Biographies & Memoirs



Baker Baker Papers, DUL

Bowes Museum - ‘Memoranda relating to A R Bowes and the Countess of Strathmore’, cited as BMAlbum; correspondence and other material in Bowes Museum Archives

Howard Letters 1760-1816, Arundel Castle

Royal Archives, Windsor

Royal Society of Archives

St Paul’s Walden Bury Album, album of newspaper cuttings collected by MEB at St Paul’s Walden Bury

Strathmore Estate Archives, Durham County Record Office

Strathmore Papers, Glamis Castle (National Register of Scotland 885)


Anon, The British Code of Duel, a reference to the laws of honour, and the character of gentleman (London, 1824)

Anon, A full and accurate report of the trial between the Reverend John Stephens, trustee to E. Bowes, commonly called Countess of Strathmore, and Andrew Robinson Stoney Bowes, Esq. her second husband, in the Court of Common Pleas, before the Right Hon. Alexander Lord Loughborough and a special jury, on Monday, May 19th, 1788 (London, 1788, third edition.)

Anon, The Irish Register, or a list of the Duchess Dowagers, Countesses, Widow Ladies, Maiden Ladies, Widows, and Misses of large fortunes in England (London, 1742)

Anon, The Monthly Chronicle of North-Country Lore and Legend (Newcastle upon Tyne, 1887)

Anon, A New Collection of Trials for Adultery (London, 1799)

Anon, Sketches of the Characters of the Hon. Thomas Erskine, and James Mingay, Esq. interspersed with anecdotes and professional strictures (London, 1794)

Anon, The Stoniad (Newcastle, 1777)

Anon, The Trial of Andrew Robinson Bowes, Esq. Edward Lucas, Francis Peacock, Mark Prevot, John Cummins, otherwise called Charles Chapman, William Pigg, John Bickley, Henry Bourn, and Thomas Bowes, Attorney at Law, on Wednesday, the 30th day of May, 1787 . . . for a Conspiracy against the Right Hon. Mary Eleanor Bowes, commonly called Countess of Strathmore (London, 1787)

Anon, The Trial of Andrew Robinson Bowes, Esq; first heard in the Arches Court of Doctors Commons; and, in consequence of an Appeal, determined in a Court of Delegates . . . when the Right Hon. the Countess of Strathmore obtained a divorce (London, 1789)

Anon, Trials for Adultery, or the history of divorces, being select trials at Doctors Commons, for adultery, fornication, cruelty, impotence, 019. from the year 1760, to the present time (London, 1779-80)

Anon, A Turkish Tale (London, 1770)

Aiton, William, Hortus Kewensis (London, 1789)

Allan, G. C., The Adelphi, Past and Present: A History and A Guide (London, 2001)

Andrews, John, Letters to a Young Gentleman on his Setting Out for France (London, 1784)

Angerstein, Reinhold, R. R., Angerstein’s Illustrated Travel Diary 1753-55, translated by Torsten and Peter Berg (London, 2001)

Arnold, Ralph, The Unhappy Countess and her Grandson John Bowes (London, 1957, reprinted 1993)

Askham, Francis, The Gay Delavals (London, 1955)

Aspinall, Arthur, Politics and the Press c. 1780-1850 (Brighton, 1973)

Astell, Mary, Some Reflections upon marriage (London, 1700)

Atkinson, Frank, The Great Northern Coalfield 1700-1900 (Newcastle, 1966)

Atkinson, John A., The British Duelling Pistol (London, 1978)

Attwater, Aubrey, Pembroke College, Cambridge: A Short History (Cambridge, 1936)

Bacon, Matthew, A New Abridgment of the Law (London, 1778, first pub. 1736)

Baker, J. H., An Introduction to English Legal History (London, 2002)

Baldick, Robert, The Duel: A History of Duelling (London, 1965)

Barker, Hannah, Newspapers, Politics, and Public Opinion in late Eighteenth-century England (Oxford, 1998)

