Biographies & Memoirs



Allen, Everett S. Children of the Light: The Rise and Fall of New Bedford Whaling and the Death of the Arctic Fleet. Boston: Little, Brown, 1973.

Ambrose, Stephen E. Nothing Like It in the World: The Men Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad, 1863–1869. New York: Touchstone Books, 2001.

Anonymous, History of the Chemical National Bank 1823–1913, privately printed, New York, 1913.

Ashley, Clifford W. The Yankee Whaler. New York: Dover Publications, 1991. Reprint of 1942 edition.

Bedell, Barbara Fortin. Colonel Edward Howland Robinson Green and the World He Created at Round Hill. South Dartmouth: [self-published], 2003.

Black, Ladbroke. Some Queer People. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co., n.d.

Browne, William Bradford. The Babbitt Family History, 1643–1900. Taunton, Mass., 1912.

Bullard, John M. The Greens As I Knew Them. New Bedford, Mass.: Reynolds-De Walt Printers, 1964.

Collier, Peter, and David Horowitz. The Rockefellers: An American Dynasty. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1976.

Collins, Anne L., Virginia Lisai, and Louise Luring. Around Bel- lows Falls, Rockingham, Westminster, and Saxtons River. Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia Publishing, 2002.

Congdon, James Bunker. New Bedford, Massachusetts. New York: Jared W. Bell, printer, c. 1841.

Crapo, Henry Howland. Certain Comeoverers, 2 vols. New Bedford, Mass.: E. Anthony & Sons, 1912.

______. The New-Bedford Directory. New Bedford, Mass.: Press of Benjamin Lindsey, 1841.

______. The Story of William Wallace Crapo, 1830–1026″. Boston: Thomas Todd Co., Printers, 1942.

Crossen, Cynthia. The Rich and How They Got That Way. New York: Crown Business, 2000.

Dean, Sidney, ed. History of Banking and Banks. Boston: Pelham Studios, 1884.

Directory of Directors in the City of New York. Audit Company of New York, 1898.

Ellis, Leonard Bolles. History of New Bedford and Its Vicinity, 1602–1892. Syracuse, N.Y.: D. Mason & Co., 1892.

Emery, William M. The Howland Heirs: Being the Story of a Family and a Fortune and the Inheritance of a Trust Established for Mrs. Hetty H. R. Green. New Bedford, Mass.: E. Anthony & Sons, 1919.

______. New Bedford Lawyers of the Past Old Dartmouth Historical Society. Reprinted from the New Bedford Sunday Standard-Times, 1943–44.

Evans, Cerinda W. Collis Potter Huntington. Newport News, Va.: The Mariner’s Museum, 1954.

Evans, Thomas. An Exposition of the Faith of the Religious Society of Friends. Philadelphia: Kimber & Sharpless, 1828.

Flynn, John T. Men of Wealth: The Story of Twelve Significant Fortunes from the Renaissance to the Present Day. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1941.

Geisst, Charles R. Wall Street: A History. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Gordon, John Steele. The Great Game: The Emergence of Wall Street as a World Power, 1653–2000. New York: Touchstone Books, 2000.

Hayes, Lyman Simpson. History of the Town of Rockingham, Vermont 1751–1907. Bellows Falls, Vt.: published by the town, 1907.

Hazard, Thomas R. Recollections of Olden Times: Rowland Robinson of Narragansett and His Unfortunate Daughter. Newport, R.I.: John P. Sanborn, 1879.

History of the Chemical National Bank 1823–1913. Privately printed, 1913.

Holbrook, Stewart H. The Age of the Moguls. New York: Doubleday & Co., 1954.

Howland, Franklyn. A Brief Genealogical and Biographical History of Arthur, Henry, and John Howland and Their Descendants, of the United States and Canada. New Bedford, Mass.: privately published, 1885.

Kindleberger, Charles P. Manias, Panics, and Crashes: A History of Financial Crises. 4th ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2000.

King, Moses. King’s Notable New Yorkers, 1896–1899. New York: Orr Press, 1899.

Klepper, Michael, and Robert Gunther. The Wealthy 100: From Benjamin Franklin to Bill Gates—A Ranking of the Richest Americans, Past and Present. Seacaucus, N.J.: Carol Publishing Group, 1996.

Lavender, David. The Great Persuader. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Co., 1970.

Leonard, John William, ed. Who’s Who in Finance and Banking. New York: Joseph & Sefton, 1911.

Lewis, Arthur H. The Day They Shook the Plum Tree. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1963.

Lovell, Francies Stockwell, and Leverett C. Lovell. History of the Town of Rockingham, Vermont 1907–1957. Bellows Falls, Vt.: published by the town, 1958.

Melville, Herman. Moby Dick, or The Whale. New York: Library of America, 1983. Reprint of 1851 edition.

Myers, Gustavus. History of the Great American Fortunes. New York: Modern Library, 1936. Reprint of 1909 edition.

Nash, Jay Robert. Zanies: The World’s Greatest Eccentrics. Piscataway, N.J.: New Century Publishers, 1982.

Noyes, Alexander Dana. Forty Years of American Finance: 1865–1907. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1909.

Pease, Zephaniah W. The Diary of Samuel Rodman: A New Bedford Chronicle of Thirty-seven Years, 1821–1859. New Bedford, Mass.: Reynolds Printing Co., 1927.

