Ancient History & Civilisation


Note that since the punctuation of many Presocratic fragments, particularly those of Heraclitus and Parmenides, is difficult and variable, I have not here indicated places where I punctuate the text differently from DK, but only those where I adopt a different reading of the Greek text itself.


27 F8.1. It does not substantially alter the translation, but I prefer the form of this first line given e.g. by Edmonds and Lesher to that found in DK.

28 F14. 2–3. Reading Image (Edmonds) for the unmetrical and nonsensical MSS Image, and therefore omitting Diels’s addenda.

29 T6. I conjecture Image.

T7. Reading Image (Gomperz) for the MSS Image (‘seals’), and then a little later Image (Lloyd-Jones) for the nonsensical MSS Image.

F16. 1. I marginally prefer Image’, as found in Plutarch’s citation of the fragment at On Listening to Poetry 17e, to Sextus’ Image. Sextus’ reading would give the sense: ‘No man has seen the truth, nor will there ever be one who knows about the gods …’ I cannot see that this reference to the sense modality of sight is relevant here.


38 F3. The text is uncertain. The best reading seems to me to be that of Gigon: Image … With an alternative text, the fragment could be translated ‘… to know the judgement which guides …’, thus referring the ‘judgement’ to the divine logosrather than to human intellect.

F6. Reading, with recent editors: ImageImage …

F8. I agree with Robinson that only this much of what DK print as fr. 72 is genuinely Heraclitean.

40 F20. Reading ImageImage with Dilcher.

41 F32. Omitting Image with all recent editors, and then a little later reading, with Pfleiderer, Image instead of Image.

41 F35. Reading Image with Mansfeld.

42 F36. Omitting Image as part of the context from Clement.

F37. Omitting Burnet’s Image. For a parallel use of Image, see Herodotus, Histories 6.H 9.

F38. Retaining Image with the MSS.

43 T8. Reading Image with Reiske.

44 F47. Reading Image … with the majority of the ancient authors who preserve this fragment.

F49. Reading, with Mouraviev: ImageImageImage.

46 F61. Retaining the MSS Image.


56 F1. 3. Retaining Image with the MSS.

F1. 3. Reading Image with Meineke.

57 F1. 24–5. Reading Image with Brandis, and then ImageImage with MSS NL.

58 F3. 1. Retaining Image with the MSS.

F3. 4. Retaining Image with the MSS.

F5. 3. Reading Image with Nehamas (instead of Diels’s conjectured Image), and taking the elided pronoun as dative.

F5. 5. Reading Image with the Aldine edition.

59 F8. 2. Reading Image rather than Image, since the preposition follows what it governs.

F8. 4. Retaining the majority reading Image.

F8. 4. Reading Image with Owen.

F8. 7. Retaining Image with the MSS.

F8. 12. Reading Image (Reinhardt) Image (Karsten).

F8. 19. Retaining the MSS Image

60 F8. 22. Reading Image with Owen.

61 F8. 55. Reading Image with the MSS.

F8. 61. Reading Image with Stein.

62 T6. Reading Image with Karsten.

63 F13. 4. Reading Image with MS Moscow State Historical Museum 3649.

65 F18. 1–2. Reading Image with Stephanus, and then Image with Theophrastus.


76 T3. Omitting Image with MS T and Zeller.

77 T3. Retaining Image with Aristotle’s MSS.

79 F1. I read Image.


86 F8. Bracketing Image as a gloss, with Barnes.


95 T4. Reading Image with Burkert.

96 T5. Transposing the second and third lines with Zuntz.

104 T30. I have silently incorporated a couple of minor changes to de Falco’s text: see my article in Classical Quarterly, 38 (1988), at p. 227.

109 T40. Retaining the MSS reading Image.

111 F7. Retaining the MSS reading, largely: ImageImage(Wachsmuth) Image …


122 F1. I agree with Sider that the fragment ends here, without the explanatory sentence: ‘For these [air and aither] are the greatest ingredients, in terms of both number and size, in the mixture of all things.’

F2. Reading Image with MS F and Sider.

F5. Omitting Image with Sider.

124 F7. Reading Image with Jöhrens.

125 F10. Omitting Image with Wasserstein.

127 F12. Supplying the one missing definite article before Image, with recent editors.

F12. Reading Image with Schorn.

F13. Reading Image with Sider.

F13. Retaining Image with the MSS.


141 F1. 1. Reading Image with recent editors.

F1. 5. Reading Image with recent editors.

F1. 7. Reading Image with Wright.

142 F5. 1–2. Reading Image with Wright.

143 F6. 6. Reading Image with Stein.

F6. 9. Retaining Image with the MSS, and punctuating with Bollack.

F7. 5. Reading Image with Bergk.

F8. 1. Reading Image with Wright.

144 F8. 4. Reading Image with Marcovich.

145 F11. 1. Reading Image with Wright.

F14. 1. Reading Image with Burnet.

F14. 5. Reading Image with Karsten.

146 F16. 1. Reading Image with some MSS.

F16. 2. Retaining Image with the MSS.

F16. 4. Reading Image with Sider.

F17. 1. Retaining Image with the principal MSS.

F17. 6. Reading Image with Karsten.

147 F18. 1. Reading Image with Lloyd-Jones.

F19. 6. Reading Image (or Image) with Diels.

148 F20. 8a. Following O’Brien, I repeat this line too (as well as line 9) from DK B26.

F20. 18. Reading Image with some of the ancient sources.

F20. 20. Reading Image with Sextus Empiricus, Against the Physicists 2.317 and Athenagoras 22.

F20. 33. Reading Image with Bollack.

