorological Observations.” Tuesday, 10 August 1841, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Meteorological Observations.” Tuesday, 31 August 1841, 3.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Meteorological Observations.” Tuesday, 23 November 1841, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “The Factory.” Tuesday, 1 February 1842, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Meteorological Observations.” Tuesday, 8 February 1842, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Meteorological Observations.” Tuesday, 15 February 1842, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Meteorological Observations.” Tuesday, 1 March 1842, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Meteorological Observations.” Tuesday, 8 March 1842, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Meteorological Observations.” Tuesday, 22 March 1842, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Meteorological Observations.” Tuesday, 29 March 1842, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Calendar for the Ensuing Week.” Tuesday, 16 August 1842, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). Tuesday, 7 April 1846, 3.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). Friday, 25 September 1846, 4.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “The Irish in 1749 and 1847.” Friday, 26 November 1847, 3.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Abolition of Transportation—Free Institutions—Slanderous Despatches.” Tuesday, 25 December 1849, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). Friday, 23 May 1851, 3.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Demonstration and Jubilee.” Thursday, 4 August 1853, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Jubilee—10th August.” Saturday, 6 August 1853, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “The Jubilee.” Tuesday, 9 August 1853, 2.

Colonial Times (Hobart, Australia). “Great Demonstration—Jubilee—Cessation of Transportation.” Thursday, 11 August 1853, 2.

Conduct Record, Anastasia Eustes. Archives of Tasmania, CON 41/1/4, 51.

Conduct Record, Mary Grady. Archives of Tasmania, CON 40/1/4, 177.

Conduct Record, Janet Houston. Archives of Tasmania, CON 40/1/6, 9.

Conduct Record, Agnes McMillan. Archives of Tasmania, CON 40/1/8, 9.

Conduct Record, Bridget Mulligan. Archives of Tasmania, CON 41/1/30.

Conduct Record, Ann Price. Archives of Tasmania, CON 40/1/8, 141.

Conduct Record, Mary Rennicks. Archives of Tasmania, CON 41/1/30, 222.

Conduct Record, Ellen Scott. Archives of Tasmania, CON 40/1/9, 78.

Conduct Record, Ludlow Tedder. Archives of Tasmania, CON 40/1/10, 113.

Conduct Record, Amy Wilson. Archives of Tasmania, CON 40/1/10, 175.

Cullen, Phil (Agnes McMillan’s great-grandson-in-law). Agnes McMillan family history.

Darwin, Charles. A Naturalist’s Voyage: Journal of Researches into the Natural History and Geology of the Countries Visited during the Voyage of H.M.S. ‘Beagle’ Round the World. London: John Murray, 1889.

Description List: Mary Devereux. Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/13, 511.

Description List: Mary Grady. Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/13, 261.

Description List: Hannah Herbert. Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/13, 265.

Description List: Janet Houston. Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/14, 415.

Description List: Frances Hutchinson. Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/14, 17.

Description List: Agnes McMillan. Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/14, 438.

Description List: Eliza Morgan. Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/14, 235.

Description List: Bridget Mulligan. Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/9.

Description List: Ann Price. Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/13, 296.

Description List: Mary Rennicks, Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/9, 160.

Description List: William Roberts. Archives of Tasmania, CON 18/1/21, 76.

Description List: Eliza Smith. Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/12, 247.

Description List: Mary Sullivan, Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/13, 306.

Description List: John Wild. Archives of Tasmania, CON 18/1/30, 80.

Description List: Amy Wilson, Archives of Tasmania, CON 19/1/13, 321.

Ellis, James, Surgeon Superintendent. “Surgeon’s Report Westmoreland.” AJCP, ADM 101/74, Archives of Tasmania, Reel 3212.

Fry, Elizabeth. A Brief Memoir of Elizabeth Fry. Philadelphia: Association of Friends for the Diffusion of Religious and Useful Knowledge, 1858.

Fry, Elizabeth. Observations on the Visiting, Superintendence, and Government of Female Prisoners. London: John & Arthur Arch, 1827.

