Though the literature on the early history of printing is vast, there is no definitive, recent biography of Gutenberg in English. The best is Douglas Martin’s translation of Kapr. Probably the best biography in any language at present is Bechtel’s. German readers are well served by Andreas Venzke and Stephan Füssel. All of these acknowledge the primacy of Ruppel.

Febvre and Martin still provide the best history of the spread of printing post-Gutenberg. Elizabeth Eisenstein’s work is a wonderful guide to its impact. The most useful summary of Gutenberg and his world is the volume published by the City of Mainz for the millennial celebrations that also coincided with Gutenberg’s 600th birthday, in 2000. Janet Ing and Martin Davies provide authoritative, brief accounts of Gutenberg and the Bible. All these, except for the English version of Febvre and Martin, have excellent biographies.

The following are a selection of my main sources:

Agüera y Arcas, Blaise, ‘Temporary Matrices and Elemental Punches in Gutenberg’s DK Type’ in Incunabula and their Readers (ed. Kristian Jensen), The British Library, London, 2003.

American Cusanus Society Newsletter, Long Island University, Brookville, NY.

Bechtel, Guy, Gutenberg et l’invention de l’imprimerie, Paris, 1992.

Bett, Henry, Nicholas of Cusa, London, 1932.

Blake, Norman. Caxton: England’s First Publisher, London, 1976.

Blum, Rudolf, Der Prozess Fust gegen Gutenberg, Wiesbaden, 1954 (useful for the Middle High German text).

Bockenheimer, K.G., Gutenberg-Feier in Mainz 1900: Festschrift, Mainz, 1900.

Carter, Harry, A View of Early Typography Up to About 1600, Oxford, 1969.

Chappell, Warren and Robert Bringhurst, A Short History of the Printed Word, Vancouver, 1970, 1999.

Christianson, Gerald and Thomas Izbicki (eds.), Nicholas of Cusa in Search of God and Wisdom: Essays in honour of Morimichi Watanabe by the American Cusanus Society, Leiden and New York, 1991.

Colonna, Francesco, Hypnerotomachia Poliphili, Translated by Joscelyn Godwin, London, 1999.

Cooper, Denis, The Art and Craft of Coinmaking, London, 1988.

Daniell, David, William Tyndale: A Biography, New Haven and London, 1994.

Davies, Martin, Aldus Manutius: Printer and Publisher of Renaissance Venice, London, 1995.

Davies, Martin, The Gutenberg Bible, London, 1996.

Du Boulay, F.R.H., Germany in the Later Middle Ages, London, 1983.

Duggan, Mary Kay, Politics and Text: Bringing the Liturgy to Print, Gutenberg-Jahrbuch, Summer 2001 (pre-publication draft).

Eisenstein, Elizabeth, The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe, Cambridge, 1983 (with many reprints), abridged from her two-volume work, The Printing Press as an Agent of Change.

Febvre, Lucian and Henri-Jean Martin, The Coming of the Book. London, 1997 (from the French, L’Apparition du Livre, Paris, 1958).

Füssel, Stephan, Johannes Gutenberg, Hamburg, 1999.

Geldner, Ferdinand, Die Deutschen Inkunabel-Drucker, Stuttgart, 1970.

Gutenberg-Jahrbuch, Gutenberg Society, Mainz. Vital for up-to-date advances in Gutenberg research.

Hellinga, Lotte, Caxton in Focus, London, 1982.

Hopkins, Jasper, A Concise Introduction to the Philosophy of Nicholas of Cusa, Minneapolis, 1978.

Ing, Janet, Johann Gutenberg and His Bible, New York, 1988.

Kapr, Albert, Johann Gutenberg: The Man and His Invention, Aldershot (Hants), 1996. Translated by Douglas Martin. This English translation is one of those books that actually gains in translation. Kapr’s original is Johannes Gutenberg: Persönlichkeit und Leistung, Leipzig, 1986 and Munich, 1987. This incorporates his many contributions to the Gutenberg-Jahrbuch.

Lefaivre, Liane, Leon Battista Alberti’s Hypnerotomachia Poliphili: Recognizing the Architectural Body in the Early Italian Renaissance, Cambridge, Mass., 1997.

Mainz (City of), Gutenberg: Man of the Millennium, Mainz, 2000. Wellillustrated and expert abridgement in English and German of its massive Exhibition Catalogue (only in German).

McCluhan, Marshall, The Gutenberg Galaxy, Toronto, 1966, and often reprinted. (A non-narrative hodge-podge by turns baffling and stimulating.)

McMurtrie, Douglas, The Gutenberg Documents, Oxford, 1941.

Marius, Richard, Martin Luther: The Christian Between God and Death, Cambridge, Mass., 1999.

Moxon, Joseph, Mechanick Exercises in the Whole Art of Printing, ed.: Herbert Davies and Harry Carter, Oxford, 1958.

Piccolomini, Aeneas Silvius (Pius II). The History of Two Lovers, Barnabe Riche Society, Ottawa, 1999. This has updated spelling. For the original spelling, see The Goodli History of the Lady Lucres of Scene and of her Lover Eurialus, Oxford, 1996.

Reitzel, Adam, Die Renaissance Gutenbergs, Mainz, 1968.

Robinson, Francis, Islam and the Impact of Print in South Asia in Nigel Crook (ed.), The Transmission of Knowledge in South Asia, Oxford, 1996.

Ruppel, Aloys, Johannes Gutenberg: Sein Leben und sein Werk, 1939 (and many other important contributions).

Schartl, Reinhard, Johannes Fust und Johannes Gutenberg in zwei Verfahren vor dem Frankfurter Schöffengericht, Gutenberg-Jahrbuch, Mainz, 2001.

Scholderer, Johann Gutenberg: The Inventor of Printing, London, 1963.

Seidenberger, Dr J.B., Die Zunftkämpfe in Mainz und der Anteil der Familie Gensfleisch, Mainz, 1900.

Sigmund, Paul, Nicholas of Cusa and Medieval Political Thought, Cambridge, Mass., 1963.

Smeijers, Fred, Counterpunch, London, 1996.

Sohn, Pow-Key, Printing in China and Early Korean Printing in Hans Widmann (ed.), Der Gegenwärtige Stand der Gutenberg-Forschung, Stuttgart, 1972.

Sprenger, Kai-Michael, ‘voluminus tamen . . .’ (on Gutenberg’s possible publication of indulgences for Nicholas of Cusa), Gutenberg-Jahrbuch, 2000.

Tyndale, William, The New Testament, London 2000.

Venzke, Andreas, Johannes Gutenberg: Der Erfinder des Buchdrucks und seine Zeit, Munich and Zurich, 1993.

Watts, Pauline Moffitt, Nicolaus Cusanus: A Fifteenth-Century Vision of Man, Leiden, 1982.

Wilson, Adrian, The Making of the Nuremberg Chronicle, Amsterdam, 1976.

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