Ancient History & Civilisation

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BOOKS OF THE DEAD OF THE ROMAN PERIOD.

FUNERAL TEXT OF HERTU.

[See Lepsius, Denkmāler, vi. 122, and Lieblein, Que mon nom, plate 1. ff.]

I. 1. [This] concerneth the Osiris Hertu, whose word is law.

I am Rā in his rising. I am Åtem in his setting. I am Osiris Khenti-Åmenti by night 2. and by day. Let your faces be towards me, O ye doorkeepers of the imageuat, ye doorkeepers of Åmentet, ye doorkeepers of Per imageennu. 3. Let thy face be towards me, O Anubis, son of Osiris, thou just doorkeeper of the imageuat. Let your faces be towards me, O Hathor, Mistress of Åmentet, 4. and O Maāt, to those who rise up [before her] in Åmentet. Let your faces be towards me, O ye gods who dwell in the Hall of Sekhet-Åru. 5. Let your faces be towards me, O Hathor, Mistress of Åmentet, and O Maāt, to those who rise up [before her] in Åmentet. Let your faces be towards me, O ye gods of the imageuat, 6. all of you, [and] ye gods who keep watch over Osiris.

I am your father imageeru-khuti, from whom ye proceeded in primaeval time. I am 7. Horus, the son of Isis, the son of Osiris, who [sitteth] on the throne for ever. I am imageeru-uru (i.e., Horus the Elder), the Lord of the South, who gave pleasure to the members 8. of Rā, and who hath placed Horus upon the throne of his father. I am Horus of the Two Eyes, the giver of weapons (?), who made to be strong all the gods. I am 9. Horus, the Lord of Sekhem, the Lord of Per-…… [the destroyer of] the wicked in Ånnu.

I am Thoth, the Lord of divine words, who gave 10. a liturgy to every god. Let your faces be towards me, O ye guardians of the imageuat, and let me make to be empty things the hours of 11. the night.

Let, I pray, my soul fly upwards with the souls of the great gods. 12. Let me, I pray, gather together [my] things (i.e., offerings) with Åtem. Let me, I pray, enjoy cool drink offerings1 in the House of the Prince, like the Aged 13. Prince in Ånnu. Let me, I pray, enter into Ånnu on the night [when] the offerings [are placed] on the altar, with 14. all the gods and the goddesses of the South and of the North, and let me be one of them. Let me, I pray, enter into Osiris Khenti-Åmenti, 15. with the holy gods on the night of the festival of the god of the imageennu Boat Let, I pray, my soul fly upwards daily. 16. Let me, I pray, enter in, and let [my soul] fly up as one of their souls.

O Thoth, let, I pray, thy face be towards me. Make thou my word to be maāt against 17. my enemies, as thou didst make the word of Osiris to be maāt against his enemies, before the Sovereign Chiefs, who dwell in Ånnu, on the night of the fight to

II. 1. overthrow the Sebāu fiend, on the day of the destruction of the enemies of Nebt-Tcher.

[O Thoth, let, I pray, thy face be towards me]. Make thou my word to be maāt against my enemies, 2. as thou didst make the word of Osiris to be maāt against his enemies, before the Great Sovereign Chiefs, who dwell in imageat·t·u, on the night of setting upright the divine imageet· 3. in imageat·t·u.

O Thoth, [let, I pray, thy face be towards me]. Make thou my word to be maāt against my enemies, as thou didst make the word of Osiris to be maāt against his enemies, before the Great Sovereign Chiefs, who dwell in 4. Sekhem, on the night of the offerings on the altar in Sekhem.

O Thoth, [let, I pray, thy face be towards me]. Make thou my word to be maāt against my enemies, as 5. thou didst make the word of Osiris to be maāt against his enemies, before the Great Sovereign Chiefs, who dwell in Pe and imageep, on the night of the conception of 6. Horus in the birth-place of the gods, and of the stablishing of the hands of Horus over the things of his father Osiris.

O Thoth, [let, I pray,] thy face be towards me. Make thou my word to be maāt against 7. my enemies, as thou didst make the word of Osiris to be maāt against his enemies, before the Great Sovereign Chiefs of the Lands of the Rekhti Goddesses, on the night of the 8. lying down of Isis, [and of her] watching her brother Osiris, and her weeping for him.

O Thoth, let, I pray, thy face be towards me. Make thou my word to be maāt against my enemies, 9. as thou didst make the word of Osiris to be maāt against his enemies, before the Great Sovereign Chiefs, who dwell in Ån-rut·-f upon his throne, on the night of the hidden 10. and great transformations (or, ceremonies) which are performed in Suten-h·enen.

O Thoth, let, I pray, thy face be towards me. Make thou my word to be maāt against my enemies, as thou didst make the word of Osiris 11. to be maāt against his enemies, before the Great Sovereign Chiefs, who dwell in imageat·t·u, on the night of the Great Festival of Ploughing in imageat·t·u. 12.

O Thoth, let, I pray, thy face be towards me. Make thou my word to be maāt against my enemies, as thou didst make the word of Osiris to be maāt against his enemies, before the Great Sovereign Chiefs, 13. who dwell in Re-stau, on the night of the lying down of Anubis, [when] his hands were over the things [which were] behind Osiris.

O Lord of Light, 14. thou Occupant of the Great Throne, let thy face be towards me. Grant thou to me my mouth that I may speak therewith. Guide thou for me my heart at the moment [of wrath] of the Nebå Fiend, 15. and fashion thou for me my heart that I may speak therewith before the Great God of the imageuat. Let me not be driven forth from heaven and from earth in the presence of the Divine Sovereign Chiefs of every god 16. and every goddess.

