Addams, J. Twenty Years at Hull House. New York: Macmillan, 1910.

“Afoot from Spokane, Washington,” Reading Times, 19 December 1896, p. 2.

Akerman, S. “The Psychology of Migration.” American Studies in Scandinavia 1 (1978): 47–56.

“A Long Journey,” Fort Wayne Gazette, 19 November 1896, p. 3.

Alpern, S., J. Antler, E. Perry, and I. Scobie, eds. The Challenge of Feminist Biography: Writing the Lives of Modern American Women. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Anastasio, A. “Port Haven: A Changing Northwestern Community.” Institute of Agricultural Sciences Bulletin 616: Washington State University, 1–44.

Appleby, J., L. Hunt, and M. Jacob. Telling the Truth about History. New York: Norton, 1994.

“Applied for Assistance,” Brooklyn Daily Eagle, 2 May 1897.

“Are Near Their Journey’s End,” Spokesman-Review, 23 December 1896, p. 1.

“Are Walking for Wages,” Walla Walla Union, 17 May 1896, p. 4.

Armitage, S. “Revisiting ‘The Gentle Tamers Revisited’: The Problems and Possibilities of Western Women’s History—An Introduction.” Pacific Historical Review 61, no. 4 (1992): 459–462.

——. “Here’s to the Women: Western Women Speak Up.” The Journal of American History (September 1996): 551–559.

Armitage S., and E. Jameson, eds. The Women’s West. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987.

Armitage S., E. Jameson, and J. Jansen. “The New Western History: Another Perspective.” Journal of the West 32 (July 1993): 5.

Ashby, L. William Jennings Bryan: Champion of Democracy. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1987.

“Auction,” Brooklyn Standard Union, 12 January 1897, p. 1.

Bahr, Dorothy, and Daryll Bahr. Artifacts of Estby Family: Portraits, Scrapbooks, Letters, Artifacts. Wilbur and Spokane, Wash., 1880–1930.

Bahr, Darillyn. “Coast to Coast.” School report. Wilbur, Wash., 1977.

Bahr, Doug. “Grandma Walks from Coast to Coast.” History Day Contest report. Wilbur, Wash., 1984.

Bancroft, H.H. Bancroft’s Works: Nevada, Colorado and Wyoming, XXV. San Francisco: The History Company Publishers, 1890.

——. Bancroft’s Works: History of Utah, XXVI. San Francisco, The History Company Publishers, 1890.

Barzun, J., and H. Graff. The Modern Researcher. 5th ed. Fort Worth: Harcourt, Brace Jovanovich, 1977.

Becher, E.T. Spokane Corona: Eras and Empires. Spokane: Self-published, 1974.

Belenky, M., L. Bond, and J. Weinstock. A Tradition That Has No Name. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1997.

Belenky, M., B. Clinchy, N. Goldberger, and J. Tarule. Women’s Ways of Knowing. New York: Basic Books, Inc., 1986.

Birkett, D. Spinsters Abroad: Victorian Lady Explorers. New York: Blackwell, 1989.

Bjork, K. West of the Great Divide: Norwegian Migration to the Pacific Coast: 1847–1893. Northfield: Norwegian-American Historical Association, 1958.

Blackburn, G., and S. Ricards. “A Demographic History of the West: Manistee County, Michigan, 1860,” The Journal of American History 57, no. 3 (1970): 600–618.

“Black Friday,” Canby (Minn.) News, 19 July 1885, p. 3A.

Blegen, T.C. Norwegian Migration to America (2). Northfield, Minn.: The Norwegian-American Historical Association, 1940.

Blegen, T.C., ed. Land of Their Choice: The Immigrants Write Home. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1955.

Bowen, C.D. Adventures of a Biographer. Boston: Little, Brown, 1959.

Bradshaw, J. Family Secrets. New York: Bantam, 1995.

Brands, H.W. The Reckless Decade: America in the 1890s. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1995.

Brinkman, M.S., and W.T. Morgan. Light from the Hearth: Central Minnesota Pioneers and Early Architecture. St. Cloud, Minn.: North Star Press, 1982.

Buckely, J.N. “Martha Ostenso: A Norwegian-American Immigrant Novelist.” Norwegian-American Studies and Records 28 (1979): 69–81.

“Call grand jury,” Spokesman-Review, 11 December 1903, p. 1.

“Came from Spokane Afoot,” New York Times, 24 December 1896, p. 9.

