List of Consuls

Year

First consul

Second consul

16 BCE

L. Domitius Ahenobarbus

P. Cornelius Scipio

suff.

 

L. Tarius Rufus

15

M. Livius Drusus Libo

L. Calpurnius Piso

14

M. Licinius Crassus Frugi

Cn. Cornelius Lentulus Augur

13

Ti. Claudius Nero I

P. Quinctilius Varus

12

M. Valerius Messalla Appianus

P. Sulpicius Quirinius

suff.

C. Valgius Rufus

 

suff.

L. Volusius Saturninus

 

suff.

C. Caninius Rebilus

 

11

Q. Aelius Tubero

Paullus Fabius Maximus

10

Africanus Fabius Maximus

Iulius Antonius

  9

Nero Claudius Drusus

T. Quinctius Crispinus Sulpicianus

  8

C. Marcius Censorinus

C. Asinius Gallus

  7

Ti. Claudius Nero II

Cn. Calpurnius Piso

  6

D. Laelius Balbus

C. Antistius Vetus

  5

Imp. Caesar Divi f. Augustus XII

L. Cornelius Sulla

suff.

L. Vinicius

Q. Haterius

suff.

C. Sulpicius Galba

 

  4

C. Calvisius Sabinus

L. Passienus Rufus

suff.

C. Caelius (Rufus?)

Galus Sulpicius

  3

L. Cornelius Lentulus

M. Valerius Messalla Messallinus

  2

Imp. Caesar Divi f. Augustus XIII

M. Plautius Silvanus

suff.

C. Fufius Geminus

L. Caninius Gallus

suff.

Q. Fabricius

 

1 BCE

Cossus Cornelius Lentulus

L. Calpurnius Piso

suff.

A. Plautius

A. Caecina Severus

1 CE

C. Iulius Caesar

L. Aemilius Paullus

suff.

 

M. Herennius Picens

  2

P. Vinicius

P. Alfenus Varus

suff.

P. Cornelius Lentulus Scipio

T. Quinctius Crispinus Valerianus

  3

L. Aelius Lamia

M. Servilius

suff.

P. Silius

L. Volusius Saturninus

  4

Sex. Aelius Catus

C. Sentius Saturninus

suff.

C. Clodius Licinus

Cn. Sentius Saturninus

  5

L. Valerius Messalla Volesus

Cn. Cornelius Cinna Magnus

suff.

C. Vibius Postumus

C. Ateius Capito

  6

M. Aemilius Lepidus

L. Arruntius

suff.

 

L. Nonius Asprenas

  7

Q. Caecilius Metellus Creticus Silanus

A. Licinius Nerva Silianus

suff.

 

Lucilius Longus

  8

M. Furius Camillus

Sex. Nonius Quinctilianus

suff.

L. Apronius

A. Vibius Habitus

  9

C. Poppaeus Sabinus

Q. Sulpicius Camerinus

suff.

Q. Poppaeus Secundus

M. Papius Mutilus

10

P. Cornelius Dolabella

C. Iunius Silanus

suff.

Ser. Cornelius Lentulus Maluginensis

Q. Iunius Blaesus

11

M’. Aemilius Lepidus

T. Statilius Taurus

suff.

L. Cassius Longinus

 

12

Germanicus Iulius Caesar

C. Fonteius Capito

suff.

 

C. Visellius Varro

13

C. Silius A. Caecina Largus

L. Munatius Plancus

14

Sex. Pompeius

Sex. Appuleius

15

Drusus Iulius Caesar

C. Norbanus Flaccus

 

(January-December)

(January-June)

suff.

M. Iunius Silanus (July-December)

 

16

Sisenna Statilius Taurus

L. Scribonius Libo

suff.

P. Pomponius Graecinus

C. Vibius Rufus

17

L. Pomponius Flaccus

C. Caelius Rufus

suff.

C. Vibius Marsus

L. Voluseius Proculus

18

Ti. Caesar Augustus III

Germanicus Iulius Caesar II

 

(January)

(January-April)

suff.

L. Seius Tubero (February-July)

Livineius Regulus (May-July)

suff.

C. Rubellius Blandus

M. Vipstanus Gallus

 

(Augus t-D ecemb er)

(August-D ecember)

19

M. Iunius Silanus Torquatus

L. Norbanus Balbus

 

(January-December)

(January-April)

suff.

P. Petronius (May-December)

 

20

M. Valerius Messala Barbatus Messalinus

M. Aurelius Cotta Maximus Messalinus

     

suff. = Suffect Consul.

   

Roman Names

This is the official name of a centurion of legio XIIX preserved on an inscription, now in the Rheinisches Landesmuseum in Bonn, Germany (CIL 13.8648. ILS 2244). His name embodies the elements of Roman naming practice. It translates as ‘Marcus Caelius, son of Titus, of the voting tribe of Lemonia, from Bononia’. Marcus is his forename (praenomen) by which his family and close friends called him. In inscriptions, public records and narrative texts, it was abbreviated. The standard abbreviations for commonpraenomina were:

A.

Aulus

Ap.

Appius

C. or G.

Caius or Gaius

Cn. or Gn.

Cnaeus or Gnaeus

D.

Decimus

L.

Lucius

M.

Marcus

Mam.

Mamius

M’.

Manius

P

Publius

Q

Quintus

Ser

Servius

Sex

Sextus

Sp.

Spurius

T.

Titus

Ti.

Tiberius

Caelius is his clan or family name (nomen gentile). Many of these clans such as the Claudia and Cornelia were famous old families of Rome with proud traditions. Then follows the filiation or patronymic of the father’s praenomen, whose full name would have been Titus Caelius. As a Roman citizen, his family was associated with one of thirty-five voting tribes: in elections, Caelius voted with the Lemonian tribe. The final element is the place of his birth (origo) or domicile (domus), which is, in this case, Bononia, modern Bologna in Italy. Together, these distinguished this particular Marcus Caelius from another bearing the same name. To clearly tell men apart with the same name, with their warped sense of humour, Romans often adopted a third nickname (cognomen) such as Rufus (‘red haired’), Paulus (‘shorty’) or Brutus (‘stupid’). Men who had achieved great victories in war might be granted use of an honorific title agnomen such as Africanus (‘the African’ or ‘of Africa’) or Britannicus (‘the Briton’ or ‘of Britannia’), indicating where it was won.

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