Ancient History & Civilisation

BIBLIOGRAPHY

SOURCES FOR TRANSLATIONS

In this book, the translations from ancient texts are the author’s own, except where stated. The citations below give the publications or editions from which the author translated.

ABBREVIATIONS

FHN: Tormod Eide et al. (eds.), Fontes Historiae Nubiorum: Textual Sources for the History of the Middle Nile Region Between the Eighth Century BC and the Sixth Century AD, vol. 1, From the Eighth to the Mid-Fifth Century BC (Bergen, Norway, 1994).

KRI: Kenneth Kitchen, Ramesside Inscriptions, Historical and Biographical, 8 vols. (Oxford, 1969–1990).

Lesestücke: Kurt Sethe, Ägyptische Lesestücke (Leipzig, 1924).

Urkunden I: Kurt Sethe, Urkunden des ägyptischen Altertums, Abteilung I: Urkunden des alten Reiches, 2nd ed. (Leipzig, Berlin, 1932–1933).

Urkunden II: Kurt Sethe, Urkunden des ägyptischen Altertums, Abteilung II: Hieroglyphische Urkunden der griechisch-römischen Zeit (Leipzig, 1904).

Urkunden IV: Kurt Sethe (later volumes compiled by Wolfgang Helck), Urkunden des ägyptischen Altertums, Abteilung IV: Urkunden der 18. Dynastie (Leipzig, Berlin, 1906–1958).

Urkunden V: Georg Steindorff, Urkunden des ägyptisches Altertums, Abteilung V: Ausgewahlte Texte des Totenbuches (Leipzig, 1915).

Urkunden VII: Kurt Sethe, Urkunden des ägyptischen Altertums, Abteilung VII: Historisch-Biographische Urkunden des Mittleren Reiches (Leipzig, 1935).

TRANSLATED MATERIAL

Ahmose, son of Abana, tomb inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 1–11.

Ahmose, Karnak stela: Urkunden IV, pp. 14–24.

Ahmose, Serapeum stela: Georges Posener, La première domination perse en Égypte (Cairo, 1946), pp. 41–46.

Ahmose, Tempest stela: Claude Vandersleyen, “Une tempête sous la règne d’Amosis,” Revue d’Égyptologie, 19 (1967), pp. 123–159.

Ahmose, Tetisheri stela: Urkunden IV, pp. 26–29.

Ahmose, Tura limestone quarry inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 24–25.

Akhenaten, earlier foundation inscription (boundary stelae K, X, and M): Maj Sandman (ed.), Texts from the Time of Akhenaten (Brussels, 1938), no. CXIX, pp. 103–118.

Akhenaten, later foundation inscription (boundary stelae A, B, J, N, Q, R, S, and U): Maj Sandman (ed.), Texts, no. CXX, pp. 119–131; Urkunden IV, pp. 1981–1990.

Amenhotep II, Great Sphinx stela: Urkunden IV, pp. 1276–1283.

Amenhotep II, Medamud inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 1322–1323.

Amenhotep II, Memphis stela: Urkunden IV, pp. 1300–1309.

Amenhotep III, bull-hunt scarab: Urkunden IV, p. 1738.

Amenhotep III, divine birth inscription, Luxor Temple: Urkunden IV, pp. 1713–1721.

Amenhotep III, marriage scarab: Urkunden IV, p. 1738.

Amenhotep III, Kom el-Hetan stela: Urkunden IV, pp. 1646–1657.

Ankhtifi, tomb inscription: Jacques Vandier, Mo‘alla: La tombe d’Ankhtifi et la tombe de Sébekhotep (Cairo, 1950).

Atu, scribal palette: Wolfgang Helck, Historisch-Biographische Texte der 2. Zwischenzeit und Neue Texte der 18. Dynastie (Wiesbaden, 1975), no. 85, pp. 57–58.

Bay, Gebel el-Silsila inscription: KRI, vol. IV, p. 371.

Bible, Revised Standard Version (London, 1979).

Book of the Dead, Chapter 6: Edouard Naville, Das Aegyptische Todtenbuch der XVIII. bis XX. Dynastie, vol. 1 (Berlin, 1886).

Book of the Dead, Chapter 17: Urkunden V.

