Acronyms

ANP

Awami National Party, the Pathan nationalist party led the Wali Khan dynasty.

ASI

Assistant Sub-Inspector; a junior police officer.

BJP

Bharatiya Janata Party (India).

COAS

Chief of Army Staff.

DCO

District Coordinating Officer (formerly District Commis sioner), the official in charge of the administration of a district.

DIG

Deputy Inspector-General (of police), usually the rank of the officer commanding the police of a district.

FATA

Federally Administered Tribal Areas, the indirectly admin istered Tribal Agencies along the border with Afghanistan.

FCR

Frontier Crimes Regulations.

FIR

First Information Report.

FSF

Federal Security Force.

IB

Intelligence Bureau, the intelligence wing of the Federal Interior Ministry.

IDP

Internally Displaced Person.

IG

Inspector-General (of police), usually commanding the police of a province.

IJI

Islami Jamhoori Ittehad, an alliance of conservative parties put together in September 1988 to oppose the Pakistan People’s Party of Benazir Bhutto.

ISI

Inter-Services Intelligence, the intelligence wing of the armed forces.

JeM

Jaish-e-Mohammed.

JI

Jamaat Islami, Islamist movement founded by Maududi.

JuD

Jamaat-ud-Dawa, the social, educational and charitable wing of Lashkar-e-Taiba (see below)

JUH

Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Hind.

JUI

Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Islam, mainstream Islamist movement based in the Pathan areas.

LeJ

Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, anti-Shia Sunni militant group, an offshoot of Sipah-e-Sahaba.

LeT

Lashkar-e-Taiba, militant group focused on jihad against India.

MI

Military Intelligence, the service responsible for counter intelligence and internal security in the armed forces.

MMA

Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, alliance of Islamist political parties.

MNA

Member of the National Assembly.

MPA

Member of a Provincial Assembly.

MQM

Muttahida Qaumi Movement or United People’s Move ment (formerly Mohajir Qaumi Movement), the party of the Urdu-speaking Mohajirs of Sindh.

NWFP

The North West Frontier Province, since 2010 renamed Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

PML

Pakistan Muslim League.

PML(N)

Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz), the party led by the Sharif dynasty.

PML(Q)

Pakistan Muslim League (Qaid-e-Azam), a political alli ance mainly made up of defectors from the PML(N) of the Sharifs, and put together in 2002 to support the administration of President Musharraf.

PPP

Pakistan People’s Party, led by the Bhutto – Zardari dynasty.

RAW

Research and Analysis Wing (Indian intelligence agency).

SHO

Station House Officer, the commander of a local police station.

SSP

Sipah-e-Sahaba, Pakistan, anti-Shia militant group.

TeI

Tehriq-e-Insaf, party founded and led by Imran Khan Niazi.

TNSM

Tehriq-e-Nifaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammedi, Islamist mili tant movement in Swat, since 2008 allied with the Pakistani Taleban.

TTP

Tehriq-e-Taleban Pakistan.

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