Guide to the Public Records of Tasmania: Colonial Secretary’s Office, Governor’s Office, Convict Department. Hobart, Australia: Tasmanian Historical Research Association, 1868.

Harvey, Abraham, 2nd Officer. “Reminiscences of the Voyage of the Garland Grove 2.” Archives of Tasmania, NS816.

Hobart Court of Petty Sessions May-November 1842. Tuesday, 21 June 1842, Archives of Tasmania, LC 247/1/11, 154.

Hobart Town Courier. “Rules and Regulations.” Saturday, 10 October 1829, 4.

Hobart Town Courier. Friday, 2 December 1836, 2; Friday, 9 December 1836, 2.

Hobart Town Courier. “Swallows.” Friday, 9 December 1836, 2.

Hobart Town Courier. “Trade and Shipping.” Friday, 9 December 1836, 3.

Hobart Town Courier. Friday, 23 December 1836, 2.

Hobart Town Courier. Friday, 30 December 1836, 2.

Hobart Town Courier. Friday, 6 January 1837, 2.

Hobart Town Courier. Friday, 13 January 1837, 2.

Hobart Town Courier. Friday, 14 September 1838, 2.

Hobart Town Courier. “Fashions for March.” Friday, 23 July 1841, 4.

Hobart Town Courier. Friday, 30 July 1841, 3.

Hobart Town Courier. “Despatches Relative to the System of Prison Discipline.” Friday, 16 February 1844, 4.

Hobart Town Courier and Van Diemen’s Land Gazette. Friday, 5 May 1843, 4.

Hocking, Geoff. Gold: A Pictorial History of the Australian Goldrush. Rowville, Australia: Five Mile Press, 2006.

Love, John, Surgeon Superintendent. “Surgeon’s Report Mellish.” ADM 101/53, Archives of Tasmania, Reel 3204.

Mackay, Samuel, Surgeon Superintendent. “General Remarks, Sick List, Waverly 1842.”

Maitland Mercury & Hunter River General Advertiser (New South Wales, Australia). “Discovery of an Extensive Gold Field.” Saturday, 17 May 1851, 4.

Mercury Supplement. “Expatriated: A Tale of the Early Days of the Colony.” Saturday, 5 June 1886, 28.

Millar, Andrew, Surgeon Superintendent. “Surgeon’s Remarks from HMS Anson on her Journey to Hobart 1843/4.”

Moody, John, Surgeon Superintendent. “Surgeon’s Report Blackfriar.” ADM 101/12, Archives of Tasmamia, Reel 3189.

National Archives of Ireland, Transportation of Female Convicts.

Price, John. Letter to Josiah Spode, Principal Superintendent of Convicts, March 19, 1841. Archives of Tasmania, Colonial Secretary’s Office 5/1/282/7406.

Proceedings of the Old Bailey Central Criminal Court, Sessions Paper. Held on Monday, 17 December 1838. Reference Number: t18381217-269.

Proceedings of the Old Bailey Central Criminal Court, Sessions Paper. Held on Monday, 17 December 1838. Reference Number: t18381217-300.

Proceedings of the Old Bailey Central Criminal Court, Sessions Paper. Held on Monday, 17 December 1838. Reference Number: t18381217-301.

Proceedings of the Old Bailey Central Criminal Court, Sessions Paper. Held on Monday, 17 December 1838. Reference Number: t18381217-330.

Proceedings of the Old Bailey Central Criminal Court, Sessions Paper. Held on Monday, 17 December 1838. Reference Number: t18381217-333.

Proceedings of the Old Bailey Central Criminal Court, Sessions Paper. Held on Monday, 17 December 1838. Reference Number: t18381217-350.

Proceedings of the Old Bailey Central Criminal Court, Sessions Paper. Held on Monday, 17 December 1838. Reference Number: t18381217-417.

Queen’s Asylum. Register of Children Admitted and Discharged from the Male and Female Orphan School, 1828-1863. SWD28, 13.

Report from the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Transportation. London: Henry Hooper, 1838.