Barlow, Frederick, The Complete English Peerage (London, 1775)

Beaglehole, J. C., The Life of Captain James Cook (London, 1974)

Bence-Jones, Mark, Clive of India (London, 1974)

Berry, Helen, ‘Creating Polite Space: the organisation and social function of the Newcastle Assembly Rooms’, in Berry, Helen and Gregory, Jeremy (eds), Creating and Consuming Culture in North-East England, 1660-1830 (Aldershot, Hants, 2004)

Lord Bessborough (ed.), Lady Bessborough and Her Family Circle (London, 1940)

Black, Jeremy, The British Abroad: The Grand Tour in the Eighteenth Century (London, 1992)

France and the Grand Tour (Basingstoke, 2003)

Blackstone, William, Commentaries on the Laws of England (Oxford, 1765-9)

Blunt, Reginald (ed.), Mrs. Montagu, ‘Queen of the Blues,’ Her Letters and Friendships from 1762 to 1800 (London, 1923)

Boswell, James, The Life of Samuel Johnson (Oxford, 1980)

Bowes, Mary Eleanor, Confessions of the Countess of Strathmore, written by herself. Carefully copied from the original lodged in Doctor’s Commons (London, 1793)

Brand, John, The History and Antiquities of the Town and County of the Town of Newcastle upon Tyne (London, 1789)

Brown, Robert, Prodromus Flora Novae Hollandiae (London, 1810)

Brown, William, Reports of Cases argued and determined in the High Court of Chancery . . . from 1778 to 1794 (London, 1819)

Bullough, Vern L. (ed.), Encyclopedia of Birth Control (Santa Barbara, California, 2001)

Campbell, J., Lives of the Lord Chancellors and Keepers of the Great Seal of England (London, 1868)

Carlisle, G. L., Grouse and Gun (London, 1983)

Chapman, Caroline, Elizabeth and Georgiana (London, 2002)

Chester, Joseph Lemuel, (ed.), The Marriage, Baptismal and Burial Registers of the Collegiate Church or Abbey of St. Peter, Westminster (London, 1875)

Clark, Alice, Gleanings from an Old Portfolio, containing some correspondence between Lady Louisa Stuart and her sister Caroline, Countess of Portarlington (Edinburgh, 1895-8)

Climenson, Emily J. (ed.), Elizabeth Montagu, The Queen of the Blue-Stockings, her correspondence from 1720 to 1761 (London, 1906)

Cokayne, George E., The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland (London, 1910-59)

Cole, William, A Journal of My Journey to Paris in the Year 1765 (London, 1931)

Colman, George and Garrick, David, The Clandestine Marriage (London, 1770)

Consett, Matthew, A Tour through Sweden, Swedish-Lapland, Finland and Denmark in a series of letters (London, 1789)

Cowper, J. M. and L. I. (eds), The King’s Own: The Story of a Royal Regiment (Oxford, 1939)

Craven, Elizabeth (afterwards Margravine of Brandenburg-Anspach-Bayreuth), The Beautiful Lady Craven (London, 1914)

Dale, Richard, Reminiscences of Stourfield in the 19th Century (Bournemouth, 1975)

Dasent, Arthur Irwin, A History of Grosvenor Square (London, 1935)

Dawson, Warren R. (ed), The Banks Letters: A Calendar of the Manuscript Correspondence of Sir Joseph Banks (London, 1958)

Defoe, Daniel, A Tour Thro’ the Whole Island of Great Britain (London, 1724)

Desmond, Ray, Dictionary of British and Irish Botanists and Horticulturalists (London, 1994)

Kew: The History of the Royal Botanic Gardens (London, 1995)

Dickens, Charles, The Adventures of Oliver Twist (London, 2004)

Bleak House (London, 1991)

David Copperfield (London, 1938)

Dickinson, H. T., Radical Politics in the North-East of England in the Later Eighteenth Century (Durham, 1979)

Dobrée, Bonamy (ed.), The Letters of Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield (London, 1932)

