Ancient History & Civilisation

THE BOOK OF BREATHINGS.

PART II.

[From a papyrus at Florence (Pellegrini, II libro secondo della respirations, Rome, 1904).]

I. 1. The Second BOOK OF BREATHINGS, which shall be placed under the head of the god, that it may be recited by the 2. Hathor Arisuiniat, whose word is maāt, the daughter of Tasheratetut, whose word is maāt.

I am Rā in his rising. I am 3. Åtem in his setting. I am Osiris, governor of those who are in Åmentet by night and by day. Let your faces be turned towards me, O ye Gatekeepers of the Åmentiu gods, 4. O ye Guardians of the imageuat, O ye Doorkeepers of Pa-imageennu. May Ånpu, the son of Osiris, [come] to me, 5. the righteous Guardian of the imageuat.

Let your faces be turned towards me, O ye gods whose eyes are as sharp as knives, who are in the following of Osiris, 6. ye gods who dwell in the Hall of the Maāti-gods, ye gods of the Hall of Sekhet-7. Åanru.

Let your faces be turned towards me, O Hathor, Mistress of those who are in Åmentet, and O Maāt, unto whom those who are in Åmentet make acclamations.

8. Let your faces be turned towards me, O all ye gods who are in the imageuat, ye gods who watch over Osiris.

I am your father Rā-imageeru-Khuti, 9. from whom ye came forth in primaeval time.

I am Horus, the son of Isis, the son of Osiris, who is on his everlasting throne.

I am Horus the Great, 10. the Lord of the South. Thoth hath the members of Rā to perform the act of union, and he hath placed Horus upon the throne of his father.

I am Horus of the Two Eyes, the Lord of the divine staff, 11. whereby all the gods have been made to be victorious.

I am Horus, Lord of Sekhmit (Letopolis), Lord of…., devourer of the enemies of 12. Ånnu (Helio-polis).

I am Thoth, the Lord of the words of the god, who giveth adoration to all the gods.

Let your faces be turned towards me, O ye Guardians of the imageuat, 13. I leave the desolation of the days and of the night; let, I pray, my soul come forth (or, appear) in the heavens with the divine Souls 14. of the great gods. Let me partake of the offerings with Åtem, and let me drink cool water from the river (?) in the House of the Prince 15. as doth the Aged Prince who is in Ånnu. Let me enter into Ånnu on the night of the offerings on the altar of the festival of the sixth day of the month, II. 1. with all the gods and goddesses of the South and of the North, and let me be like one of them. Let me enter 2. [before] Osiris Khenti-Åmentiu with the holy gods on the night of the festival of the divine imageennu Boat at the moment 3. of each day when my soul flieth upwards. Let me, I pray thee, enter in. Let me, I pray thee, come forth, [for] I am one of 4. them.

Hail, Thoth, let thy face be turned unto me. Make thou to be maāt my word against my enemies, just as thou didst make the word of Osiris to be maāt against 5. his enemies, in the presence of the great Tchatcha who dwell in Heliopolis, on that night of battle when the 6. Sebi fiend was slain, on the day wherein the enemies of Neb-er-tcher were destroyed; in the presence of the great Tchatcha who 7. dwell in imageeimageimageeimage, on that night when the imageet· was set up in imageeimageimageeimage; in the presence of the great Tchatcha who dwell in Sekhem, 8. on that night when the offerings were [placed] upon the altar in Sekhem; in the presence of the great Tchatcha who dwell in the city Pe-imageep, 9. on that night of the reception of Horus in the Meskhent of the gods, and of the stablishing Horus as heir 10.of the possessions of his father Osiris; in the presence of the great Tchatcha who dwell in the city of the Rekhti, on that night when Isis 11. lay down to watch and to weep for her brother Osiris; in the presence of the great Tchatcha who dwell in the ways of the12.dead, on the night of making up the reckoning of those who are not to exist; in the presence of the great Tchatcha who dwell in Ån-rut·-f, on that night 13. of the Great Mystery of forms in imageet-Suten-h·enen (Herakleopolis); in the presence of the great Tchatcha who dwell in imageeåt·u, 14. on that night of the great festival of the ploughing up of the earth in imageeåt·u; in the presence of the great Tchatcha who dwell in Re-stau, 15. on that night of the lying down of Ånep (Anubis) [with] his arms upon the things which were round about Osiris.

Hail, Lord of Splendour, Governor of the Great House, 16. let thy face be turned towards me. Give thou unto me my mouth that I may speak with it. Guide thou to me my heart at the moment of the Nebt Fiend. Make thou for me my mouth that 17. I may speak with it…… with it in the presence of the Great God, the Lord of the imageuat, and let me not be turned back in heaven or upon earth III. 1. in the presence of the Tchatcha of every god and of every goddess.

I am the soul of Horus who quenched the fire when it came forth.

