Ancient History & Civilisation

Appendix A

List of Spartan Kings

  Owing to the general lack of Spartan historical records, it is often difficult to be certain which kings reigned during precisely which periods, except when noted by other Greek histories. For the benefit of those interested in the monarchy of Sparta, however, there will here follow two reconstructed lists of kings, those of the Agaid and Eurypontid lines of Dorian Spartans. Because we are here principally concerned with Sparta in the Classical Period and the development that led up to it, the greatly contested kings of Mycenaean Sparta will not be given.

Eurypontid Kings

Agiad Kings

Procles (probably legendary)

Soos

Eurypon

Prytanis

Polydectes

Eunomus

Lycurgus (Spartan lawgiver, possibly placed here)

Charillos

Nicander

Theopompus

Anaxandridas I

Archidamus I

Anaxilas

Leotychides I

Hippocratidas

Hegesilaus

Ariston

Demaratus

Archidamus II

Agis II

Agesilaus II

Archidamus III

Agis III

Eudamidas I

Archidamus IV

Eudamidas II

Archidamus V

Eucleidas (Agiad usurper)

Lycurgus II

Pelops

Eurysthenes (probably legendary)

Agis I

Echestratus

Labotas

Doryssus

Agesilaus I

Archelaus

Teleclus

Alcamenes

Polydorus

Eurycrates

Anaxander

Eurycratides

Leon

Anaxandridas II

Cleomenes I

Leonidas I

Pleistarchus

Pleistoanax

Pausanias

Agesipolis I

Cleombrotus I

Agesipolis II

Cleomenes II

Areus I

Acrotatus II (Acrotatus I denied kingship)

Areus II

Leonidas II

Cleombrotus II

Leonidas II (deposed, then returned to kingship)

Cleomenes III

Agesipolis III

    It is important to note that this list of kings is in no way definitive. Many of the early kings are uncertain, and may even have been legendary, though we will here assume, if only for the sake of convenience, that the kings following Agis I and Eurypon were most likely real historical figures. Further, some of the ancient histories differ on the names of these kings.

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