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The American Revolution: A History

The American Revolution: A History

When Abraham Lincoln sought to define the significance of the United States, he naturally looked back to the American Revolution. He knew that the Revolution not only had legally created the United States, but also had produced all of the great hopes and values of the American people. Our noblest ideals and aspirations-our commitments to freedom, constitutionalism, the well-being of ordinary people, and equality-came out of the Revolutionary era. Lincoln saw as well that the Revolution had convinced Americans that they were a special people with a special destiny to lead the world toward liberty. The Revolution, in short, gave birth to whatever sense of nationhood and national purpose Americans have had.

No doubt the story is a dramatic one: Thirteen insignificant colonies three thousand miles from the centers of Western civilization fought off British rule to become, in fewer than three decades, a huge, sprawling, rambunctious republic of nearly four million citizens. But the history of the American Revolution, like the history of the nation as a whole, ought not to be viewed simply as a story of right and wrong from which moral lessons are to be drawn. It is a complicated and at times ironic story that needs to be explained and understood, not blindly celebrated or condemned. How did this great revolution come about? What was its character? What were its consequences? These are the questions this short history seeks to answer. That it succeeds in such a profound and enthralling way is a tribute to Gordon Wood’s mastery of his subject, and of the historian’s craft.


Maps - Preface

Part I - Origins

The Growth and Movement of Population

Economic Expansion

Reform of the British Empire

Part II - American Resistance

British Reaction

Deepening of the Crisis

The Imperial Debate

Part III - Revolution

The Approach to Independence

The Declaration of Independence

An Asylum for Liberty

Part IV - Constitution-Making and War

The State Constitutions

The Articles of Confederation

The War for Independence

Part V - Republicanism

The Need for Virtue

The Rising Glory of America


A New World Order

Part VI - Republican Society

Effects of the War

Effects of the Revolution

Republican Reforms


Republican Religion

Part VII - The Federal Constitution

The Critical Period

The Philadelphia Convention

The Federalist–Anti-Federalist Debate

Bibliographic Note