Roberts, J. R., Surgeon Superintendent. “Journal of His Majesty’s Convict Ship Royal Admiral, between the 23rd day of February, 1842 and 14th day of October, 1842.” Transcription courtesy of Port Arthur Historic Site for Female Factory Research Group.

Scottish Record Office. High Court of Justiciary Processes. Reference JC26.

Scottish Record Office. Reference JC26/671.

Supplementary Conduct Record, Ellen Scott. Archives of Tasmania, CON 32/1/1, 309.

Tasmanian Bicentenary Rajah Quilt Project Curator’s Guide. Hobart, Australia: Female Factory Historic Site Board, 2004.

Tedder, Ludlow. Testimony before the Principal Superintendent. Tuesday, 14 June 1842. Archives of Tasmania, AC 480/1/1.

Thomson, David, Surgeon Superintendent. “Surgeon’s Journal of the Female Convict Ship New Grove between 24th November 1834 and 1st April 1835.”

Ticket of Leave, Ludlow Tedder, New South Wales and Tasmania, Australia, Convict Pardons 1834-1859.

Wilson, John, Surgeon Superintendent. “General Remarks, Surgeon’s Log, Female Convict Ship Emma Eugenia.”

Secondary Sources

Adamson, Archibald R. Rambles Round Kilmarnock. Bibliobazaar. First published in 1875.

Alexander, Alison. Obliged to Submit: Wives and Mistresses of Colonial Governors. Dynnyrne, Tasmania: Montpelier Press, 1999.

Aspin, Chris. The Woolen Industry. Buckinghamshire, UK: Shire Publications, 2000.

Ayrshire Roots Towns. “Ayr: The Burgh of Newton, The Parish of St Quivox, & Monktown with Prestwick.” Ayrshire Directory, 1837, by Pigot & Co.

Bardens, Dennis. Elizabeth Fry: Britain’s Second Lady on the Five-Pound Note. London: Chanadon Publications, 2004.

Bateson, Charles. The Convict Ships, 1787-1868. North Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1985.

Bentley, Nicolas. The Victorian Scene. London: G. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1968.

Bladen, Frank Murcot, ed. “Letter from a Female Convict, 29th March 1791.” Historical Records of New South Wales, Vol. 2. Sydney: Charles Potter, Government Printer, 1893.

Bogle, Michael. Convicts: Transportation to Australia. Sydney: Historic Houses Trust of New South Wales, 2008.

Bolger, Peter. Hobart Town. Canberra: Australian National University Press, 1973.

Boyce, James. Van Diemen’s Land. Melbourne, Australia: Black, 2009.

Brand, Ian. Sarah Island. Launceston, Australia: Regal Publications, 1984.

Brown, Joan C. Poverty Is Not a Crime: Social Services in Tasmania, 1803-1900. Hobart, Australia: Tasmanian Historical Research Association, 1972.

Brown, John. Excerpt from A Memoir of Robert Blincoe. 1828.

Bryant, Mary. A Long Way Home: The Life and Adventures of the Convict Mary Bryant. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 2005.

Cage, R. A., ed. The Working Class in Glasgow, 1750-1914. London: Croom Helm, 1987.

Cameron, Alasdair. “Popular Entertainment in Nineteenth Century Glasgow: Background and Context for the Waggle o’ the Kilt Exhibition.” A Companion to an Exhibition Drawn from the Scottish Theatre Archive and Featuring the Jimmy Logan Collection, Held in the Upper Hall, Hunterian Museum, 7th December 1992-20th February 1993.

Cameron, Mary, ed. A Guide to Flowers & Plants of Tasmania. Sydney: New Holland Publishers, 2002.

Casella, Eleanor Conlin. “To Watch or Restrain: Female Convict Prisons in 19th-Century Tasmania.” International Journal of Historical Archaeology, Vol. 5, No. 1 (2001), 45-72.

“Child Labour, Factory Workers: Robert Blincoe.”

“Child Labour, Samuel Davy.”

“Child Labour, Sarah Carpenter.”

Clacy, Ellen. A Lady’s Visit to the Gold Diggings of Australia in 1852 to 1853. Kessinger Publishing.

