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Appendix I

Isaac Newton and the Year 2060

In 2003, a remarkable confirmation of the dates calculated in Chapter 17 was made public from the unpublished writings of Isaac Newton. This occurred during a project at Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia, for placing all Newton’s writings on the Internet, and consequently I wish to add a short explanation as to how and why the data in question should have such confirmatory value in this connection. In chapter 17, two dates for the end of the Dark Age were arrived at, these being 2082 and 2087. It would be 2082 on the basis that the cycle of the four Yugas contained four Platonic Years, corresponding to the four unequal Yugas, and that consequently the Dark Age or Kali-Yuga itself contained four one-tenth Platonic years of 1,296 calendar years, totalling 5184 years.

The new kind of civilization based on scientific knowledge began around 1600, an age of a kind which had no precedent in the world-cycle hitherto. According to the theory, this unique age, whatever its exact length, spans the final one-tenth of the Dark Age. This showed independently that the date 2082 was definitely in the right order of magnitude. The other date of 2087 was derived from the calendric arithmetic of the Mayas.

At the time when that was written, I was not aware of any other chronology which gave an end-date for the present universal era which came anywhere near 2082/2087, but in 2003, Stephen Snobelen, the director of the research into Newton’s papers, issued a Statement on the Date 2060, in which it was shown that Newton had reckoned the year 2060 as the one which would see ‘the beginning of the Apocalypse,’ even if not necessarily the ‘end of the world’ as usually understood. In this document, it is said that ‘Newton looked askance at date setting,’ and for this reason he rarely wrote out the date for the end of a time-period once he had settled the date of commencement. There is said to be a small number of exceptions to this, however, and the date 2060, found twice in the Yahuda MSS at Jerusalem, is one of them.

The date 2060 is also significant because in addition to the rarity of end-dates in Newton’s writings, the calculation giving 2060 comes from a late period in his life, and is ‘asserted with uncharacteristic vigor’ (Snobelen, ibid.). The basis of his conclusion is to be found in the Book of Revelation, where it refers to periods of 1,260, 1,290, 1,335, and 2,300 ‘days’. Using the ‘year-for-a-day’ principle, Newton took these to be periods of years. Of these four, the one taken to be the most important was 1,260. This length of time, said to be in days, is stated five times in chapters 11, 12, and 13 of the Book of Revelation, although not always directly. In chapter 11, verse 3, it is given explicitly as ‘one thousand, two hundred and sixty days,’ and it is given in the same way in verse 6.

In chapter 11, verse 2 it is given as ‘forty-two months’, the month being taken as 30 days, so that 42 x 30 = 1,260. In chapter 12, verse 14, this period is referred to as ‘a time, times, and half a time’, which is also the form in which this period is referred to in the Book of Daniel (see Daniel 7:25 and 12:7). If ‘a time’ is a year of 360 days, and ‘times’ means two such years, and ‘half a time’ means 180 days, this would total to 1,260 days. The fifth example is in chapter 13, verse 5, where it is again referred to as ‘forty-two months’. These, then, are in chapter 11, verses 2 and 3; chapter 12, verses 6 and 14; and chapter 13, verse 5.

In connection with the above, Snobelen quotes Newton’s writings as follows:

So then the time times & half a time are 42 months or 1,260 days or three years & a half, recconing twelve months to a yeare and 30 days to a month as was done in the Calendar of the primitive year. And the days of short lived Beasts being put for the years of lived [sic] kingdoms, the period of 1,260 days, if dated from the complete conquest of the three kings ac 800, will end ac 2060. It may end later, but I see no reason for its ending sooner. This I mention not to assert when the time of the end shall be, but to put a stop to the rash conjectures of fancifull men who are frequently predicting the time of the end, and by doing so bring the sacred prophesies into discredit as often as their predictions fail. Christ comes as a thief in the night, and it is not for us to know the times & seasons wch God hath put into his own breast.

If we add 1260 years to the date ad 800, we shall get the date 2060, and 800 is the date Newton refers to elsewhere as the beginning of ‘the Pope’s supremacy’, by which he meant political supremacy. This year was certainly a very important one for Western Christendom, since it was the year in which Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as Emperor, so restoring the Empire in the West under the hegemony of the Papacy. Equally important, this was the time at which the forged ‘Donation of Constantine’ was made public, following which it was believed to be genuine by nearly everyone for the next seven hundred years. It was not exposed until the fifteenth century by Lorenzo Valla, whose book on the subject was published in 1517.

According to the Donation, Constantine had conferred on Pope St. Sylvester I and all his successors supreme political power, i.e., temporal dominion over most of Europe, in addition to his spiritual authority. Accordingly, it was believed that the Pope ruled in the manner of a monarch, so that from then onwards religion was combined with a system of government. St. Thomas Aquinas believed the Donation to be genuine, as also did Dante who deplored it, with the result that it has left its imprint on Catholic doctrine concerning the Church.

For Protestants like Newton, this invalidated all the claims of the Catholic Church, spiritual as much as temporal, and so he accordingly assimilated the history of the Church after 800 to the time during which Jerusalem would be ‘trampled underfoot by the gentiles’ (Rev. 11:2). Whether they are Catholic or Protestant, the connection between religion and political power must create a serious problem for people today, and not just for Protestants, because religion and politics have been clearly separated in recent centuries.

To this day, the form taken by the Catholic Church is affected by the once long-standing belief in the Donation. The problem is made worse for Protestants, because their beliefs give little scope to the Catholic conception that God is able to bring grace to mankind through individuals who may be far from perfect in themselves. This objection is natural in a way, but it tends to a position where one could not accept anything that was not done by God in person.

According to Newton, Christ would return and create a thousand-year kingdom on earth, after the fall of this present era of politically-corrupted religion, which means that what he foresaw was not the end of the world in an absolute sense, but a new beginning. This was to follow the cataclysmic period of Armageddon and Gog and Magog.

The probable connection between the date 2060 and the dates 2082 and 2087 can now be made clearer if one considers that the period of time to which the Book of Revelation relates may be historically quite a short one, of about twenty years. In that case, the end of this age would occur shortly after 2080, given that the beginning of the Apocalypse is in 2060.

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