Ancient History & Civilisation

SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome 1st Edition

SPQR: A History of Ancient Rome 1st Edition

By 63 BCE the city of Rome was a sprawling, imperial metropolis of more than a million inhabitants. But how did this massive city—the seat of power for an empire that spanned from Spain to Syria—emerge from what was once an insignificant village in central Italy? In S.P.Q.R., Beard changes our historical perspective, exploring how the Romans themselves challenged the idea of imperial rule, how they responded to terrorism and revolution, and how they invented a new idea of citizenship and nation, while also keeping her eye open for those overlooked in traditional histories: women, slaves and ex-slaves, conspirators, and losers. Like the best detectives, Beard separates fact from fiction, myth and propaganda from historical record. She introduces the familiar characters of Julius Caesar, Cicero, and Nero as well as the untold, the loud women, the shrewd bakers, and the brave jokers. S.P.Q.R. promises to shape our view of Roman history for decades to come. 100 illustrations; 16 pages of color; 5 maps

MAPS

PROLOGUE

THE HISTORY OF ROME

CHAPTER ONE - CICERO’S FINEST HOUR

SPQR: 63 BCE

Cicero versus Catiline

In the senate

Triumph – and humiliation

Writing it up

The other side of the story

Our Catiline?

CHAPTER TWO - IN THE BEGINNING

Cicero and Romulus

Murder

Rape

Brother versus brother, outsiders versus insiders

History and myth

Aeneas and more

Digging up early Rome

The missing link

CHAPTER THREE - THE KINGS OF ROME

Written on the stone

Kings or chiefs?

Foundation stories: religion, time and politics

Etruscan kings?

Archaeology, tyranny – and rape

The birth of liberty

CHAPTER FOUR - ROME’S GREAT LEAP FORWARD

Two centuries of change: from the Tarquins to Scipio Long-Beard

The world of the Twelve Tables

The Conflict of the Orders

The outside world: Veii and Rome

The Romans versus Alexander the Great

Expansion, soldiers and citizens

Causes and explanations

CHAPTER FIVE - A WIDER WORLD

The descendants of Barbatus

Conquest and consequences

Cannae and the elusive face of battle

Polybius on the politics of Rome

An empire of obedience

The impact of empire

How to be Roman

CHAPTER SIX - NEW POLITICS

Destruction

The legacy of Romulus and Remus?

Tiberius Gracchus

Gaius Gracchus

Citizens and allies at war

Sulla and Spartacus

Ordinary lives

CHAPTER SEVEN - FROM EMPIRE TO EMPERORS

Cicero versus Verres

Governors and governed

Senators under fire

Rome for sale

Pompey the Great

The first emperor

The Gang of Three

Throwing the dice

The Ides of March

CHAPTER EIGHT - THE HOME FRONT

Public and private

The other sides of civil war

Husbands and wives

Birth, death and grief

Money matters

Human property

Towards a new history – of emperors

CHAPTER NINE - THE TRANSFORMATIONS OF AUGUSTUS

Caesar’s heir

The face of civil war

Losers and winners

The riddle of Augustus

What I did

Power politics

Problems and successions

Augustus is dead. Long live Augustus!

CHAPTER TEN - FOURTEEN EMPERORS

The men on the throne

What went wrong with Gaius?

‘Good emperors’ and ‘bad emperors’?

Changes at the top

Succession

Senators

Oh dear, I think I’m becoming a god …

CHAPTER ELEVEN - THE HAVES AND HAVE-NOTS

Rich and poor

Degrees of poverty

The world of work

Bar culture

Putting up and making do

Swallows and serpents

CHAPTER TWELVE - ROME OUTSIDE ROME

Pliny’s province

The boundaries of empire

The management of empire

Romanisation and resistance

Free movement

They create desolation and call it peace

Christian trouble

Citizens

Gaius Julius Zoilos

EPILOGUE

The First Roman Millennium

FURTHER READING

TIMELINE - ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS