Books and Periodicals

The literature on the Plains Indians, the Battle of the Little Bighorn, and related subjects is vast, and fine bibliographies abound. A good choice for those with a vigorous interest in the Sioux would be Jack W. Marken and Herbert T. Hoover, Bibliography of the Sioux (Scarecrow Press, 1980). The list that follows is for the convenience of readers. It includes only those works frequently cited in this book. Many additional sources are identified in the notes. Much other material, including previously unpublished documents and letters, may be found at

Allen, Charles W. From Fort Laramie to Wounded Knee: In the West That Was. University of Nebraska Press, 1997.

Bettelyoun, Susan Bordeaux, and Josephine Waggoner. With My Own Eyes: A Lakota Woman Tells Her People’s Story. University of Nebraska Press, 1988.

Blish, Helen H. A Pictographic History of the Oglala Sioux. University of Nebraska Press, 1968.

Bourke, John G. On the Border with Crook. 1891. University of Nebraska Press, 1971.

Bratt, John. Trails of Yesterday. University of Nebraska Press, 1921.

Bray, Kingsley M. Crazy Horse: A Lakota Life. University of Oklahoma Press, 2006.

Brininstool, E. A. Crazy Horse: The Invincible Oglala Sioux Chief. Wetzel Publishing Co., 1949.

Brown, Dee. Fort Phil Kearny: An American Saga. G. P. Putnam, 1962.

Buechel, Eugene. Lakota Tales and Texts: In Translation. Tipi Press, 1998.

Buechel, Eugene, and Paul Manhart, eds. Lakota Dictionary. University of Nebraska Press, 2002.

Buecker, Thomas R. Fort Robinson and the American West, 1879–1899. Nebraska State Historical Society, 1999.

Buecker, Thomas R., and R. Eli Paul, eds. The Crazy Horse Surrender Ledger. Nebraska State Historical Society, 1994.

Burton, Matthew W. The River of Blood and the Valley of Death. The General’s Books, 1998.

Clark, Robert A., ed. The Killing of Chief Crazy Horse. 1976. University of Nebraska Press, 1988.

Clark, W. P. The Indian Sign Language. 1885. University of Nebraska Press, 1982.

Cozzens, Peter. The Long War for the Northern Plains: Eyewitnesses to the Indian Wars, 1865–1890. Stackpole Books, 2004.

Custer, General George Armstrong. My Life on the Plains: Or, Personal Experiences with Indians. Citadel Press, 1962.

DeBarthe, Joe. Life and Adventures of Frank Grouard. 1894. University of Oklahoma Press, 1958.

DeMallie, Raymond J., ed. The Sixth Grandfather: Black Elk’s Teachings Given to John G. Neihardt. University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

Densmore, Frances. Teton Sioux Music. Bulletin of American Ethnology, No. 61. Government Printing Office, 1918.

Eastman, Charles A. Indian Heroes and Great Chieftains. Dover, 1997.

Finerty, John F. War-Path and Bivouac: Or, the Conquest of the Sioux. 1890. University of Oklahoma Press, 1961.

Graham, W. A. The Custer Myth. Stackpole Books, 1953.

Gray, John S. Centennial Campaign: The Sioux War of 1876. Old Army Press, 1976.

______Custer’s Last Campaign: Mitch Boyer and the Little Bighorn Reconstructed. University of Nebraska Press, 1991.

Greene, Jerome A. Battles and Skirmishes of the Great Sioux War, 1876–1877: The Military View. University of Oklahoma Press, 1993.

______Lakota and Cheyenne: Indian Views of the Great Sioux War, 1876–1877. University of Oklahoma Press, 1994.

Grinnell, George Bird. The Fighting Cheyennes. 1915. University of Oklahoma Press, 1956.

Hardorff, Richard G., Hokahey! A Good Day to Die: The Indian Casualties of the Custer Fight. Arthur H. Clark, 1993.

_____The Oglala Lakota Crazy Horse: A Preliminary Genealogical Study. J. M. Carroll & Co., 1985.

Hardorff, Richard G., ed. Cheyenne Memories of the Custer Fight. 1995. University of Nebraska Press, 1998.

