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India: An Archaeological History: Palaeolithic Beginnings to Early Historic Foundations

India: An Archaeological History: Palaeolithic Beginnings to Early Historic Foundations

An increased pace in archaeological research in recent decades has yielded a construction of the history of prehistoric and early historic India primarily in terms of archaeology. India's grassroots archaeological history in all its continuities and diversities from its Palaeolithic beginnings to AD 300 when early historic India assumed its basic form. Reconstructs the historical development of human-natural resource interaction in the subcontinent in a lucid style with maps, illustrations, and tables. This second edition contains a new afterword, which discusses all new ideas and discoveries in Indian Archaeology between 1998 and 2008. Would be indispensable for students and specialists of archaeology and early South Asian history.

I. Introduction

Chapter 1. ANCIENT INDIA: THE IMPORTANCE OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL EVIDENCE

Chapter 2. THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN THE SUBCONTINENT

Chapter 3. AIMS AND STRUCTURE

Chapter 4. THE LAND MASS

Chapter 5. PEOPLES AND LANGUAGES: THE BASIC CLASSIFICATORY FRAMEWORKS

II. The Palaeolithic Context

Chapter 6. RESEARCH BACKGROUND

Chapter 7. SKELETAL EVIDENCE

Chapter 8. THE EARLIEST DATES OF PALAEOLITHIC TOOLS IN THE SUBCONTINENT

Chapter 9. DISTRIBUTION, STRATIGRAPHY, CLIMATE

Chapter 10. CHRONOLOGY

Chapter 11. CULTURAL EVIDENCE

Chapter 12. THE EVIDENCE OF ART (?)

III. The Mesolithic Horizon and Associated Rock Art

Chapter 13. THE CONCEPT OF A MESOLITHIC LEVEL AND ITS DISTRIBUTION

Chapter 14. CULTURAL EVIDENCE

Chapter 15. ASSOCIATED ROCK ART

VI. The Growth of Villages: from Baluchistan to Haryana and Gujarat

Chapter 16. THE MOUNTAINOUS RIM IN THE NORTH-WEST: BALUCHISTAN

Chapter 17. THE MOUNTAINOUS RIM IN THE NORTH-WEST: BANNU

Chapter 18. THE WESTERN FRINGE OF THE INDUS-HAKRA ALLUVIUM: THE GOMAL VALLEY

Chapter 19. THE WESTERN FRINGE OF THE INDUS-HAKRA ALLUVIUM: KIRTHAR PIEDMONT AND KOHISTAN

Chapter 20. THE WESTERN FRINGE OF THE INDUS-HAKRA ALLUVIUM: THE POTWAR PLATEAU

Chapter 21. THE INDUS-HAKRA PLAIN

Chapter 22. THE ARAVALLI BELT: THE GROWTH OF AN EARLY METALLURGICAL CENTRE

Chapter 23. GUJARAT

Chapter 24. TOWARD THE INDUS CIVILIZATION

V. The Indus or Harappan Civilization

Chapter 25. NAME

Chapter 26. DISTRIBUTION

Chapter 27. ORIGIN

Chapter 28. MORPHOLOGY OF SOME MAJOR SITES

Chapter 29. GENERAL FEATURES OF HARAPPAN CIVILIZATION

Chapter 30. CHRONOLOGICAL FRAMEWORK

Chapter 31. POLITICAL AND SOCIAL FRAMEWORK

Chapter 32. DECLINE AND TRANSFORMATION

VI. Neolithic-Chalcolithic and Iron-Bearing Cultures Beyond the Harappan Distribution Zone

Chapter 33. COMPLEXITIES OF THE BEGINNING OF FOOD PRODUCTION IN NON-HARAPPAN INDIA

Chapter 34. THE MOUNTAINS IN THE NORTH

Chapter 35. RAJASTHAN

Chapter 36. MADHYA PRADESH

Chapter 37. MAHARASHTRA

Chapter 38. KARNATAKA, ANDHRA, TAMIL NADU

Chapter 39. ORISSA, THE NORTH-EASTERN STATES, WEST BENGAL AND BIHAR

Chapter 40. UTTAR PRADESH

Chapter 41. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE INDIAN NEOLITHIC-CHALCOLITHIC AND IRON-BEARING CULTURES BEYOND THE HARAPPAN DISTRIBUTION ZONE

VII. The Archaeological Foundations of Early Historic India

Chapter 42. THE HISTORICAL FRAMEWORK OF EARLY HISTORIC INDIAN ARCHAEOLOGY

Chapter 43. SETTLEMENT CONTEXTS

Chapter 44. INSCRIPTIONS

Chapter 45. COINS

Chapter 46. SCULPTURE, TERRACOTTA, PAINTING

Chapter 47. ARCHITECTURE

Chapter 48. CONCLUDING OBSERVATIONS

VIII. Some General Issues

Chapter 49. GEOGRAPHY

Chapter 50. PREHISTORY

Chapter 51. SETTLEMENT

Chapter 52. AGRICULTURE

Chapter 53. METALLURGY

Chapter 54. TRADE AND TRADE ROUTES

‘Afterword’: Ideas and Discoveries in Indian Archaeology, 1998–2008

Notes