Carnarvon Tablet no. 1: Alan Gardiner, “The Defeat of the Hyksos by Kamose: The Carnarvon Tablet, No. 1,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 3 (1916), pp. 95–110.

Coffin Texts: Adriaan de Buck, The Egyptian Coffin Texts, 8 vols. (Chicago, 1935–1961).

Cycle of Hymns to Senusret III: Lesestücke, pp. 65–67.

Dediqu, stela inscription: Heinrich Schäfer, “Ein Zug nach der grossen Oase unter Sesostris I.,” Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde, 42 (1905), pp. 124–128.

Djari, funerary stela: W. M. Flinders Petrie, Qurneh (London, 1909), plate II.

Djemi, funerary stela: Hans Goedicke, “The Inscription of Dmi,Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 19 (1960), pp. 288–291.

Great Harris Papyrus I: W. Erichsen, Papyrus Harris I: Hieroglyphische Transkription (Brussels, 1933).

Great Hymn to the Aten: Maj Sandman (ed.), Texts, no. CXIII, pp. 93–96.

Harkhuf, tomb inscription: Urkunden I, pp. 120–131.

Hatnub inscriptions: Rudolf Anthes, Die Felseninschriften von Hatnub (Leipzig, 1928).

Hatshepsut, Karnak obelisk inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 356–373.

Henenu, funerary stela: William Hayes, “Career of the Great Steward Henenu Under Nebhepetre¯‘ Mentuhotpe,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 35 (1949), pp. 43–49.

Herodotus: The Histories, translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt, revised by A. R. Burn (Harmondsworth, England, 1972).

Hetepi, funerary stela: Gawdat Gabra, “Preliminary Report on the Stela of Htpi from El-Kab from the Time of Wahankh Inyôtef II,” Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Abteilung Kairo, 32 (1976), pp. 45–56.

Horemheb, coronation inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 2113–2120.

Horemheb, edict: Urkunden IV, pp. 2140–2162.

Huya, tomb inscription: Maj Sandman (ed.), Texts, nos. XXXVI–L, pp. 33–43; Norman de Garis Davies, The Rock Tombs of El Amarna, part III (London, 1903–1908).

Hymn to Amun: Pascal Vernus, “Choix de texts illustrant le temps des rois tanites et libyens,” in Ministère des Affaires Étrangères/Association Française d’Action Artistique, Tanis: L’or des pharaons (Paris, 1987), no. 1, pp. 103–104.

Ineni, tomb inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 59–60.

Installation of the vizier, from the tomb inscription of Rekhmira: Urkunden IV, pp. 1085–1093.

Instruction for King Merikara, The: Wolfgang Helck, Die Lehre für König Merikare (Wiesbaden, 1977).

Instruction of Amenemhat I for His Son, The: Wolfgang Helck, Der Text der “Lehre Amenemhets I. für seinen Sohn” (Wiesbaden, 1969).

Intef, funerary stela from Naga el-Deir: Henry Fischer, Inscriptions from the Coptite Nome, Dynasties VI–XI (Rome, 1964), no. 43, pp. 106–111.

Intef, stela: Henry Fischer, Dendera in the Third Millennium B.C. (Locust Valley, 1968), p. 200, fig. 39.

Intef II, funerary stela: Gay Robins, The Art of Ancient Egypt, fig. 83, p. 85.

Intef V, Coptos stela: Wolfgang Helck, Historisch-Biographische Texte, no. 106, pp. 73–74.

Intefiqer, Wadi el-Girgawi inscription: Zbyneˇk Žába, The Rock Inscriptions of Lower Nubia (Czechoslovak Concession) (Prague, 1974), no. 73, pp. 98–109.

Iti, funerary stela: H. O. Lange and H. Schäfer, Grab- und Denksteine des Mittleren Reichs im Museum von Kairo No. 20001–20780 (Berlin: Reichsdruckerei, 1902), vol. 1, pp. 1–2, and vol. 4, plate 1.

Ka, funerary stela: Torgny Säve-Söderbergh, “A Buhen Stela from the Second Intermediate Period (Khartum No. 18),” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 35 (1949), pp. 50–58, fig. 1.