Clark, Anna. The Struggle for the Breeches: Gender and the Making of the British Working Class. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Clarke, Patricia, and Dale Spender, eds. Life Lines: Australian Women’s Letters and Diaries, 1788- 1840. North Sydney, Australia: Allen & Unwin, 1992.

Close, Rob. Ayrshire and Arran: An Illustrated Architectural Guide. Edinburgh: Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland, 1992.

“Convict Maid.” Australian Folk Songs, from Butterss & Webby, Penguin Book of Australian Ballads .

Cook, Thomas. The Exile’s Lamentations. North Sydney: Library of Australian History, 1978.

Corder, Susanna. Life of Elizabeth Fry: Compiled from Her Journal, as Edited by Her Daughters, and from Various Other Sources. Philadelphia: Henry Longstreth, 1853.

Cowley, Trudy Mae. A Drift of Derwent Ducks. Hobart, Australia: Research Tasmania, 2005.

Crooke, Robert. The Convict. Hobart, Australia: University of Tasmania Library, 1958.

Cunnington, C. Willett. English Women’s Clothing in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Dover Publications, 1990.

Cusack, Frank. Bendigo: A History. Kangaroo Flat, Australia: Bendigo Modern Press, 2006.

Daley, Louise Tiffany. Men and a River: Richmond River District, 1828-1895. Carlton, Australia: Melbourne University Press, 1968.

Damousi, Joy. Depraved and Disorderly: Female Convicts, Sexuality and Gender in Colonial Australia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Daniels, Kay. Convict Women. Sydney: Allen & Unwin, 1998.

Darwin, Ellen W. “Domestic Service.” Nineteenth Century, Vol. 39, No. 162 (August 1890), 286- 296.

Dawes, Frank. Not in Front of the Servants: A True Portrait of English Upstairs/Downstairs Life. New York: Taplinger Publishing, 1973.

Devine, T. M. The Scottish Nation. New York: Viking Press, 1999.

Dickens, Charles. Sketches by Boz. London: Everyone’s Library, 1968.

Dillon, Margaret C. “Convict Labour and Colonial Society in the Campbell Town Police District: 1820-1839.” Unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Tasmania, 2008.

Donaldson, Gordon. Mackie’s Short History of Scotland. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1962.

Dore, Gustave, and Blanchard Jerrold. London: A Pilgrimage. London: Grant, 1872.

Dixson, Miriam. The Real Matilda. Middlesex, UK: Penguin Books, 1976.

Dreen, Edith. Great Women of the Christian Faith. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1959.

Duckworth, Jeannie. Fagin’s Children: Criminal Children in Victorian England. London: Hambledon & London, 2002.

Duffield, Ian, and James Bradley. Representing Convicts: New Perspectives on Convict Forced Labour Migration. London: Leicester University Press, 1997.

Eisler, Benita, ed. The Lowell Offering: Writings by New England Mill Women (1840-1845). New York: Harper Colophon Books, 1977.

Emsley, Clive. Crime and Society in England, 1750-1900. Harlow, UK: Pearson Education, 2005.

Evans, L., and P. Nicholls. Convicts & Colonial Society, 1788-1853. North Melbourne, Australia: Cassell Australia, 1976.

Female Factory Research Group. Convict Lives: Women at Cascades Female Factory. Hobart, Australia: Research Tasmania, 2009.

Female Factory Research Group. “Infant Deaths at Hobart Nurseries.”

Ferguson, William. Scotland: 1689 to the Present. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1968.

Field, Michele, and Timothy Millett, eds. Convict Love Tokens. Kent Town, Australia: Wakefield Press, 1998.

Fielden, Samuel. Excerpt from Autobiography of Samuel Fielden. 1887.

Fisher, Vera. Oatlands Heritage Walk One. Municipality of Oatlands.

Fitzpatrick, Kathleen. Sir John Franklin in Tasmania, 1837-1843. Melbourne, Australia: Melbourne University Press, 1949.

Flanders, Judith. Inside the Victorian Home. New York: W. W. Norton, 2006.

