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Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Europe and the Islamic World: A History

Europe and the Islamic World sheds much-needed light on the shared roots of Islamic and Western cultures and on the richness of their inextricably intertwined histories, refuting once and for all the misguided notion of a "clash of civilizations" between the Muslim world and Europe. In this landmark book, three eminent historians bring to life the complex and tumultuous relations between Genoans and Tunisians, Alexandrians and the people of Constantinople, Catalans and Maghrebis-the myriad groups and individuals whose stories reflect the common cultural, intellectual, and religious heritage of Europe and Islam.

Since the seventh century, when the armies of Constantinople and Medina fought for control of Syria and Palestine, there has been ongoing contact between the Muslim world and the West. This sweeping history vividly recounts the wars and the crusades, the alliances and diplomacy, commerce and the slave trade, technology transfers, and the intellectual and artistic exchanges. Here readers are given an unparalleled introduction to key periods and events, including the Muslim conquests, the collapse of the Byzantine Empire, the commercial revolution of the medieval Mediterranean, the intellectual and cultural achievements of Muslim Spain, the crusades and Spanish reconquest, the rise of the Ottomans and their conquest of a third of Europe, European colonization and decolonization, and the challenges and promise of this entwined legacy today.

As provocative as it is groundbreaking, this book describes this shared history in all its richness and diversity, revealing how ongoing encounters between Europe and Islam have profoundly shaped both.

Foreword

General Introduction

Part One - Saracens and Ifranj: Rivalries, Emulation, and Convergences

Chapter 1. The Geographers’ World: From Arabia Felix to the Balad al-Ifranj (Land of the Franks)

Chapter 2. Conquest and Its Justifications: Jihad, Crusade, Reconquista

Chapter 3. The Social Inferiority of Religious Minorities: Dhimmis and Mudejars

Chapter 4. In Search of Egyptian Gold: Traders in the Mediterranean

Chapter 5. On the Shoulders of Giants: Transmission and Exchange of Knowledge

Part Two - The Great Turk and Europe

Chapter 6. The Ottoman Conquest in Europe

Chapter 7. Ottoman Europe: An Ancient Fracture

Chapter 8. Antagonistic Figures

Chapter 9. The Islamic-Christian Border in Europe

Chapter 10. Breaches in the Conflict

Part Three - Europe and the Muslim World in the Contemporary Period

Chapter 11. The Eighteenth Century as Turning Point

Chapter 12. Civilization or Conquest?

Chapter 13. The Age of Reform

Chapter 14. The Age of Empire

Chapter 15. The First Blows to European Domination

Chapter 16. The Great War and the Beginning of Emancipation

Chapter 17. Contemporary Issues

Notes

Selected Bibliography