Kamose, victory stela from Thebes: Labib Habachi, The Second Stela of Kamose and His Struggle Against the Hyksos Ruler and His Capital (Glückstadt, Germany, 1972).

Kay, funerary stela: Rudolf Anthes, “Eine Polizeistreife des Mitleren Reiches in die westlichen Oase,” Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde, 65 (1930), pp. 108–114.

Kheruef, tomb inscription: The Epigraphic Survey, The Tomb of Kheruef (Chicago, 1980).

Kheti I, tomb inscription: Hellmut Brunner, Die Texte aus den Gräbern der Herakleopolitenzeit von Siut (Glückstadt, Hamburg, and New York, 1937).

Khnumhotep I, biographical inscription: Urkunden VII, pp. 11–12.

Loyalist Instruction, The: Georges Posener, L’enseignement loyaliste: Sagesse égyptienne de Moyen Empire (Geneva, 1976).

Mahu, tomb inscription: Maj Sandman (ed.), Texts, nos. LXII–LXIX, pp. 50–54; Norman de Garis Davies, The Rock Tombs of El Amarna, part IV.

Menkheperra, Banishment Stela: Jürgen von Beckerath, “Die ‘Stele der Verbannten’ im Museum des Louvre,” Revue d’Egyptologie, 20 (1968), pp. 7–36.

Mentuhotep IV, Wadi Hammamat inscription: J. Couyat and Pierre Montet, Les inscriptions hiéroglyphiques et hiératiques du Ouâdi Hammâmât, 2 vols. (Cairo, 1912–1913), no. 110, pp. 77–78 and plate XXIX.

Mentuhotepi, Karnak stela: Pascal Vernus, “La stèle du pharaon Mntw-htpi à Karnak: Un nouveau témoignage sur la situation politique et militaire au début de la D.P.I.,” Revue d’Égyptologie, 40 (1989), pp. 146–161.

Merenptah, great Karnak inscription: Colleen Manassa, The Great Karnak Inscription of Merneptah: Grand Strategy in the 13th Century BC (New Haven, Conn., 2003).

Merenptah, Libyan inscription: KRI, vol. IV, pp. 2–12.

Merer, funerary stela: Jaroslav Černy´, “The Stela of Merer in Cracow,” Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 47 (1961), pp. 5–9 and plate 1.

Meryra I, tomb inscription: Maj Sandman (ed.), Texts, nos. I–XIV, pp. 1–21; Norman de Garis Davies, The Rock Tombs of El Amarna, part I.

Min, tomb inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 976–980.

Nakhtnebef, Hermopolis stela: H. De Meulenaere, “La famille royale des Nectanébo,” Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde, 90 (1963), pp. 90–93.

Nakhtnebef, Naukratis stela: Adolf Erman and Ulrich Wilcken, “Die Naukratisstele,” Zeitschrift für Ägyptische Sprache und Altertumskunde, 38 (1900), pp. 127–135.

Neferhotep III, Karnak inscription: Wolfgang Helck, Historisch-Biographische Texte, no. 62, p. 45.

Ostracon O.IFAO 1864: Pierre Grandet, “L’exécution du chancelier Bay: O.IFAO 1864,” Bulletin de l’Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale, 100 (2000), pp. 339–345.

Papyrus Amherst: Eric Peet, The Great Tomb-Robberies of the Twentieth Egyptian Dynasty (Oxford, 1930), plates IV–V.

Papyrus BM 10052: Eric Peet, The Great Tomb-Robberies, plates XXV–XXXV.

Piankhi, victory stela: Nicolas Grimal, La stèle triomphale de Pi(‘ankh)y au musée du Caire JE 48862 et 47086–47089 (Cairo, 1981).

Priestly annals at Karnak: Jean-Marie Kruchten, Les annales des prêtres de Karnak (XXI–XXIIImes dynasties) et autres texts contemporains relatifs à l’initiation des prêtres d’Amon (Leuven, Belgium, 1989).

Prophecies of Neferti, The: Wolfgang Helck, Die Prophezeihung des Nfr.tj (Wiesbaden, 1970).

Psamtek II, Shellal stela: Charles Bonnet and Dominique Valbelle, The Nubian Pharaohs (Cairo and New York, 2005), p. 166.