I am Horus, who maketh to be extinguished the fire when it cometh forth.

O Ptah·, father of the gods, let thy face be towards me. Open thou for me my mouth,

III. 1. open thou it for me as thou didst make [to be opened the mouth of] Seker-Osiris in imageet-Nub (i.e., the House of Gold) in Åneb-imageetch (Memphis).

I am the son of the goddess Sekhet, and I have my seat by the dweller in the Urtet region of the heavens. 2.

Make thou to flourish for me my name like the name of Osiris Khenti-Åmentiu, and distinguish thou me before the gods of the Divine Cycles. Make thou for me my heart in the house of hearts, and 3. my mind (?) in the house of minds. Make thou for me my heart to rest upon its throne, and let my mind (?) be stablished by means of its protective amulets. Give thou unto me my mouth for speech, 4. my legs for walking, and my hands to overthrow my enemies. Let there be opened for me the doors in the heavens and in the earth, even as thou hast done 5. for the gods and goddesses. Let, I pray, Anubis open for me the doors of the imageuat. Let me, I pray, be made one of the followers of Osiris, and let be written down 6. my commands in imageet-Ptah·-ka (Memphis). Let my Ka be in heaven and on the earth, and grant that my person (?) may alight on my body. I am the hearts of thy Lord (?); thou shalt not 7. depart from me any day, according to the decrees of Tanenu, the great god. Make thou for me my own heart. I am he for whom decrees are made in imageet-ka-Ptah·; 8. grant that they may be bearkened to by him that is in Neter-Khert. Let not my heart be carried away from me by the Fighter Gods (āk·aiu) in Ånnu. I am he concerning whom Åtem maketh records 9. before him on the holy Acacia Tree which is in Ånnu in the writing of the god Thoth himself. Let light be placed in my two eyes that I may walk by night 10. [and] by day, and let me see his rays every day. My mind is stablished by means of (or, upon) its protective amulets.

O Åtem, declare unto me the beauty of my members a second time, and let Neāebka 11. make them vigorous (or, fresh). May he grant that I may traverse the earth in the horizon of heaven. He will not permit me to die in Neter-Khert, he will make my soul to become like that of a god, he will make my body to become like that of a khu, 12. and he will vivify my members a second time.

Åtem hath granted me to be on the way of Rā, he hath granted that I shall make every transformation which I desire, he hath given me my mouth that I may speak with it, and he hath granted me to be 13. renewed like Rā every day. I am strong and Rā is strong; Rā is strong and I am strong.

My hair is of Nu. My face is of Rā. My eyes are of Hathor. 14. My ears are of Åp-uat. My nose is of Fent-Sekhem (or, Khent-Sekhem). My lips are of Ånpu. My teeth are of Serqet. My body resteth 15. upon its seat. My hands are of Ba-nebt-imageat·t·u. My body is of Neith, Lady of Saās. My backbone is of the Lords of Kher-āh·au. 16. My belly is of Sekhet. My eyebrows are of the Eye of Horus. My thighs are of Nut. My legs are of Ptah·. The soles of my feet are of the Living Uraei.

IV. 1. There is not a member [of mine] without a god. Thoth protecteth my members, and my flesh possesseth perfect life. I come forth by day, 2. having been conceived by Sekhet and born of Nut. I am filled with [the strength of] the Utchat. I am the Ibis 3. which cometh forth from imageet-Ptah·-ka. Heaven is opened to me, and the earth is opened unto me. I have obtained the mastery over my heart. 4. I have obtained the mastery over my members. I have obtained the mastery over my mind. I have obtained the mastery over my hands (or, arms). I have obtained the mastery over my mouth. 5. I have obtained the mastery over my members and the things which belong to them. I have obtained the mastery over the things which appear at the word (i.e., offerings), [that is] beer, oxen, and geese. I have obtained the mastery over the water 6. from the depths of the river. I have obtained the mastery over my eyes on the earth. I have obtained the mastery over my eyes in Neter-Khert. I live upon bread, 7. and I have cool water to drink from imageāpi (the Nile). I stand up through bread. I sit down through milk. I drink wine. 8. I create. I receive breath from the Erpuit goddesses.

I am the great god who cometh from Neter-Khert the rays of Rā, 9. the breath of Åmen—I am they for ever…… Osiris, the Great God, the word Horus I-em-h·etep, born of Mut-Menu (?). 10.

O Rā, I am thy son. O Thoth, I am thine eyes. O Osiris, I am thy Power. O ye Lords of Khemennu (Hermopolis) I am thy heir, 11. [and the heir] of Maāt.

O Horus, O Great Company of the Gods, O Little Company of the Gods, let, I pray, my name flourish in Thebes, as the 12. name of Åtem, the Lord of Ånnu, flourisheth in Ånnu; as the name of Shu flourisheth in the Upper sanctuary in Ånnu; 13. as the name of Tefnut flourisheth in the Lower sanctuary in Ånnu; as the name of Sab flourisheth in Ba-Shemaum; 14. as the name of Nut flourisheth in imageet-Shennu; as the name of Osiris Khenti-Åmenti flourisheth in Abydos; 15. as the name of Isis flourisheth in Nif-ur; as the name of Horus flourisheth in Pe; as the name of Uatchit flourisheth in 16. imageep; and as the name of Nephthys flourisheth in Ånnu. Let me fly upwards, let fly upwards the soul of Osiris Hertu 17. born of Mut-Menu, whose word is law, [and let him enjoy] breath for ever and for ever!

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