Dobson, Jessie, ‘John Hunter’s giraffe’, in Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England, 24 (1959), pp. 124-8

Doggett, Maeve E., Marriage, Wife-Beating and the law in Victorian England: ‘Sub Virga Viri’ (London, 1992)

Doran, John (ed.), A Lady of the Last Century (London, 1873)

Doyle, William, Origins of the French Revolution (Oxford, 1999)

Duckworth, Dennis, ‘The Log-book of William Paterson’ in Africana Notes and News, 12 (1957), pp. 191-97

Duncan, G. I. O., The High Court of Delegates (Cambridge, 1971)

Durham County Council, Streatlam and Gibside, the Bowes and Strathmore Families in County Durham (Durham, 1980)

Ellis, Joyce, ‘The “Black Indies”, the economic development of Newcastle, c. 1700-1840’, in Colls, Robert and Lancaster, Bill (eds), Newcastle upon Tyne, A Modern History (Chichester, 2001), pp. 1-26

Elwin, Malcolm, The Noels and the Milbankes: Their Letters for Twenty-five Years, 1767-1792 (London, 1967)

Ewing, J. C. and MacCallum, Andrew, Robert Graham, Twelfth of Fintry, Patron of Robert Burns (Glasgow, 1931)

Farrer, Mary, The Appeal of an Injured Wife against a Cruel Husband (London, 1788)

Farrington, Anthony, A Biographical Index of East India Company Maritime Service Officers 1600-1834 (London, 1999)

Faulkner, Thomas, An Historical and Topographical Description of Chelsea and its Environments (London, 1829)

Fe‘ret, Charles, Fulham Old and New (London, 1900)

Flinn, Michael W. and Stoker, David, The History of the British Coal Industry, vol. 2, 1700-1830: The Industrial Revolution (Oxford, 1984)

Foot, Jessé, The Lives of Andrew Robinson Bowes, Esq., and the Countess of Strathmore, written from Thirty-Three Years Professional Attendance, from Letters and other Well Authenticated Documents (London, 1812)

Foote, Samuel, The Nabob (London, 1778)

Forbes, Vernon S. and Rourke, John, Paterson’s Cape Travels 1777 to 1779 (Johannesburg, 1980)

Foreman, Amanda, Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire (London, 1998)

Fortescue, John (ed.), The Correspondence of George III from 1760 to December 1783 (London, 1927)

Foss, Edward, Biographical Dictionary of the Judges of England 1066-1870 (London, 1870)

Foyster, Elizabeth, Marital Violence: An English Family History, 1660-1857 (Cambridge, 2005)

—‘At the limits of liberty: married women and confinement in eighteenth-century England’ in Continuity and Change, 17 (1), (2002), pp. 39-62

Fyvie, John, Noble Dames and Notable Men of the Georgian Era (London, 1910)

Garlick, Kenneth and MacIntyre, Angus (eds), The Farington Diary (New Haven and London, 1978)

Gatrell, Vic, City of Laughter: Sex and Satire in Eighteenth-Century London (London, 2006)

John Gay, The Beggar’s Opera, Lewis, Peter Elfed (ed.), (Edinburgh, 1973) George, M. Dorothy, London Life in the Eighteenth Century (London, 1976)

Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires preserved in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum, vols 5-11 (London, 1952)

Gladwin, Irene, The Sheriff: The Man and his Office (London, 1974)

Graeme, Louisa, Or and Sable: a book of Graemes and Grahams (Edinburgh, 1903)

Grosley, Pierre Jean, A Tour to London; or New Observations on England, and its Inhabitants (London, 1772)

Gunn, Mary and Codd, L. E., Botanical Exploration of Southern Africa (Cape Town, 1981)

Habakkuk, John, Marriage, Debt, and the Estates System: English Landownership 1650-1950 (Oxford, 1994)

Halsband, Robert (ed.), The Complete Letters of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, (Oxford, 1965)

