Ancient History & Civilisation

LISTS OF SOME EASTERN MONARCHS

Note: The exact dates of many, or most, of the
Parthian and Armenian reigns are uncertain.

KINGS OF PARTHIA

Phraates IV

C. 38–2. B.C.

Tiridates II

31–25

Phraates V (Phraataces)

2. B.C.–A.D. 4 or 6

Orodes III

short reign round about A.D. 6 or 7

Vonones I(Roman nominee)

A.D. 8/9–11/12

Artabanus III

11/12–38

Phraates VI (Roman nominee)

35

Tiridates III (Roman nominee)

35–6

? Cinnamus

37

Gotarzes II

38–40

Vardanes I

38/40–45/6

Gotarzes II (restored)

45/6–51

Meherdates (Roman nominee)

49

Vonones II

51

Vologeses I

51–77

Son of Vardanes I

55–8

KINGS OF ARMENIA

Artavasdes I

56–34 B.C.

Artaxias II

33–20

Tigranes II (Roman nominee)

20–7

Tigranes III and Queen Erato

7 B.C.–A.D. 2

Artavasdes II (Roman nominee)

3–1 B.C.

Ariobarzanes (Roman nominee)

A.D. 2–4

Artavasdes III (Roman nominee)

? 4–6

Tigranes IV (Roman nominee)

short reign between A.D. 6 and 12

Queen Erato (restored)

short reign before or after Tigranes IV

Interregnum

A.D. ?–12

Vonones (from Parthian throne)

12–16

Orodes

16–18

Artaxias III (from Pontus) (Roman nominee)

18–34

‘Arsaces’

34–5

Orodes (restored)

35

Mithridates (from Iberia) (Roman nominee)

35–7

Interregnum (Parthian satrap Demonax)

37–41

Mithridates (restored as Roman nominee)

41–early 50s

Radamistrs (from Iberia)

two short reigns in early 50s

Tiridates

from early 50s to early 60s, with intermission

Tigranes V (from Judaea) (Roman nominee)

60–61

Interregnum (Roman occupation)

63–6

Tiridates (restored as Roman nominee)

66–?

KINGS OF THRACE

Rhoemetalces I

11 B.C. –A.D. 12

W.THRACE

E. THRACE

Rhescuporis II A.D. 12–19

Cotys IV A.D. 12–19

Rhoemetalces II 19–40

[Trebellenus Rufus regent] Rhoemetalces III 37/8–46

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