Carrere, J.F. Spokane Falls Washington Territory and its Tributary Country. Spokane, Wash.: City Council and Board of Trade, 1889.

Cather, W. My Ántonia. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1918.

“Census,” City of Spokane, 1896.

Circular No. 1. Minnesota State Board of Health, 1880.

“Coast to Coast,” Minneapolis Times, 2 June 1897, p. 5.

Cott, N.F. The Bonds of Womanhood: “Women’s Sphere” in New England, 1780–1835. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1977.

Coulson, A. Unpublished research notes on Helga Estby family. Whitworth College, 1986.

Cummins, M.S. The Lamplighter. Vol. 6. 1854. Reprint, New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1988.

Dahlie, J. A Social History of Scandinavian Immigration, Washington State, 1895–1910. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1967.

Davis, L.G. A Diphtheria Epidemic in the Early Eighties. Sleepy Eye: Minnesota Medical Report, 1934.

Diliberto, G. A Useful Woman: The Early Life of Jane Addams. New York: Scribner, 1999.

Estby, I. Oral History at Cheney Cowles Museum. Spokane, Wash., 1973. Daughter of Helga and Ole Estby.

“The Estby’s Reach New York,” Spokesman-Review, 24 December 1896, p. 2.

Fahey, J. “The Million Dollar Corner: The Development of Downtown Spokane, 1890–1920.” Pacific Northwest Quarterly 62 (April 1971): 77–85.

——. The Inland Empire: Unfolding Years, 1879–1929. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1986.

“Fair Tramps’ Long Trip,” New York Twice-a-Week World, 27 November 1896, p. 1.

Fargo, L.F. Spokane Story. New York: Columbia University Press, 1950.

“For a Long Tramp,” Spokane Daily Chronicle, 5 May 1896, p. 1.

Frederick, B., and S. McLeod, eds. Women and the Journey: Female Travel Experience. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1993.

“From Spokane to New York,” Salt Lake City Deseret Evening News, 11 July 1896, p. 5.

Frost, J., et al. “Why Did Colorado Suffragists Succeed in Winning the Right to Vote in 1893 and Not in 1877?” [2002].

Gale’s Quotations: Who Said What. Ver. 1.0. CD-ROM. W.E.B. DuBois, 1903.

Geddes, P. The Evolution of Sex. London: W. Scott, 1889.

Glad, P.W. McKinley, Bryan, and the People. New York: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1964.

Goleman, D. Vital Lies, Simple Truths. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985.

The Greeley (Colorado) Tribune, 3 September 1896, p. 1.

Green, H., et al. The Light of the Home: An Intimate View of the Lives of Women in Victorian America. New York: Pantheon Books, 1983.

Griffin, S. A Chorus of Stones. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

Gulliksen, O. “Travel Narratives, Popular Religious Literature, Autobiography: N.N. Ronning’s Contribution to Norwegian-American Culture.” Norwegian-American Studies 33 (1992): 165–188.

Hamalian, L., ed. Ladies on the Loose: Women Travellers of the 18th and 19th Centuries. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1981.

Hanne, M. Power of the Story. Providence: Berghahn Books, 1994.

Heilbrun, C.G. Writing a Woman’s Life. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1988.

Herriges, R.P. Fire on the Prairie: Memories of Lac Zui Parle. Madison, Minn.: The Heritage Press, 1980.

“History of Manistee County,” Minnesota Historical Society Files (1996): p. 8–9.

Holmquist, J.D., ed. They Chose Minnesota: A Survey of the State’s Ethnic Groups. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Press, 1981.

Holt, L.E. Diseases of Infancy and Childhood: For the Use of Students and Practitioners of Medicine. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1897.

Hook, H., and F. McGuire. Spokane Falls Illustrated: The Metropolis of Eastern Washington. Minneapolis: Frank L. Thresher, 1889.

Houston, M., and C. Kramarae. “Speaking from Silence: Methods of Silencing and of Resistance.” Discourse and Society 214 (1991): 387–399.

Hoxtel, A. Interview by author. 1995. Lived in Estby house as a child.

Hustvedt, L. Interview by author. St. Olaf College, Minn., 6 June 1996. Secretary of Norwegian-American Historical Association.

“In Short Skirts,” Fort Wayne News, 18 November 1896, p. 1.

Jack, D.C. Silencing the Self: Women and Depression. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Jeffrey, J.R. Frontier Women: The Trans-Mississippi West: 1840–1880. New York: Hill and Wang, 1979.