The Life of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (Oxford, 1956)

Hardy, Charles, John Bowes and the Bowes Museum (Newcastle upon Tyne, 1970)

Hare, Augustus J. C., The Story of My Life (London, 1896)

Hay, Douglas and Rogers, Nicholas, Eighteenth-Century English Society (Oxford, 1997)

Hay, Douglas and Snyder, Francis (eds), Policing and Prosecution in Britain 1750- 1850 (Oxford, 1989)

Hicks, Carola, Improper Pursuits: The Scandalous Life of Lady Di Beauclerk (London, 2001)

Hill, Bridget, Eighteenth-Century Women: An Anthology (London, 1984)

Hill, G. B. (ed.), Boswell’s Life of Johnson (Oxford, 1964)

Hindle, Wilfrid, The Morning Post, 1772-1937: Portrait of a Newspaper (London, 1937)

Home, J. A. (ed.), The Letters and Journals of Lady Mary Coke (Bath, Somerset, 1970)

Hudson, Margaret, ‘Pillar of Patriotism’, in Country Life, 156 (1979), pp. 2,460-1

Lady Ilchester and Lord Stavordale (eds), The Life and Letters of Lady Sarah Lennox, 1745-1826 (London, 1901)

Ingamells, John, A Dictionary of British and Irish Travellers in Italy, 1701-1800 (New Haven, London, 1997)

Innes-Smith, Robert, Glamis Castle (Derby, 2000)

Karsten, Mia C., ‘Francis Masson, a gardener-botanist who collected at the Cape’, in Journal of South African Botany, 25 (1959), pp. 283-310

Khan, Abdul Majed, The Transition in Bengal 1756-1775 (Cambridge, 1969)

Knowles, W. H., ‘Benwell Tower, Newcastle’, in Archaeologia Aeliana, 19 (3), (1922), pp. 89-98

Knox, Thomas R., ‘ “Bowes and Liberty”: The Newcastle by-election of 1777’, in Durham University Journal, 77 (1985), pp. 149-64

—‘“Peace for Ages to come”: the Newcastle elections of 1780 and 1784’, in Durham University Journal, 84 (1992), pp. 3-19

Landale, James, Duel: A True Story of Death and Honour (Edinburgh, 2005)

Lemmon, Kenneth, The Golden Age of Plant Hunters (London, 1968)

Lewis, Judith Schneid, In the Family Way: Childbearing in the British Aristocracy, 1760-1860 (New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1986)

Lewis, W. S. (ed.), The Yale Edition of Horace Walpole’s Correspondence (New Haven, 1937-61)

Lindsay, Ann, Seeds of Blood and Beauty: Scottish Plant Explorers (Edinburgh, 2005)

Litta, Pompeo, Famiglie celebri Italiane (Milan, 1819-74)

Lady Llanover (ed.), The autobiography and correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs Delany (London, 1862)

Lomas, S. C., ‘The manuscripts in the possession of Sir John James Graham, of Fintry, KCMG,’ in Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts, First Report, Report on Manuscripts in Various Collections (MC55) (Hereford, 1909), vol. 5, pp. 185-269

London County Council joint publishing committee (various eds), Survey of London (London, 1909-)

Longrigg, Roger, The History of Horse Racing (London, 1972)

Mack, Robert L., Thomas Gray: A Life (New Haven, London, 2000)

Marsh, Terry, The Pennine Mountains (London, 1989)

Massingberd, William Oswald, History of the Parish of Ormsby-cum-Ketsby (Lincoln, 1893)

Matthew, H. C. G, and Harrison, Brian, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, 2004)

McCreery, Cindy, The Satirical Gaze: Prints of Women in Later Eighteenth-Century England (Oxford, 2004)

Melikan, Rose A., John Scott, Lord Eldon, 1751-1838 (Cambridge, 1999)

Melville, Lewis and Hargreaves, Reginald, Famous Duels and Assassinations (London, 1929)