Perrin, William F., Bernd Wursig, and J. G. M. Thewissen. Encylopedia of Marine Mammals. San Diego: Academic Press, 2002.

Philbrick, Nathaniel. In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whale-ship Essex. New York: Penguin Books, 2000.

Reed, St. Clair Griffin. A History of the Texas Railroads. New York: Arno Press, 1981. Reprint of 1941 edition.

The Robinsons and Their Kin Folk. Third Series. New York: published by the Robinson Family Genealogical and Historical Association, 1906.

Ross, Ishbell. Charmers and Cranks: Twelve Famous American Women Who Defied the Conventions. New York: Harper & Row, 1965.

Smith, Arthur D. Howden. Men Who Run America: A Study of the Capitalistic System and Its Trends Based on Thirty Case Histories. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1936.

Souvenir Edition of the Bellows Falls Times. Bellows Falls, Vt.: W. C. Belknap & Co., 1899. Local history.

Sparkes, Boyden, and Samuel Taylor Moore. Hetty Green: The Witch of Wall Street. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1935.

Stern, Robert M. New York 1900. New York: Rizzoli International Publishing, 1983.

Wall, Joseph Frazier. Andrew Carnegie. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1989. Reprint of 1970 edition.

Wilson, Neill C, and Frank J. Taylor. Southern Pacific: The Story of a Fighting Railroad. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1952.


Because Hetty Green was so widely covered during her own time, period newspapers and magazines were a vital resource, not just for the details they recount, but for the light they shed on how her contemporaries viewed her. I amassed hundreds of articles from dozens of newspapers, with the following newspapers providing the bulk of the material: New York World; New-York Daily Tribune, New York Sun, New York Times, Brooklyn Daily Eagle, New Bedford (Mass.) Morning Mercury, New Bedford (Mass.) Evening Standard, New-Bedford Gazette and Courier, the New Bedford (Mass.) Standard-Times, Bellows Falls (Vt.) Times. The New York Times proved to be a particularly valuable resource, thanks mainly to a marvelous computer search engine enabling researchers to search every issue from 1851 on, according to a word or phrase, and to print out a facsimile of the article. Professional researcher Roger D. Joslyn conducted the search on my behalf, sending me fat packets of articles every few days crammed not just with lengthy profiles, but obscure details on real estate deals, financial transactions, and even racehorses named for Hetty—few if any of which would have turned up in a traditional search of the New York Times Index.


Bradstreet, Elizabeth Anne. “Hetty H. R. Green Hall.” The Wellesley Magazine, April 1931.

Briggs, Ruth Lawrence (as told to Meras, Phyllis). “And Then There Was Uncle Ned.” Wellesley, spring 1988.

“The Burden of Money.” The Outlook, February 28, 1917. Hetty memorial.

“Col. Edward Howland Robinson Green.” New England Historical and Genealogical Register, vol. XC, July 1936. Obituary.

Cooper, Dan, and Brian Grinder. “Women on Wall Street: An Historical Perspective.” Financial History, no. 73, fall 2003.

Daggett, Mabel Potter. “Hetty Green: Mistress of Finance.” Broadway Magazine, January 1908.

Flynn, John T. “The Witch of Wall Street.” The Mentor, December 1929.

Glasscock, Jean. “The College and the Colonel.” Wellesley, spring 1988.

Gordon, John Steele. “The Fortunes of Hetty Green.” Audacity, summer 1996.

Green, Hetty. “Why Women Are Not Money Makers.” Harper’s Bazar, March 10, 1900.

Griswold, J. B. “A Rich Man Who Gets His Money’s Worth.” American Magazine, September 1933. Ned Green profile.

Henry, Sarah M. “The Strikers and Their Sympathizers: Brooklyn in the Trolley Strike of 1895.” Labor History, vol. 32, no. 3

“Hetty Green’s Philosophy.” Literary Digest, August 5, 1916.

Hodges, Leigh Mitchell. “The Richest Woman in America.” Ladies’ Home Journal, June 1900.

Lefevre, Edwin. “Mr. Williams and the Chemical National Bank,” publication unknown, 1902. From JP Morgan Chase Archives.

Menand, Louis. “She Had to Have It: The Heiress, the Fortune, and the Forgery.” New Yorker, April 23, 2001.

Nicholls, C. W. deLyon. “Hetty Green: A Character Study.” Business America, May 1913.

O’Quinn, Truemann. “Texas, Taxes, and Where Did Colonel Green Live?” Texas Bar Journal, September 1961.

Spencer, Miranda. “Money Mad.” Biography, August 1997.

Tolf, Robert W. “The Incredible Story of Hetty H. R. Green.” Wellesley, spring 1988.

Wyckoff, Peter. “Queen Midas: Hetty Robinson Green.” New England Quarterly, June 1950.


Anonymous, “An Open Letter: A Protest and a Petition, from a Citizen of California to the United States Congress,” 1895. Library of Congress.

Bolles, Mary Nims. Untitled paper with memories of Hetty’s daughter, Sylvia, by her lifelong friend. From the Arthur Lewis papers at Temple University.

Gelt, Joe, et al. “Water in the Tucson Area: Seeking Sustainability: A Status Report by the Water Resources Research Center, College of Agriculture, The University of Arizona,” 2002. Found at Web site:

Medeiros, Peggi. “Hetty Howland Robinson Greens Birthplace.” Unpublished paper in the collection of the Kendall Institute, New Bedford Whaling Museum.

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