Fraser, W. Hamish, and Irene Maver, eds. Glasgow Volume II: 1830 to 1912. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1996.

Fraser, W. Hamish, and R. J. Morris. People and Society in Scotland. Edinburgh: John Donald, 2000.

Frost, Lucy. A Face in the Glass: The Journal and Life of Annie Baxter Dawbin. Port Melbourne, Australia: William Heinemann Australia, 1992.

Frost, Lucy, and Hamish Maxwell-Stewart. Chain Letters: Narrating Convict Lives. Carlton South, Australia: Melbourne University Press, 2001.

Fuchs, Rachel G. Gender and Poverty in Nineteenth-Century Europe. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Galbi, Douglas A. “Through Eyes in the Storm: Aspects of the Personal History of Women Workers in the Industrial Revolution,” prepublication draft, Social History, Vol. 21, No. 2 (May 1996), 142-159.

Game, Cathryn, ed. We Swear by the Southern Cross: Investigations of Eureka and Its Legacy to Australia’s Democracy. Carlton South, Australia: Curriculum Corporation, 2004.

“Glasgow Broadside Ballads: Cheap Print and Popular Song Culture in Nineteenth-Century Scotland.” Special Collections Department, Library, University of Glasgow, Scotland.

Glover, Janet R. The Story of Scotland. New York: Roy Publishers, 1960.

Gold, Geoffrey. Eureka: Rebellion beneath the Southern Cross. Adelaide, Australia: Rigby, 1977.

Goodrick, Joan. Life in Old Van Diemens Land. Adelaide, Australia: Rigby, 1977.

The Green Guide to Scotland. Watford, Herts, UK: Michelin Travel Publications, 2000.

Griffiths, Arthur. The Chronicles of Newgate. New York: Dorset Press, 1987.

Grocott, Allan M. Convicts, Clergymen and Churches: Attitudes of Convicts and Ex-Convicts towards the Churches and Clergy in New South Wales from 1788 to 1851. Sydney: Sydney University Press, 1980.

Gurnhill, Anna. “Oatlands Supreme Court House and Collections Access and Interpretation Plan.” People and Place, Vol. 2 (March 2007), 3. Court_House_Interps_Plan_Volume_2.pdf.

Halliday, Stephen. Newgate: London’s Prototype of Hell. Stroud, UK: Sutton Publishing, 2007.

Hanson, Harry. The Coaching Life: The Heyday of the Stagecoach in Britain. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 1984.

Harvey, W. London Scenes and London People. London: W. H. Collingridge, City Press, 1863.

Hatton, Jean. Betsy: The Dramatic Biography of Prison Reformer Elizabeth Fry. Oxford, UK: Monarch Books, 2005.

Henderson, W. O., and W. H. Chaloner, eds. The Condition of the Working Class in England. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1958.

Hendriksen, Gay, Dr. Carol Liston, and Dr. Trudy Cowley. Women Transported: Life in Australia’s Convict Female Factories. Parramatta, Australia: Parramatta Heritage Centre, 2008.

Hibbert, Christopher. Queen Victoria: A Personal History. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press, 2000.

Hindmarsh, Bruce. “Beer and Fighting: Some Aspects of Male Convict Leisure in Rural Van Diemen’s Land, 1820-40.” Journal of Australian Studies, Vol. 63 (1 December 1999), 150-156, 203-205.

Howard, Patrick. To Hell or to Hobart. Kenthurst, Australia: Kangaroo Press, 1993.

Hughes, Robert. The Fatal Shore. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1987.

Hyland, Jeanette E. Maids, Masters and Magistrates. Blackmans Bay, Australia: Clan Hogarth Publishing, 2007.

Irvine, Nance, ed. Dear Cousin: The Reibey Letters. Sydney: Hale & Iremonger, 1992.

Johnson, Laurel. Women of Eureka. Ballarat, Australia: Historic Montrose Cottage and Eureka Museum, 1995.

Johnston, Thomas. The History of the Working Classes of Scotland. Yorkshire, UK: EP Publishing, 1974.