Ptolemy (I), Satrap stela: Urkunden II, pp. 11–22.

Pyramid Texts: Kurt Sethe, Die altägyptischen Pyramidentexte, 4 vols. (Leipzig, 1908–1922).

Qenamun, tomb inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 1385–1406.

Rahotep, Coptos stela: Wolfgang Helck, Historisch-Biographische Texte, no. 87, pp. 59–60.

Ramesses II, Battle of Kadesh “poem”: KRI, vol. II, pp. 2–64.

Ramesses II, first Hittite marriage inscription: KRI, vol. II, pp. 233–256.

Ramesses II, treaty with the Hittites: KRI, vol. II, pp. 225–232.

Ramesses III, Deir el-Medina stela: KRI, vol. V, pp. 90–91.

Ramesses III, great inscription of year eight, Medinet Habu: KRI, vol. V, pp. 37–43.

Ramesses III, harem scenes, Medinet Habu: KRI, vol. V, p. 295.

Ramesses III, Turin Judicial Papyrus: KRI, vol. V, pp. 350–360.

Ramesses III, Turin Strike Papyrus: Alan Gardiner (ed.), Ramesside Administrative Documents (London, 1948), no. XVIII, pp. 45–58.

Ramesses IV, great Abydos stela: KRI, vol. VI, pp. 17–20.

Ramesses IV, second Abydos stela: KRI, vol. VI, pp. 20–25.

Ramesses IV, Wadi Hammamat inscription of year three: KRI, vol. VI, pp. 12–14.

Rekhmira, biographical inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 1071–1085.

Satire of the Trades: Wolfgang Helck, Die Lehre des Dw3-Htjj (Wiesbaden, 1970).

Senenmut, Karnak statue inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 407–415.

Sennefer, tomb inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 1417–1434.

Senusret III, Semna stela: Lesestücke, pp. 83–84.

Sethnakht, Elephantine stela: KRI, vol. V, pp. 671–672.

Seti I, Kanais temple inscription: KRI, vol. I, pp. 65–70.

Seti I, Nauri Decree: KRI, vol. I, pp. 45–58.

Shabaqo, commemorative scarab: FHN, no. 14, pp. 123–125.

Sobeknakht, autobiographical inscription: Vivian Davies, “Sobeknakht of Elkab and the Coming of Kush,” Egyptian Archaeology, 23 (2003), pp. 3–6.

Soped-her, funerary stela: Torgny Säve-Söderbergh, “A Buhen Stela,” fig. 2.

Taharqo, desert stela: FHN, no. 23, pp. 158–163.

Taharqo, Kawa stela of year six: FHN, no. 22, pp. 145–158.

Tale of Sinuhe, The: Lesestücke, pp. 3–17.

Tanutamun, dream stela: FHN, no. 29, pp. 193–209.

Thutmose I, Abydos stela: Urkunden IV, pp. 94–103.

Thutmose I, Tombos victory inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 82–86.

Thutmose III, Megiddo inscription from Karnak: Urkunden IV, pp. 647–667.

Thutmose III, obelisk inscription: Urkunden IV, pp. 586–587.

Tjauti, desert inscription: John and Deborah Darnell, Theban Desert Road Survey in the Egyptian Western Desert, vol. 1, Gebel Tjauti Rock Inscriptions 1–45 and Wadi el-Hôl Rock Inscriptions 1–45 (Chicago, 2002), pp. 30–37.

Tjauti, false door: Henry Fischer, Inscriptions from the Coplite Name, plate XIV, no. 14.

Tjetji, funerary stela: Gay Robins, The Art of Ancient Egypt, fig. 85, p. 86.

Tutankhamun, restoration stela: Urkunden IV, pp. 2025–2032.

Tutu, tomb inscription: Maj Sandman (ed.), Texts, nos. XCVII–CIX, pp. 70–87; Norman de Garis Davies, The Rock Tombs of El Amarna, part VI.

Wedjahorresnet, statue inscription: Georges Posener, La première domination perse en Égypte (Cairo, 1936), pp. 1–29.

Weni, autobiographical inscription: Urkunden I, pp. 98–110.

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