Timeline

с. 500,000 В.С.Е

 Peking Man hominid fossils

с. 10,000 В.С.Е

 Domestication of rice in Jiangxi

с. 4600 В.С.Е

 Neolithic village cultures in northern China

с. 2100 В.С.Е

 Xia “dynasty” in Yellow River valley

с. 1500 В.С.Е

 Shang state on North China Plain

1045 В.С.Е

 Zhou Conquest

722-481 В.С.Е

 Spring and Autumn period

480-221 В.С.Е

 Warring States period

207 В.С.Е

 Fall of Qin dynasty

202 В.С.Е.-220 С.Е

 Han dynasty

141-87 В.С.Е

 Reign of Wudi

81 В.С.Е

 Debate on Salt and Iron

9-23 С.Е

 Usurpation of Wang Mang

С. 100 С.Е

 First Buddhist temple in China

182 С.Е

 Yellow Turban uprising

220-280

 Three Kingdoms period

с. 310

 Turkic migrations into northern China begin

581-618

 Sui dynasty

618-906

 Tang dynasty

684-705

 Reign of Empress Wu Zetian

713-756

 Reign of Xuanzong

755-763

 An Lushan rebellion

768-824

 Han Yu

845

 Official suppression of Buddhism

907-960

 Five Dynasties period

907-1125

 Liao dynasty of the Khitan people

960-1127

 Northern Song dynasty

1126-1234

 Jin dynasty of the Jurchen people

1127-1279

 Southern Song dynasty

1130-1200

 Zhu Xi

1206

 Mongol qurillai elects Temujin as Great Khan

1260-1368

 Mongol Yuan dynasty

1272-1290

 Marco Polo in China

1313

 Mongols restore Confucian examinations

1340s

 Great plague in Yangzi River valley

1368-1644

 Ming dynasty

1402

 Zhu Di usurps the throne

1405-1435

 Ming voyages of exploration

1572-1620

 Reign of Wanli emperor

с. 1580

 “Single Whip” tax reforms

1626

 Nurhaci inaugurates Manchu language use

1636

 Qing dynasty proclaimed by Manchus

1644

 Fall of Ming dynasty and Manchu invasion

1661-1722

 Reign of Kangxi

1673-1681

 Rebellion of the Wu Sangui

1712

 Kangxi’s tax edict

1723-1735

 Reign of Yongzheng

1736-1795

 Reign of Qianlong

1793

 British trade mission to China

1813

 Secret society rebellion against Qing

1839-1842

 Opium War

1850-1864

 Taiping Rebellion

1864-1895

 Self-Strengthening Movement

1894-1895

 Sino-Japanese War

1898

 100 Days Reforms

1899-1900

 Boxer Rebellion

1905

 Confucian examinations abolished

October 11, 1911

 Wuhan mutiny sets off revolution

February 12, 1912

 Abdication of last emperor

February 15, 1912

 Yuan Shikai becomes president

1916

 Yuan Shikai tries to become emperor

May 4, 1919

 Student demonstration in Beijing

July 1921

 Founding of Chinese Communist Party

1922-1927

 First United Front of Communists and Nationalists

1926

 Northern Expedition of Chiang Kaishek

April 1927

 Split between CCP and GMD

1929-1934

 Jiangxi period of Chinese Communists

September 18, 1931

 Japanese invade Manchuria

October 1934-October 1935

 Long March

December 1936

 Xian incident: Chiang “arrested”

1937-1945

 Second United Front

July 7, 1937

 Marco Polo Bridge incident: Japanese invasion

1945

 End of war with Japan

1945-1949

 Civil war between Communists and Nationalists

1948

 Nationalists massacre Taiwanese

1949

 Nationalists withdraw to Taiwan

October 1, 1949

 Mao proclaims People’s Republic of China

1949-1952

 Land reform

1950

 Marriage law

1958-1959

 Great Leap Forward

August 1959

 Lushan Plenum: Peng Dehuai purged, Mao retreats from daily leadership

1962

 Socialist Education Movement

1966-1969

 Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution

1976

 Death of Mao Zedong

1978-1994

 Leadership of Deng Xiaoping

1989  

 Tiananmen student movement, suppressed June 4

1999 

 China and the United States agree on WTO membership

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