______Indian Views of the Custer Fight: A Source Book. Arthur H. Clark, 2004.

______Lakota Recollections of the Custer Fight: New Memories of Indian-Military History. 1991. University of Nebraska Press, 1997.

_____The Surrender and Death of Crazy Horse: A Source Book About a Tragic Episode in Lakota History. Arthur H. Clark, 1998.

Hassrick, Royal B. The Sioux. University of Oklahoma Press, 1964.

Hedren, Paul L. Fort Laramie and the Great Sioux War. 1988. University of Oklahoma Press, 1998.

Hinman, Eleanor H. Oglala Sources on the Life of Crazy Horse. Nebraska State Historical Society, 1976. Reprint from Nebraska History 57, no. 1 (spring 1976).

Humfreville, J. Lee. Twenty Years Among Our Savage Indians. Hartford Publishing Co., 1897.

Hutton, Paul Andrew. Phil Sheridan and His Army. 1985. University of Oklahoma Press, 1999.

Hyde, George E. Red Cloud’s Folk: A History of the Oglala Sioux Indians. University of Oklahoma Press, 1937.

___Spotted Tail’s Folk: A History of the Brulé Sioux. 1961. University of Oklahoma Press, 1976.

Jensen, Richard E., ed. Voices of the American West. Vol. 1: The Indian Interviews of Eli S. Ricker, 1903–1919. University of Nebraska Press, 2005.

______Voices of the American West. Vol. 2: The Soldier and Settler Interviews of Eli SRicker, 1903–1919. University of Nebraska Press, 2005.

Kadlecek, Edward, and Mabell Kadlecek. To Kill an Eagle: Indian Views on the Last Days of Crazy Horse. Johnson Books, 1982.

Krause, Herbert, and Gary D. Olson. Prelude to Glory: A Newspaper Accounting of Custer’s 1874 Expedition to the Black Hills. Brevet Books, 1974.

Liddic, Bruce R., and Paul Harbaugh. Custer & Company: Walter Camp’s Notes on the Custer Fight. University of Nebraska Press, 1998.

Mallery, Garrick. “Picture Writing of the American Indians.” Tenth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1888–1889.

Marquis, Thomas B., trans. Wooden Leg: A Warrior Who Fought Custer. University of Nebraska Press, n.d.; repr.

Mattes, Merrill J. The Great Platte River Road: The Covered Wagon Mainline via Fort Kearny to Fort Laramie. Nebraska State Historical Society, 1969.

McCreight, M. I. Chief Flying Hawk’s Tales: The True Story of Custer’s Last Fight. Alliance Press, 1936.

_______Firewater and Forked Tongues: A Sioux Chief Interprets U.S. History. Trail’s End Publishing Co., 1947.

McDermott, John D. Circle of Fire: The Indian War of 1865. Stackpole Books, 2003.

Mekeel, Scudder. The Economy of a Modern Teton Dakota Community. Yale University Publications in Anthropology, 1936.

Mills, Anson. My Story. Privately published, 1918.

North, Luther Heddon. Man of the Plains. Edited by Donald F. Danker. University of Nebraska Press, 1961.

Olson, James C. Red Cloud and the Sioux Problem. University of Nebraska Press, 1965.

Ostler, Jeffrey. The Plains Sioux and U.S. Colonialism from Lewis and Clark to Wounded Knee. Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Parkman, Francis. The Journals of Francis Parkman. Edited by Mason Wade. Harper & Brothers, 1947.

_______The Oregon Trail Journal. Edited by Mason Wade. Harper & Brothers, 1947.

Paul, R. Eli, ed. Autobiography of Red Cloud: War Leader of the Oglalas. Montana Historical Society Press, 1997.

Powell, Peter J. Sweet Medicine: The Continuing Role of the Sacred Arrows, the Sun Dance, and the Sacred Buffalo Hat in Northern Cheyenne History. University of Oklahoma Press, 1969.

