Ancient History & Civilisation

TIMETABLE OF EVENTS RELATING TO THE BATTLE OF SALAMIS, 480 B.C.

Note: All dates approximate except full moon and eclipse.

May: Xerxes begins to move troops across the Hellespont.

June: Xerxes begins march from the Hellespont to Athens.

Third week of August: Greek men and ships take up positions at Thermopylae and Artemisium.

August 19, full moon: End of the Olympic Games and the Carnea Festival.

ca. August 27–29: Battles of Thermopylae and Artemisium.

ca. September 1: Greek fleet returns from Artemisium and arrives at Phaleron Bay and at Salamis; Persian army begins march southward.

Early September: Peloponnesian armies in full force begin building wall at Isthmus of Corinth.

ca. September 1–6: Evacuation of Athens.

ca. September 4: Persian fleet moves southward.

ca. September 5: Persian advance guard reaches Attica.

ca. August 31–September 20: Persian army conquers Phocis and Boeotia and regroups in Athens.

ca. September 7: Persian fleet reaches Phaleron Bay.

ca. September 21–23: Siege of Athenian Acropolis.

ca. September 23: Persian army takes Athenian Acropolis; Greek war council on Salamis votes for fleet to retreat to Isthmus of Corinth.

Night of ca. September 23–24: Mnesiphilus, Themistocles, and Eurybiades force Greek war council to change plans and remain at Salamis; debate between Themistocles and Adimantus.

Dawn, ca. September 24: Earthquake.

Evening of ca. September 24: Sicinnus’s mission to the Persians.

Midnight, ca. September 24: Persian fleet enters straits of Salamis.

ca. September 25: Battle of Salamis.

End of September: Persians begin to withdraw from Athens.

October 2, partial eclipse of the sun: Spartan army leaves Isthmus.

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