Middlebrook, Sydney, Newcastle upon Tyne, its Growth and Achievement, etc, (Yorkshire, 1968, first pub. 1950)

Millan, J., Annual Army List (London, 1763)

Millingen, John Gideon, The History of Duelling: including, narratives of the most remarkable personal encounters that have taken place from the earliest period to the present time (London, 1841)

Moore, Wendy, The Knife Man: The Extraordinary Life and Times of John Hunter, Father of Modern Surgery (London, 2005)

—‘The surgeon, the countess, her husband and his lover: John Hunter (1728-93) and the Countess of Strathmore (1749-1800)’ in Journal of Medical Biography, 15 (2007), pp. 131-3

Mosley, Charles (ed.), Burke’s Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage (Stokesley, 2003)

Mudie, Sir Francis and Walker, David, Mains Castle and the Grahams of Fintry (Dundee, 1964)

Munro, Jane, John Downman, 1750-1824 (Cambridge, 1996)

Myers, Sylvia Harcstark, The Bluestocking Circle: Women, Friendship, and the Life of the Mind in Eighteenth-Century England (Oxford, 1990)

Namier, Lewis and Brooke, John (eds), The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1754-90 (London, 1964)

O’Brian, Patrick, Joseph Banks (London, 1989)

Osborn, Emily (ed.), Political and Social Letters of a Lady of the Eighteenth-Century (the Hon. Mrs Osborn), 1721-1771 (London, 1890)

Paine, James, Plans, Elevations and Sections, of Noblemen and Gentlemen’s Houses (London, 1767)

Papendiek, Charlotte, Court and Private Life in the Time of Queen Charlotte, being the Journals of Mrs Papendiek, Assistant- Keeper of the Wardrobe and Reader to Her Majesty (London, 1887)

Paterson, William, A Narrative of Four Journeys into the Country of the Hottentots, and Caffraria, in the years 1777, 1778, 1779 (London, 1789, first ed.) and (London, 1790, second ed.)

Perry, Ruth, The Celebrated Mary Astell: An Early English Feminist (Chicago, 1986)

Phillips, Roderick, Putting Asunder: A History of Divorce in Western Society (Cambridge, 1988)

Untying the Knot: A Short History of Divorce (Cambridge, 1991)

Pinchbeck, Ivy and Hewitt, Margaret, Children in English Society (London, Toronto, 1969)

Pottle, Frederick A. (ed.), Boswell’s London Journal 1762-1763 (Edinburgh, 2000)

Price, Roger, A Concise History of France (Cambridge, 1993)

Ray, Gordon N., Thackeray, The Uses of Adversity, 1811-1846 (London, 1955)

Reichel, Oswald J. (ed.), ‘Extracts from a Devonshire Lady’s Notes of Travel in France in the Eighteenth Century’, reprinted from Transactions of the Devonshire Association for the Advancement of Science, Literature, and Art, 34 (1902), pp. 265-75

Rhodes, R. Crompton, Harlequin Sheridan: The Man and Legends (Oxford, 1933)

Riddle, John M., Eve’s Herbs: A History of Contraception and Abortion in the West (Cambridge, Mass., London, 1997)

Robinson, John Martin, The Dukes of Norfolk (Chichester, West Sussex, 1995)

Rowe, Nicholas, Tamerlane (London, 1784)

de Salignac, Francois de la Mothe-Fénelon, Instructions for the Education of a Daughter, trans. by George Hickes (London, 1713)

Savile, George, Marquis of Halifax, The Lady’s New-years Gift: or, advice to a daughter (London, 1688)

Schama, Simon, Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution (London, 2004)

Rough Crossings: Britain, the Slaves and the American Revolution (London, 2005)

Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, The School for Scandal and other plays (Oxford, 1998)

Sherwen, Russell, ‘Mary Eleanor Bowes, Countess of Strathmore, John Lyon, Ninth Earl of Strathmore, and George Gray’, in Durham Local History Society Bulletin, 43 (1989), pp. 25-34