Jenkins, P., and B. Jenkins. The Walk West: A Walk across America 2. Carmel, N.Y.: Guideposts, 1981.

Jensen, J., and D. Miller. “The Gentle Tamers Revisited: New Approaches to the History of Women in the American West.” Pacific Historical Review 49 (1980): 173–213.

“Journey Almost Ended,” New York World, 23 December 1896.

“The Jury in the Estley [sic] Suit,” Spokane Falls Review, 21 February 1889, p. 4.

Kaplan, L.J. No Voice is Ever Wholly Lost. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

King, M.P. Memories of a Prairie Girlhood. Minnesota: Canby City Library Memoir, 1960.

Lagerquist, L.D. In America the Men Milk the Cows: Factors of Gender, Ethnicity, and Religion in the Americanization of Norwegian-American Women. Brooklyn: Carlson Publishing, 1991.

Lea, H.C. A Treatise of the Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Henry C. Lea, 1872.

Lee, Norma. Interview by author. Spokane, Wash., 1992. Granddaugher of Helga Estby.

Letters. Thelma Portch Collection, 1893.

Limerick, P.N., C.A. Milner II, C.E. Rankin, eds. Trails: Toward a New Western History. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1991.

“Lives Wrecked by Wheeling,” San Francisco Examiner, 1 July 1896, p. 1.

“Local News,” Shoshone Journal, 26 June 1896.

“Long Tramp for Two Women,” New York World, 6 May 1896, p. 1.

Lorence, J.J. Enduring Visions Readings. Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath and Company, 1993.

Lovoll, O.S. The Promise of America: A History of the Norwegian-American People. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1983.

Luchetti, C. Women of the West. St. George: Antelope Island Press, 1982.

Malcolm, J. The Silent Woman. New York: Random House, 1993.

McBride, E. Interview with author. 1995. Family lived in Estby home.

McCormick, J.S. “Temple Square.” [October 2002].

McNair, S. Nebraska. New York: Grolier Publishing Co., 1999.

Meier, P. Bring Warm Clothes: Letters and Photos from Minnesota’s Past. Minneapolis: Minneapolis Tribune, 1981.

Michalek, W. Interview by author. Phone. 25 June 1996. Granddaughter-in-law of Helga Estby.

Middleton, D. Victorian Lady Travellers. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1965.

“Minnesota Storm Damage,” Canby (Minn.) News, 24 June 1885, p. 1.

Miscovitch, D. Interview by author. 1994. With Miscovitch’s mother who lived in Estby home at Mica.

Montgomery Ward & Co. Spring and Summer 1895. Catalogue No. 57. Toronto: Dover Press.

“More Pedestrians,” Des Moines Leader, 15 October 1896, p. 5.

“Mother and Daughter,” Ohio State Journal, 24 November 1896, p. 3.

Moulton, C. Roadside History of Wyoming. Missoula, Mont.: Mountain Press Publishing Company, 1995.

“Mrs. Estby and Her Daughter Walk Armed from Spokane,” New York World, 25 December 1896, p. 2.

“Mrs. Estby’s Tramp Ended,” Chronicle, 24 December 1896, p. 1.

“Mrs. H. Estby and Daughter,” Warsaw Daily Times, 18 November 1896, p. 2.

Mutel, F.M., and J.C. Emerick. From Grassland to Glacier: The Natural History of Colorado and the Surrounding Region. Boulder: Johnson Books, 1984.

Narvestad, J. The History of Yellow Medicine County. Granite Falls: Yellow Medicine County Historical Society, 1972.

National Archives of Norway (Riksarkivet). Birth, Christening, Ship Records. Oslo, Norway, 1860s.

Olsen, T. Silences. New York: Dell Publishing Co., 1965.

“On a Long Walk,” Idaho Daily Statesman, 5 June 1896, p. 3.

“On Their Journey,” Weekly Bedrock Democrat, 1 June 1896.

Oslo City Records. “Norwegian Family Records.” Oslo, Norway. 1860s.

Papero, D. Bowen Family Systems Theory. Needham Heights, Mass.: Allyn and Bacon, 1990.

Pascoe, P. “Western Women at the Crossroads.” In Limerick, Milner, and Rankin, eds. Trails: Toward a New Western History, 1991.

Peavy, L., and U. Smith. Women in Waiting in the Westward Movement. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994.

Portch, H. Interview by author. Spokane, Wash., 1994. Grandson-in-law of Helga Estby.