Powers, William K., ed. “Colhoff Winter Count: 1759–1896,” American Indian Tradition 52, vol. 9, no. 1 (1963). A second text of the winter count is found in the Elmo Scott Watson Papers. This text runs from 1759 to 1945; it is missing entries for the years 1842–1893, but includes much important additional material in entries for the later years.

Robinson, Charles M. III. General Crook and the Western Frontier. University of Oklahoma Press, 2001.

Robinson, Charles M. III, ed. The Diaries of John Gregory Bourke. 4 vols. University of North Texas Press, 2003–2010.

Sandoz, Mari. Crazy Horse: The Strange Man of the Oglalas. Alfred A. Knopf, 1942.

Schmitt, Martin F., ed. General George Crook: His Autobiography. University of Oklahoma Press, 1946.

Scott, Hugh L. Some Memories of a Soldier. Century Co., 1928.

Sheridan, P. H. Personal Memoirs of P. H. Sheridan. Charles L. Webster & Co., 1888.

Smith, DeCost. Red Indian Experiences. George Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1949.

Standing Bear, Luther. Land of the Spotted Eagle. Houghton Mifflin, 1933.

______My People the Sioux. 1928. University of Nebraska Press, 1975.

Stands in Timber, John, and Margot Liberty. Cheyenne Memories. Yale University Press, 1967.

Tuttle, Edward B. Three Years on the Plains: Observations of Indians, 1867–1870. University of Oklahoma, 2002.

Utley, Robert M. The Lance and the Shield: The Life and Times of Sitting Bull. Henry Holt & Co., 1993.

Vestal, Stanley. Sitting Bull, Champion of the Sioux. 1932. University of Oklahoma Press, 1957.

______Warpath: The True Story of the Fighting Sioux Told in a Biography of Chief White Bull. 1934. University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

_____Warpath and Council Fire. Random House, 1948.

Walker, James R. Lakota Belief and Ritual. University of Nebraska Press, 1980.

_____Lakota Myth. University of Nebraska Press, 1983.

_____Lakota Society. University of Nebraska Press, 1982.

_____The Sun Dance and Other Ceremonies of the Oglala Division of the Teton Dakota. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, vol. 16, pt. 2, 1917.

Wissler, Clark. Societies and Ceremonial Associations in the Oglala Division of the Teton-Lakota. Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, vol. 11, pt. 1, 1912.

Young, Harry. Hard Knocks. Laird & Lee, 1915.


John Gregory Bourke Papers. Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, NE.

Luther Bradley Papers. U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA.

Walter Camp Papers. Brigham Young University, Provo, UT.

Walter S. Campbell (Stanley Vestal) Papers. University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma.

George Colhoff winter count. Elmo Scott Watson Papers, Newberry Library, Chicago, IL. Part of this winter count was published by William K. Powers in American Indian Tradition, vol. 9, no. 1 (1963).

James C. Cook Papers. Agate Springs Fossil Beds National Monument, Harrison, NE.

George Crook Papers. U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA.

Denver Library, Denver, CO.

Frey Family Papers. New-York Historical Society, New York, NY.

George Bird Grinnell Papers. Braun Research Library, Southwest Museum, Los Angeles, CA.

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center, Fremont, OH.

Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.

Vertical files, Fort Phil Kearny Library, Story, Wyoming.

Scudder Mekeel, Field Notes, 1931–1932. American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY.

National Archives, Washington, DC.

John Neihardt Papers. University of Missouri, Columbus, MO.

New York Public Library, New York, NY.

Don Russell Papers. Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Cody, WY.

Mari Sandoz Papers. Love Library, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE.

Carl Schurz Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Hugh Scott Papers. Library of Congress, Washington, DC.

Walter S. Schuyler Papers. Huntington Library, San Marino, CA.

South Dakota State Historical Society, Pierre, SD.

Josephine Waggoner Papers. Museum of the Fur Trade, Chadron, NE.

James Walker Papers. Colorado Historical Society, Denver, CO.

Elmo Scott Watson Papers. Newberry Library, Chicago, IL.

Clark Wissler, Field Notes, 1902, AMNH Expedition to Pine Ridge. American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY.

Western Americana Collection. Beinecke Library, Yale University, New Haven, CT.

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