Kalman, Bobbie. Victorian Christmas. New York: Crabtree Publishing, 1997.

Kent, David. “Decorative Bodies: The Significance of Convicts’ Tattoos.” Journal of Australian Studies, No. 53 (1 June 1997), 78-85.

Kent, John. Elizabeth Fry. London: B. T. Batsford, 1962.

“Kilmarnock with the villages of Riccarton and Kilmaurs Ayrshire.” Directory, 1837, by Pigot & Co.

Kippen, Rebecca. “‘And the Mortality Frightful’: Infant and Child Mortality in the Convict Nurseries of Van Diemen’s Land.” Paper for Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, 2005.

Lennox, Lord William Pitt. Coaching, with Anecdotes of the Road. London: Hurst & Blackett, Publishers, 1876.

Lewis, Frank. “The Cost of Convict Transportation: Britain to Australia, 1796-1810.” Economic History Review, Series 2, Vol. 41, No. 4 (1988), 507-524.

Lewis, Georgina King. Elizabeth Fry. London: Headley Brothers, 1912.

Linklater, Eric. The Survival of Scotland. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1968.

Linton, Eliza Lynn. “On the Side of the Maids.” Cornhill Magazine, Vol. 29, No. 171 (1874), 298-307.

Long, J. C. George III: The Story of a Complex Man. New York: Little, Brown, 1960.

Low, Donald A. The Regency Underworld. Stroud, UK: Sutton Publishing, 2005.

MacGibbon, John. Going Abroad. Wellington, New Zealand: Ngaio Press, 1997.

Mackaness, George, ed. The History of Van Diemen’s Land. Sydney: Horwitz-Grahame, 1965.

Mackaness, George. Some Private Correspondence of Sir John and Lady Jane Franklin (Tasmania, 1837-1845), Part I. Sydney: D. S. Ford Printers, 1947.

Mackaness, George, Some Private Correspondence of Sir John and Lady Jane Franklin (Tasmania, 1837-1845), Part II. Sydney: D. S. Ford Printers, 1947.

Mackay, George. History of Bendigo. Bendigo, Australia: Lerk & McClure, 2000.

Manwaring, Glenda. At the Crossroads: The History of the Wilsons Ridges/Wollongbar/Alphadale Cemetery and St. Pauls Church. Daisy Hill, Australia: Glenda Manwaring, 1996.

May, Allyson N. The Bar and the Old Bailey, 1750-1850. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Mayhew, Henry. London Labour and the London Poor. London, England: Penguin Books, 1985.

Mayhew, Henry, and Others. The London Underworld in the Victorian Period: Authentic First-Person Accounts by Beggars, Thieves and Prostitutes. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, 2005.

Mayhew, Henry, with William S. Gilbert. London Characters: Illustrations of the Humour, Pathos, and Peculiarities. London: Chatto & Windus, 1881.

McCrone, David, Stephen Kendrick, and Pat Straw, eds. The Making of Scotland: Nation, Culture & Social Change. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1989.

McGoogan, Ken. Lady Franklin’s Revenge. London: Bantam Books, 2007.

Melville, Henry. The History of Van Diemen’s Land. Sydney: Horwitz-Grahame, 1965.

Memoir of the Life of Elizabeth Fry, with Extracts from her Journal and Letters, Edited by Two of Her Daughters, Vol. I. Philadelphia: J. W. Moore, 1847.

Miller, Linus W. Notes of an Exile to Van Diemen’s Land. New York: Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1968. First published in 1846.

Mitchell, Sally. Daily Life in Victorian England. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.

Mitchell, Sally, ed. Victorian Britain: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publishing, 1988.

M’Kay, Archibald. The History of Kilmarnock. BiblioLife. First published in 1848.

Molesworth, Sir William. Report from the Select Committee of the House of Commons on Transportation; Together with a Letter from the Archbishop of Dublin on the Same Subject, and Notes by Sir William Molesworth, Bart., Chairman of the Committee 1838. Adelaide: Libraries Board of South Australia, 1967.

Mullins, Marcia, ed., Town and Country Journal on the Richmond. Lismore, Australia: Richmond River Historical Society, 2001.