Shorter, Edward, A History of Women’s Bodies (London, 1982)

Shteir, Ann B., Cultivating Women, Cultivating Science: Flora’s Daughters and Botany in England, 1760-1860 (Baltimore, London, 1996)

Simpson, A. W. (ed.), Biographical Dictionary of the Common Law (London, 1984)

Simpson, Helen (ed.), The Waiting City, Paris 1782-88 (London, 1933)

Slade, Harry Gordon, Glamis Castle (London, 2000)

Smith, Roland, On Foot in the Pennines (Newton Abbot, 1994)

Spencer, Alfred (ed.), Memoirs of William Hickey (London, 1913-25)

Sterne, Laurence, A Sentimental Journey through France and Italy (London, 1977)

Stone, Lawrence, Broken Lives: Separation and Divorce in England, 1660-1857 (Oxford, 1993)

The Family, Sex and Marriage in England, 1500-1800 (London, 1977)

Road to Divorce: A History of the Making and Breaking of Marriage in England, 1530-1987 (Oxford, 1995)

Stoney, Major F. S., Some Old Annals of the Stoney Family (London, 1879)

Surtees, Robert, The History of Antiquities of the County Palatine of Durham (London, 1816-1840)

Surtees, William, A Sketch of the Lives of Lords Stowell and Eldon (London, 1846)

Swinburne, Henry, The Courts of Europe at the Close of the Last Century (London, 1895)

Sykes, John, Local Records or Historical Records of Northumberland and Durham, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and Berwick-upon-Tweed (Stockton-on-Tees, 1973)

Taylor, John, Records of My Life (London, 1832)

Thackeray, William Makepeace, The Memoirs of Barry Lyndon, Esq. (Oxford, 1999)

Thornton, Colonel T., A Sporting Tour through Northern Parts of England, and great part of the Highlands of Scotland (London, 1804)

Thunberg, Carl Peter, Travels in Europe, Africa, and Asia made between the years 1770 and 1779 (London, 1796)

Tipping, H. Avray, ‘Streatlam Castle, Durham, a seat of the Earl of Strathmore’, in Country Life, 38 (1915), pp. 836-43

Todd, Janet, Mary Wollstonecraft: A Revolutionary Life (London, 2000)

Toynbee, Paget (ed.), The Correspondence of Gray, Walpole, West and Ashton1734- 1771 (Oxford, 1915)

Toynbee, Paget and Whibley, Leonard (eds), Correspondence of Thomas Gray (Oxford, 1935)

Turberville, A. S., A History of Welbeck Abbey and its Owners (London, 1938)

Twiss, Horace, The Public and Private Life of Lord Chancellor Eldon (London, 1846)

le Vaillant, Francois, Travels into the Interior Parts of Africa by the way of the Cape of Good Hope (Dublin, 1790)

Venn, J. A., Alumni Cantabrigienses (Cambridge, 1951)

Vickers, Hugo, Elizabeth, the Queen Mother (London, 2005)

Vincent, Benjamin (ed.), Haydn’s Dictionary of Dates (London, 1871)

Wadd, William, Mems. Maxims and Memoirs (London, 1827)

Weatherby, James, Racing Calendar 1779 (London, 1779)

Wheatley, Henry B. (ed.), The Historical and Posthumous Memories of Sir Nathaniel William Wraxall, 1772-1784 (London, 1884)

Williamson, George C., George Engleheart, 1750-1829 (London, 1902) —John Downman, ARA (London, 1907)

Wills, Margaret, Gibside and the Bowes Family (Chichester, 1995)

Wills, Margaret, and Garnett, Oliver, Gibside (London, 1999)

Willson, E. J., James Lee and the Vineyard Nursery Hammersmith (London, 1961)

Wollstonecraft, Mary, Maria in Todd, Janet (ed.), Mary and MariaMatilda (London, 2004)

Young, Arthur, A Six Months Tour through the North of England (London, 1770)

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