Portch, T. Interview by author. Almira, Wash., 1984. Granddaughter of Helga Estby.

——. Interview by author. Almira, Wash., 1986. Second interview.

Pratt, O.C. The Story of Spokane. Self-published: Spokane City Library, 1948.

Qualey, C.C. “A Typical Norwegian Settlement: Spring Grove, Minnesota.” Norwegian American Studies and Records 9 (1936).

Raaen, A. Grass of the Earth: The Story of a Norwegian Immigrant Family in Dakota. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1950.

Rasmussen, J.E. New Land, New Lives: Scandinavian Immigrants to the Pacific Northwest. Northfield, Minn.: Norwegian-American Historical Association, 1963.

——. “ ‘The Best Place on Earth for Women’: The American Experience of Aasta Hansteen.” Norwegian American Studies 32 (1986): 245–266.

Rettman, J. “Prostitution in Spokane, Washington: 1889–1908.” Master’s thesis, Eastern Washington University, 1994.

Rich, A.C. On Lies, Secrets, and Silence. New York: Norton, 1979.

Ricouer, P. Time and Narrative. Vol. 1 & 2. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Robinson, P. Sinners and Saints: A Tour across the States and Round Them with Three Months among the Mormons. Boston: Roberts Brothers, 1883.

“Rockford,” Spokesman-Review, 14 February 1889, p. 1.

“Rockford,” Rockford Realm. 1 January 1890, p. 1.

Rolvaag, O.E. Giants on the Earth. New York: Harper and Row, 1955.

Rose, A.P. An Illustrated History of Yellow Medicine County, Minnesota. Marshall, Minn.: Northern History Publishing Company, 1914.

Rosenblatt, J. “Charred Manuscripts Tell Zora Neale Hurston’s Poignant and Powerful Story.” The Chronicle of Higher Education (5 June 1991): B4–5.

Rosenfeld, L. “Self-disclosure Avoidance: Why I Am Afraid to Tell You Who I Am.” Communications Monographs 46, no. 1 (1979): 63–74.

Rothman, S.M. Woman’s Proper Place: A History of Changing Ideals and Practices, 1870 to the Present. New York: Basic Books, 1978.

Rudd, C.D. “Beret and the Prairie in Giants in the Earth.” Norwegian American Studies 28 (1975): 217–245.

Russell, M. The Blessings of a Good Thick Skirt: Women Travellers and Their World. London: Collins, 1986.

Sandro, G.O. The Immigrants’ Trek. Self-published: Minnesota, 1929.

Scharff, V. “Else Surely We Shall All Hang Separately: The Politics of Western Women’s History.” Pacific Historical Review 61 (1992): 535–555.

Schwantes, C.A. Coxey’s Army. Moscow: University of Idaho Press, 1994.

Seller, M.S., ed. Immigrant Women. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1981.

Seppa-Salisbury, L. Interview by author. 1996. A psychologist’s perspective on shame.

Settler’s Guide to Homes in the Northwest: Being a Handbook of Spokane Falls, W.T. Spokane, Wash.: Spokane Falls Evening Review Book and Job Print, 1885.

Shaulis, Dahn. “Pedestriennes: Newsworthy but Controversial Women in Sporting Entertainment,” Journal of Sport History 26 (1), 1999.

Shoshone Journal, 26 June 1896.

Siverson, N. Interviews by author. 1986, 1993. Neighbor of Estbys.

Slattery, T.J. “An Illustrated History of the Rock Island Arsenal and Arsenal Island.” Davenport: Historical Office, 1988.

Slind, M.G., and F.D. Bohm. Norse to the Palouse: Sagas of the Selbu Norwegians. Pullman, Wash.: Norlys Press, 1990.

Smart, L.S. “Parental Bereavement in Anglo American History.” Omega 28, no. 1 (1993): 49–61.

Smith, B.H. “Narrative Versions, Narrative Theories.” Critical Inquiry 7, no. 1 (1980): 213–236.

“Spokane Caller at McKinley’s,” Spokesman-Review, 1 December 1896, p. 4.

Spokane County Court Records. “Mortgages, Law suits, Deeds, etc.: 1890s–1920.”

Spokane Falls Evening Chronicle, 21 September 1886.

“Spokane Falls, Washington Territory: The Metropolis of Eastern Washington and Northern Idaho 1889.” Spokane, Wash.: Union Pacific Railroad, 1889.

Stage, S. Female Complaints: Lydia Pinkham and the Business of Women’s Medicine. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1979.