Hail, 2. Ptah·, father of the gods, let thy face be turned towards me. Open for me my mouth, open for me my two eyes, even as thou didst open the mouth and two eyes of Seker-Osiris 3. in the House of gold in the city of Åneb-imageetch. Open for me my mouth with the iron instrument wherewith thou didst open the mouth of 4. the gods.

I am the son of Sekhet, the goddess who is seated at the western side of heaven. Make thou to flourish my name like [that of] Osiris, Governor 5. of Åmentet. Let me be distinguished at the head of the gods of the Two Companies of gods. Make thou to be for me my heart in the House of Hearts, and my heart-case in the House 6. of Heart-cases. Make thou my heart to rest for me upon its throne, and let my heart-case be stablished upon the things of power which protect it Give thou unto me my mouth that I may speak therewith, 7. and my legs that 1 may walk therewith, and my two arms that I may overthrow mine enemies. Let there be opened for me the doors of heaven and of earth, even as thou didst 8. open them for the gods and the goddesses. Grant that Ånep (Anubis) may open for me the pylons of the imageuat. Grant that I may be made 9. one of those who follow Osiris. Let the decrees which have been decreed concerning me [be found] in imageet-kau-Ptah· (Memphis)….… my body in Neter-Khertet. 10. Let it be granted unto me to do whatsoever my KA pleaseth in heaven and upon earth. Let it be granted to my soul to alight upon my body.

Hail, my heart, I am 11. thy lord; thou shalt not remove thyself from me any day; [this is] the decree of Tanenu, the Great. Hearken thou unto me, my own heart; thou shalt be in my body, and thou shalt not fall away (or, incline away) from me. 12. I am the being for whom were made the decrees in olden time(?) in Memphis whereby his heart was made to obey him, and the Two Divine Fighters (i.e., Horus and Set) in Ånnu shall not seize and 13. carry away my heart from me. I am that being for whom Åtem worked in olden time (?) under the holy Persea Tree in 14. Ånnu according to the decrees of Thoth himself. Let it be granted to me to have light within my eye, so that I may walk by night [as well as] by day, and let me see his radiance 15. every day.

O my heart, my divine mother! O my heart, my divine mother! O my heart-case, be stablished by the things which protect it. Let Åtem speak to me good [words]. Let my members be [made] anew, 16. and let Neāebkamake them to be in a flourishing condition.

May he grant that I may travel over the earth [and] in the horizon of the sky, and may he grant that I shall never die in Neter-Khert.

IV. 1. He shall make my soul to be divine, he shall glorify my body (or, he shall make my body to be like that of a khu, i.e., spirit), and he shall revivify my members. The god Åtem shall place me on the 2. Boat of Rā, and he shall cause me to perform all the transformations which it shall please me [to make]. He shall give to me my mouth that I may speak therewith, and he shall make me to renew my life 3. like Rā every day. My health shall be the health of Rā, and the health of Rā shall be my health.

My hair is as the hair of Nu. My face is as the face of 4. Rā, My eyes are as the eyes of Hathor. My ears are as the ears of Åp-uat. My nose is as the nose of imageent-Sekhem. 5. My lips are as the lips of Ånep (Anubis). My teeth are as the teeth of Serqit. My neck is as the necks of Isis and Nephthys. My arms are as the arms of Ba-nebt-imageeåt·u. 6. My body is as the body of Net, the Lady of Saās. My backbone is as the backbone of the Lords of Kher-āh·a. 7. My body is as the body of Sekhit. My thigh is as the thigh of the Eye of Horus. My legs are as the legs of Nut. My feet are as the feet of Ptah·. 8. My toes are as the toes of the Living Uraei. There is no member in me which is without a god. Thoth maketh the passes of life over my members, and my flesh 9. is [filled] with life every day. I shall not be pinioned by my arms, and my hands shall not be put in restraint. My name shall endure for 10. millions of years, and I shall fly about in heaven and on the earth. The fear of me shall be in the body of the gods.

My father is Sebu, 11. and my mother is Nut. “Osiris, Governor of those in Åmentet,” is my name. I am Horus, Governor of millions of festivals. 12.…… his secret place in every land.

I am the Great One, son of the Great One.

I am the Mighty One, son of the Mighty One.

I am Horus, the son of Rā.

I am 13. the Sekhem (Power) of my father Rā.

I am the Two Tchaui of Shu and Tefnut.

I am he who is born of Sebu and Nut.

I am the 14. Holy Soul who dwelleth in Thebes; Åmen is my name.

I am Thoth in every land.

I shall rise up like the king of the gods, and I shall never die in 15. Neter-Khertet.

Hail, all ye gods and all ye goddesses! let your faces be turned towards me. I am your lord, come ye therefore to me and be ye in my following. 16. I am your lord, and the son of your lord.

Let your faces be turned towards me. I am your father, I am in the following of Osiris. I shall stride over the heavens, 17. I shall open up a way for myself in the earth, I shall journey over the whole earth, and my steps shall be as the steps of the holy Spirits (KHU).

I am provided for millions of years, and “Rā-imageeru-khuti” is my name.

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