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The New History of the World

The New History of the World

J.M. Roberts's renowned History of the World is widely considered the finest available one-volume survey of the major events, developments, and personalities of the known past, offering generations of readers a tour of the vast landscape of human history.

In this new edition, Bancroft Prize-winning historian Odd Arne Westad has completely revised this landmark work to bring the narrative up to the twenty-first century, including the 9/11 attacks and the wars in the Middle East. Westad utilizes the remarkable gains in scholarship in recent decades to enhance the book's coverage of early human life and vastly improve the treatment of India and China, Central Eurasia, early Islam, and the late Byzantine Empire, as well as the history of science, technology, and economics. The result is a truly remarkable work of compression and synthesis, sweeping through thousands of years of history, weaving the stories of empires, art, religion, economics, and science into a lucid and engaging narrative. Ranging from the early hominids and the emergence of Mesopotamian civilizations and ancient Egypt, the book illuminates such topics as the Roman Empire, the explosive arrival of Islam, the rise and fall of samurai rule in Japan, the medieval kingdoms of sub-Saharan Africa, the Mongol conquests, and the early modern expansion of Europe across the globe; also covered are the struggle for American independence, the French Revolution, the colonial empires, Japan's startling modernization, and the World Wars.

Preface to Fourth Edition

BOOK ONE - Before History - Beginnings

1. The Foundations

2. Homo Sapiens

3. The Possibility of Civilization

BOOK TWO - The First Civilizations

1. Early Civilized Life

2. Ancient Mesopotamia

3. Ancient Egypt

4. Intruders and Invaders: The Dark Ages of the Ancient Near East

A COMPLICATING WORLD

EARLY CIVILIZED LIFE IN THE AEGEAN

THE NEAR EAST IN THE AGES OF CONFUSION

5. The Beginnings of Civilization in Eastern Asia

ANCIENT INDIA

ANCIENT CHINA

6. The Other Worlds of the Ancient Past

7. The End of the Old World

BOOK THREE - The Classical Mediterranean

1. The Roots of One World

2. The Greeks

3. Greek Civilization

4. The Hellenistic World

5. Rome

6. The Roman Achievement

7. Jewry and the Coming of Christianity

8. The Waning of the Classical West

9. The Elements of a Future

BOOK FOUR - The Age of Diverging Traditions

1. Islam and the Remaking of the Near East

2. The Arab Empires

3. Byzantium and Its Sphere

4. The Disputed Legacies of the Near East

5. The Making of Europe

6. India

7. Imperial China

8. Japan

9. Worlds Apart

10. Europe: the First Revolution

THE CHURCH

PRINCIPALITIES AND POWERS

WORKING AND LIVING

11. New Limits, New Horizons

EUROPE LOOKS OUTWARDS

THE EUROPEAN MIND

BOOK FIVE - The Making of the European Age

1. A New Kind of Society: Early Modern Europe

2. Authority and Its Challengers

3. The New World of Great Powers

4. Europe’s Assault on the World

5. World History’s New Shape

6. Ideas Old and New

BOOK SIX - The Great Acceleration

1. Long-Term Change

2. Political Change in an Age of Revolution

3. Political Change: A New Europe

4. Political Change: The Anglo-Saxon World

5. The European World Hegemony

6. European Imperialism and Imperial Rule

7. Asia’s Response to a Europeanizing World

BOOK SEVEN - The End of the Europeans’ World

1. Strains in the System

2. The Era of the First World War

3. A New Asia in the Making

4. The Ottoman Heritage and the Western Islamic Lands

5. The Second World War

6. The Shaping of a New World

BOOK EIGHT - The Latest Age

1. Perspectives - PEOPLE

THE NEW PLENTY

COMMUNICATION

SCIENCE AND NATURE

SPACE: A NEW ENVIRONMENT FOR MANKIND

NEW CONCERNS

BELIEFS AND ATTITUDES

HALF THE WORLD

PRINCIPALITIES AND POWERS

2. A New World Order - COLD WAR BEGINNINGS

ASIAN REVOLUTION

BANDUNG

CHINA’S RE-EMERGENCE

THE CHINESE PERIPHERY AND BEYOND

THE MIDDLE EAST

AFRICA

LATIN AMERICA

3. Crumbling Certainties - SUPERPOWER DIFFICULTIES

THE LAST COLD WAR CRISES

THE ILLUSION OF ‘CONVERGENCE’

VIETNAM

TWO EUROPES

NEW CHALLENGES TO THE COLD WAR WORLD ORDER

THE WORLD OF ISLAM

4. The Closing of an Era - FRUSTRATIONS

MIDDLE EAST ISSUES

DETENTE

A DISSOLVING SCENE

THE END OF THE COLD WAR WORLD

CHINA

5. Openings and Closures - NATIONALITY AND ETHNICITY

AN EVER-CLOSER EUROPEAN UNION?

CHINA AND EAST ASIA

THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT

A NEW RUSSIA

PAX AMERICANA QUALIFIED

WHOLE WORLD HISTORY

MANAGING NATURE