Mundy, Lt. Colonel Godfrey Charles. Our Antipodes: or, Residence and Rambles in the Australasian Colonies, with a Glimpse of the Goldfields. London: Richard Bentley, 1855.

Murphy, Theresa. The Old Bailey: Eight Centuries of Crime, Cruelty and Corruption. Edinburgh: Mainstream Publishing, 2003.

Murray, Venetia. An Elegant Madness: High Society in Regency England. New York: Viking Press, 1999.

Nead, Lynda. Myths of Sexuality: Representations of Women in Victorian Britain. Oxford, UK: Basil Blackwell, 1988.

Nicholas, Stephen. Convict Workers. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1988.

O’Donnell, Bernard. The Old Bailey and Its Trials. London: Clerke & Cockeran Publishers, 1950.

O’Farrell, Patrick. The Irish in Australia. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1989.

The Old Bailey Online: The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674-1913, “History of the Old Bailey Courthouse.”

The Old Bailey Online: The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674-1913, “Punishments at the Old Bailey.”

The Old Bailey Online: The Proceedings of the Old Bailey, 1674-1913, “Trial Procedures: How Trials Were Conducted at the Old Bailey.”

O’Neill, Judith. Transported to Van Diemen’s Land. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1977.

Oxley, Deborah. Convict Maids. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Paterson, Michael. Voices from Dickens’ London. Cincinnati, OH: David & Charles, 2007.

Pearn, John Hemsley. In the Capacity of a Surgeon: A Biography of Walter Scott, Surgeon and Australian Colonist, and First Civilian of Queensland. Brisbane, Australia: University of Queensland, 1988.

Petrow, Stefan. “Policing in a Penal Colony: Governor Arthur’s Police System in Van Diemen’s Land, 1826-1836.” Law and History Review, Vol. 18, No. 2, 351-395, 2000.

Picard, Liza. Victorian London: The Tale of a City, 1840-1870. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2005.

Pinchbeck, Ivy. Women Workers and the Industrial Revolution, 1750-1850. New York: F. S. Crofts, 1930.

Poirteir, Cathal, ed. The Great Irish Famine. Dublin: Mercier Press, 1995.

Pool, Daniel. What Jane Austen Ate and Charles Dickens Knew. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993.

Pridmore, Walter B. Van Diemen’s Land to Tasmania, 1642-1856. China: Everbest, 2008.

Priestley, Philip. Victorian Prison Lives. London: Methuen, 1985.

Purtscher, Joyce. Children in Queen’s Orphanage Hobart Town, 1828-1863. New Town, Australia: Irene Schaffer, 1993.

Purtscher, Joyce. “Queen’s Orphanage Hobart Town, 1828-1879.” Paper presented to Female Factory Research Group, November 2007.

Rae, Janet. The Quilts of the British Isles. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1987.

Rayner, Tony. Female Factory, Female Convicts. Dover, Australia: Esperance Press, 2004.

Reakes, Janet. How to Trace Your Convict Ancestors. Sydney: Hale & Iremonger, 1987.

Reece, Bob, ed. Irish Convict Lives. Darlinghurst, Australia: Crossing Press, 1993.

Reece, Bob. Irish Convicts. Dublin: University College, 1989.

Rees, Sian. The Floating Brothel. New York: Hyperion Press, 2002.

Reid, Kirsty. Gender, Crime and Empire: Convicts, Settlers and the State in Early Colonial Australia. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press, 2007.

Render, William H. Through Prison Bars: The Lives and Labours of John Howard & Elizabeth Fry. London: S. W. Partridge, 1894.

Richmond Primary School website, Department of Education, Tasmania.

Robinson, Portia. The Women of Botany Bay. Victoria, Australia: Penguin Books Australia, 1988.

Robson, L. L. The Convict Settlers of Australia. Carlton, Australia: Melbourne University Press, 1965.

Rolfe, Margaret. Australian Quilt Heritage. Rushcutters Bay, Australia: J. B. Fairfax Press, 1998.

