Ancient History & Civilisation

Rubicon: The Last Years of the Roman Republic

Rubicon: The Last Years of the Roman Republic

In 49 B.C., the seven hundred fifth year since the founding of Rome, Julius Caesar crossed a small border river called the Rubicon and plunged Rome into cataclysmic civil war. Tom Holland’s enthralling account tells the story of Caesar’s generation, witness to the twilight of the Republic and its bloody transformation into an empire. From Cicero, Spartacus, and Brutus, to Cleopatra, Virgil, and Augustus, here are some of the most legendary figures in history brought thrillingly to life. Combining verve and freshness with scrupulous scholarship,Rubicon is not only an engrossing history of this pivotal era but a uniquely resonant portrait of a great civilization in all its extremes of self-sacrifice and rivalry, decadence and catastrophe, intrigue, war, and world-shaking ambition.

Acknowledgments

Preface

Chapter I: THE PARADOXICAL REPUBLIC

Ancestral Voices

The Capital of the World

Blood in the Labyrinth

Chapter II: THE SIBYL’S CURSE

Sacker of Cities

Choking on Gold

A Trumpet in the Sky

Chapter III: LUCK BE A LADY

The Rivals

Thinking the Unthinkable

Missing the Joke

Chapter IV: RETURN OF THE NATIVE

Sulla Redux

Sulla Felix

Sulla Dictator

Chapter V: FAME IS THE SPUR

A Patrician’s Progress

Round and Round the Racetrack

The Bull and the Boy

The Shadow of the Gladiator

Chapter VI: A BANQUET OF CARRION

The Proconsul and the Kings

The War against Terror

The New Alexander

Chapter VII: THE DEBT TO PLEASURE

Shadows in the Fishpond

Party People

Caelius’ Conspiracy

Scandal

Chapter VIII: TRIUMVIRATE

Cato’s Gambit

Clodius Raises the Stakes

Caesar’s Winning Streak

Pompey Throws Again

Crassus Loses his Head

Chapter IX: THE WINGS Of ICARUS

Ad Astra

Weeping for Elephants

Mutually Assured Destruction

Chapter X: WORLD WAR

Blitzkrieg

Pompey’s Victory Feast

The Queen of Cosmopolis

Anti Cato

Chapter XI: THE DEATH OF THE REPUBLIC

The Last Stand

The Winner Takes It All

The Republic Restored

Timeline

Notes

Bibliography