Appendix 2: German Kings

For anti-kings, see Table 2 (p. 303).

Carolingians

768–814   

      Charlemagne (as king of the Franks)  

814–40   

      Louis I ‘the Pious’ (as king of the Franks)  

840–43   

      Lothar I  

843–76   

      Louis II ‘the German’  

876–87   

      Charles III ‘the Fat’  

887–99   

      Arnulf of Carinthia  

900–911   

      Louis ‘the Child’  

911–18   

      Conrad I of Franconia  

Ottonians

919–36   

      Henry I  

936–73   

      Otto I ‘the Great’  

973–83   

      Otto II  

983–1002   

      Otto III  

1002–24   

      Henry II  

Salians

1024–39   

      Conrad II  

1039–56   

      Henry III  

1056–1106   

      Henry IV  

1106–25   

      Henry V  

1125–37   

      Lothar III of Supplinburg  

Staufers

1138–52   

      Conrad III  

1152–90   

      Frederick I ‘Barbarossa’  

   1190–97

      Henry VI  

1198–1208   

      Philip of Swabia  

[1198–1218   

      Otto IV]  

1215–50   

      Frederick II  

1250–54   

      Conrad IV  

‘Little Kings’

1254–6   

      William of Holland (anti-king from 1247)  

1257–72   

      Richard of Cornwall  

[1257–73   

      Alfonso X of Castile]  

1273–91   

      Rudolf I of Habsburg  

1292–8   

      Adolf of Nassau  

1298–1308   

      Albert I of Austria (Habsburg)  

1308–13   

      Henry VII of Luxembourg  

1314–47   

      Louis IV ‘the Bavarian’ (Wittelsbach)  

[1314–30   

      Frederick ‘the Fair’ (Habsburg)]  

Luxembourgs

1347–78   

      Charles IV (anti-king from 1346)  

1378–1400   

      Wenzel (deposed 1400)  

1400–1410   

      Ruprecht of the Palatinate  

1410–37   

      Sigismund (Luxembourg)  

Habsburgs

1438–9   

      Albert II  

1440–93   

      Frederick III  

1493–1519   

      Maximilian I  

Thereafter, as the emperors.

If you find an error please notify us in the comments. Thank you!