Ronan, Malcolm. Up and Down the River: The Butlers from Benenden. Melbourne, Australia: Macron Publishing, 1998.

Russell, Penny. “‘Her Excellency’: Lady Franklin, Female Convicts and the Problem of Authority in Van Diemen’s Land.” Journal of Australian Studies (1 June 1997).

Ryan, Lyndall. “Abduction and Multiple Killings of Aborigines in Tasmania: 1804-1835.” Visiting Fellow, Genocide Studies Program, Yale University, and Honorary Conjoint Professor School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Education & Arts, University of New-castle Ourimbah Campus, New South Wales, Australia.

Selby-Bigge, L. A., ed. British Moralists: Being Selections from Writers Principally of the Eighteenth Century, Volume I. New York: Dover Publications, 1965.

Selden, Bernice. The Mill Girls. New York: Atheneum Books, 1983.

Shaw, A. G. L. Convicts and the Colonies: A Study of Penal Transportation from Great Britain and Ireland to Australia and Other Parts of the British Empire. Dublin: The Irish Historical Press, 1998.

Shore, Heather. Artful Dodgers: Youth and Crime in Early 19th-Century London. Woodbridge, UK: Boydell Press, 1999.

Smith, Coultman. Shadow over Tasmania. Hobart, Australia: J. Walch & Sons, 1941.

South Ayrshire Council. “County Buildings.”

Summers, Anne. Damned Whores and God’s Police. Victoria, Australia: Penguin Books, 1975.

Tardif, Phillip. Notorious Strumpets and Dangerous Girls. North Ryde, Australia: Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990.

Tatlow, Michael, Charles Wooley, and Peter Mercer. A Tour of Old Tasmania. Battery Point, Tasmania: Walk Guides Australia, 2008.

Thomas, Donald. The Victorian Underworld. New York: New York University Press, 1998.

Thompson, E. P. The Making of the English Working Class. New York: Vintage Books, 1966.

Timpson, Thomas. Memoirs of Mrs. Elizabeth Fry. Elibron Classics. First published in 1847.

Vallone, Lynne. Becoming Victoria. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001.

Villiers, Alan. Vanished Fleets. Oxford, UK: Scribner’s, 1974.

Von Stieglitz, K. R. A History of Oatlands and Jericho. Launceston, Australia: Telegraph Printery, 1960.

Weeding, J. S. A History of Oatlands. New Norfolk, Australia: Derwent Printery, 1988.

West, John. The History of Tasmania. London: Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1971. First published in 1852.

Whitlock, Gillian, and Gail Reekie, eds. Uncertain Beginnings. St. Lucia, Australia: University of Queensland Press, 1993.

Whitney, Janet. Elizabeth Fry. London: Guild Books, 1947.

Williams, Brad, Heritage Project Officer, Southern Midlands Council. Oatlands Gaol Conservation Management Plan 2006. files/Oatlands_Gaol_CMP_compressed.pdf.

Williams, John. “Irish Female Convicts and Tasmania.” Labour History, No. 44 (May 1993), 1-17.

Williams, John. Ordered to the Island. Darlinghurst, Australia: Crossing Press, 1994.

Williamson, Kristin. Women on the Rocks. Lucia, Australia: University of Queensland Press, 2003.

Wilson, A. N. The Victorians. New York: W. W. Norton, 2003.

Windschuttle, Elizabeth, ed. Women, Class, and History. Melbourne, Australia: Fontana Books, 1980.

Woodward, Frances J. Portrait of Jane: A Life of Lady Franklin. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1951.

Woodward, Nicholas. “Transportation Convictions during the Great Irish Famine.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 37, No. 1 (Summer 2006), 59-87.

Wooley, Charles, and Michael Tatlow. A Walk in Old Hobart. Battery Point, Tasmania: Walk Guides Australia, 2007.

Wooley, Charles, and Michael Tatlow. A Walk in Old Launceston. Battery Point, Tasmania: Walk Guides Australia, 2007.

Yancey, Diane. Life in Charles Dickens’s England. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books, 1999.

If you find an error please notify us in the comments. Thank you!