Ancient History & Civilisation

Apologetics in the Roman Empire

Apologetics in the Roman Empire

This book is a comprehensive survey of the dialogue between pagans, Jews, and Christians in the Roman empire up to the time when Constantine declared himself a Christian. Each chapter is written by a distinguished scholar and is devoted to a single text or group of texts with the aim of identifying the probable audience, the literary milieu, and the circumstances that led to this form of writing.

I. Introduction: Apologetics in the Roman World

II. The Acts of the Apostles as an Apologetic Text

APOLOGETIC AS DRAMATIC FICTION

ACTS IS NOT AN APOLOGETIC DISCOURSE

ACTS IS BUILT AROUND A SERIES OF APOLOGETIC SCENARIOS

APOLOGETIC IN ACTS AND THE NEW TESTAMENT

III. Josephus’ Treatise Against Apion

IV. Talking at Trypho: Christian Apologetic as Anti-Judaism in Justin’s Dialogue with Trypho the Jew

THE PHILOSOPHICAL CHAPTERS

FROM DIALOGUE TO DENUNCIATION

THE TRUE ISRAEL

AUDIENCE AND PURPOSE

V. Greek Apologists of the Second Century

GENRE

HOMER OR MOSES?

ANCESTRAL CUSTOMS

VI. Latin Christian Apologetics: Minucius Felix, Tertullian, and Cyprian

THE TEXTS

PREDECESSORS

ARGUMENTS

VII. Origen’s Treatise Against Celsus

VIII. Defending Hellenism: Philostratus, In Honour of Apollonius - INTRODUCTION

THE TOILS OF HELLENISM

IN SEARCH OF THE SAGE

THE SECOND-CENTURY BACKGROUND

THE ROLE OF AMMNIUS

FROM AMMONIUS TO PHILOSTRATUS

FROM PHILOSTRATUS TO APOLLONIUS

THE PROBLEMS OF HELLENISM

PYTHAGOREANISM AND HELLENISM

THE APOLOGIA

APOLLONIUS AND RELIGIOUS CHANGE

IX. The Flowering of Latin Apologetic: Lactantius and Arnobius

THE AUTHORS AND THEIR SITUATION

RHETORIC AND THE DEFENCE OF CHRISTIANITY

RHETORIC AND ROMAN WAY

CONCLUSION

X. Eusebius’ Apologetic Writings - INTRODUCTION

EUSEBIUS' USAGE OF THE TERM APOLOGIA

AGAINST HIEROCLES

AGAINST THE CHRISTIANS

PREPARATION FOR THE GOSPEL

XI. The Constantinian Circle and the Oration to the Saints

SUMMARY OF CONTENTS

A LATIN SPEECH

A LATIN THEOLOGY

THE ROMAN VENUE

THE POLITICAL OCCASION

THE CONSTANTINIAN CIRCLE