149 F21.3. Reading Image with P. Strasb. gr. Inv. 1665–1666.

F21. 6. Reading Image with Kingsley.

F21. 10. Reading Image instead of Image, with some MSS and recent editors.

151 F24. 2. Diels’s conflation of two fragments to make up his B27 is not necessary, and makes bad sense grammatically. It is best to keep them apart, as two incomplete sentences.

F24. 4. Reading Image with the MSS.

152 F28. 2. Reading Image with P. Strasb. gr. Inv. 1665–1666.

153 F31. 8. Reading Image with the Aldine edition.

F32. 8. Reading Image with Fabricius.

F32. 10. Retaining Image with the MSS.

F35. 4. Omitting line 4 of this fragment, with Knatz.

F35. 7. Reading Image with Wilamowitz.

154 F36. 2. Retaining Image with the MSS.

F38. 2–3. Reading Image (Zuntz, Hermann).

F38. 3. Reading Image with Bergk.

155 F41. 7. Reading Image with Förster.

F41. 8. Omitting, with recent editors, the line made up by Blass and inserted by DK as l. 9 of this fragment.

F42. 12. Reading Image with Bollack.

F42. 13. Reading Image with Stein.

156 F42. 22. Reading Image with some MSS and Bollack.

T12. Omitting Diels’s addition Image.

157 T12. Retaining Image with the MSS.

T12. Reading Image with the MSS and Bollack.

T12. Along with recent editors I count Image as part of Theophrastus’ text, not of the Empedocles fragment, and so exclude Karsten’s additional Image.

T12. Reading Image for Image, with Frenkian.

158 T14. Reading Image with some MSS.

159 T17. Reading Super qua re Empedocles disputata ratione talia profatur with the MSS and Jahn.

F44. 4. Reading Image with Dodds.

160 F45. 2. Reading Image, after the MSS of Plutarch.

162 T29. Reading Image with Forster.


178 T13. Reading Image instead of Image, with Diels.

180 T13. I see no reason to assume a lacuna at this point, as Diels did.

T13. Reading Image with McDiarmid.

T13. Reading Image with McDiarmid.

T13. I delete Image.

181 T13. I omit Image.

183 T19. I read Image.

186 T24. There seems no good reason to delete the rest of this sentence.

188 F6. Reading Image with Cherniss.

189 T33. Reading Image [apparently omitted by accident in DK] Image with Wimmer.


197 F3. Reading Image with Solmsen.

198 F6. Reading Image with MSS DE.

199 T7. I read Image.

202 F8. Reading Image with Peck.

F8. Transposing these words with Thompson.


216 T11. I read Image [Image].

T11. Reading Image with Richards.

218 T12. I omit Image as a reduplicated gloss.


228 F1. There seems no urgent need to assume that the text contains a lacuna here.

229 F1. Reading Image with MacDowell.

F1. Reading Image with MacDowell.

F1. For the last three sentences I read MacDowell’s text, which contains conjectures by Diels, Blass, Croiset, and himself: ImageImageImageImageImage.

230 F1. Reading Image with Sauppe.

F1. Reading Image with MacDowell.

231 F1. Adding Image with Immisch.

F1. Reading Image with MacDowell.

F2. Deleting Sauppe’s addition at this point.

238 T12. Reading Image with Mansfeld.

T12. Reading Image.


247 F1. Retaining Image with the MSS.


262 F5. I see no particular reason to include the supplementary text of Diels and Bücheler.

264 F16. Reading ImageImageImage with Morrison.

F17. I have translated the text to be found in Corpus dei papiri filosofici greci e latini, i. 184–6.

F18. I have translated the text to be found in Corpus dei papiri filosofici greci e latini, i. 192 ff.

265 F18. Retaining Image with the papyrus, here and in the next few lines.

266 F19. I have translated the text to be found in Corpus dei papiri filosofici greci e latini, i. 215–17.

268 T7. I read Image.


288 1. 13. There is no need to supplement the text with Diels’s additions here or in the next line.

290 2. 10. Again, there is no need for Diels’s supplement.

2. 17. There is no need for Valckenaer’s supplement.

291 2. 24. There is no need for Diels’s Image.

292 2. 28. Reading Diels’s text but without Image and with the last word as Image (MS P).

3. 2. As usual, Diels’s additions are unnecessary.

3. 7. Reading Image with Robinson, and therefore omitting Diels’s supplementary material.

293 3. 14. Reading Image with the MSS.

294 4. 6. Omitting Diels’s addition.

4. 6. Reading Image with Blass.

4. 7. Omitting Diels’s Image.

4. 8. Reading Image … with Robinson.

295 5. 13. Diels’s addition is unnecessary.

296 5. 15. Reading Image … with Robinson.

6. 4. Reading Image with the MSS.

6. 10. Retaining Image with the MSS.

297 6. 13. Retaining Image with the MSS.

8. 2. Omitting Diels’s addition.

298 8. 7. I read ImageImage.

298 8. 13. Reading Image and Image with the MSS, but otherwise including Diels’s first addition, and Blass’s second addition. In other words, I follow Robinson’s text here.

9. 1. Retaining Image with the MSS.

9. 2. Retaining Image with the MSS at this point rather than at the end of the next sentence.


305 F1. 7. Reading Image with Grotius.

F1. 18–19. Omitting these lines as superfluous, with Blaydes.

306 F1. 24. Reading Image with Heath.

F1. 25. Reading Image with Diggle.

F1. 33. Reading Image with Aëtius.

F1. 37. Reading Image with Meineke.

F1. 38. Reading Image with Diggle.

310 T2. I read Image.

T2. Retaining Image with the MSS.

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