Stearns, P.N. “Girls, Boys, and Emotions: Redefinitions and Historical Change.” The Journal of American History (June 1993): 37–47.

Stone, E. Black Sheep and Kissing Cousins: How Our Family Stories Shape Us. New York: Times Books/Random House, 1988.

“The Story They Told,” San Francisco Chronicle, 24 December 1896, p. 3.

Stratton, D., ed. Spokane and the Inland Empire: An Interior Pacific Northwest Anthology. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1991.

“Surrounding country,” Realm, 1 January 1890, p. 1, Supplement.

Theriot, N. Mothers and Daughters in Nineteenth-Century America. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1996.

“They Are Here,” Daily Iowa Capital, 17 October 1896, p. 5.

Tooker, R.N. The Diseases of Children and their Homeopathic Treatment: Text-book for Students, Colleges and Practitioners. 2nd ed. Chicago: Gross & Delbridge Company, 1898.

“Tramp to New York,” Spokane Daily Chronicle, 4 May 1896, p. 2.

Trodd, A. Domestic Crime in the Victorian Novel. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1989.

“Two Women Afoot,” Davenport Democrat, 24 October 1896, p. 1.

“Two Women’s Great Tramp,” New York World, 26 April 1896, p. 24. Photograph.

“Two Women’s Long Tramp,” New York Herald, 23 December 1896, p. 10.

“Two Women’s Long Walk,” Examiner, 5 May 1896.

“Two Women Tramps,” Lebanon (Penn.) Daily News, 19 December 1896, p. 1.

“Two Women Walkers,” Denver Times, 11 September 1896, p. 10.

Vertinsky, P. “Feminist Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s Pursuit of Health and Physical Fitness as a Strategy for Emancipation.” Journal of Sport History 16, no. 1 (1989): 5–26.

Veyne, P. Writing History: Essay on Epistemology. Middle-town: Wesleyan University Press, 1971.

Vicinus, M. Suffer and Be Still: Women in the Victorian Age. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1973.

“Walk to New York,” Spokesman-Review, 5 May 1896, p. 5.

“Walked from Pacific Coast,” Minneapolis Tribune, 2 June 1897, p. 4.

“Walked from Pacific Coast,” New York Twice-a-Week World, 24 December 1896, p. 6.

“Walked Here from Spokane,” New York Sun, 2 May 1897.

“Walking for Pay,” Fort Wayne Sentinel, 18 November 1896, p. 1.

“Walking for $10,000,” Harrisburg Telegraph, 5 December 1896, p. 1.

“Walking to Win $10,000,” Des Moines Register, 17 October 1896, p. 2.

Walsh, M. “State of the Art: Women’s Place on the American Frontier.” Journal of American Studies 29, no. 2 (1995): 241–255.

Ware, S. Still Missing: Amelia Earhart and the Search for Modern Feminism. New York: W.W. Norton, 1993.

Welter, B. Dimity Convictions: The American Woman in the 19th Century. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1976.

“What To Do in a Tornado,” Canby (Minn.) News, 15 May 1885, p. 4.

Woloch, N. Women and the American Experience. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.

“Woman and Short Skirts,” New York Sun, 30 April 1897.

“Woman Pedestrian a Loser,” Spokesman-Review, 19 April 1916, p. 6.

“Woman Should Have Leg Freedom,” Chicago Tribune, 1 November 1896, p. 1.

“Women’s Congress Attracts Crowds,” San Francisco Chronicle, 5 May 1896, p. 1.

Women’s club authors. Down Memory Lane. Mica, Wash.: Mica Community Publication, 1979.

“Women Globe Trotters,” Weekly Baker City (Ore.) Bedrock Democrat, 25 May 1896, p. 1.

“Women of the Week,” New York World, 26 April 1896, p. 24.

“Women Pedestrians,” Daily Sun Leader, 27 August 1896, p. 4.

“Women Travellers Ask for Aid,” New York Daily Tribune, 2 May 1897, p. 8.

“Women Walkers,” Minneapolis Tribune, 2 June 1897, p. 4.

“Women Walkers Arrive,” New York Herald, 24 December 1896, p. 7.

“Women Walkers: Reach Plymouth Saturday Night,” Plymouth Reporter, 19 November 1896, p. 6.

“Women Walkers Stranded,” New York World, 2 May 1897.

Yellow Medicine County Court Records. Births, Deaths, Homestead papers. 1877–1887.

If you find an error please notify us in the comments. Thank you!