Bibliography

The following abbreviations are used to refer to journals in the fields of classics and history:

AC

Acta Classica

AHB

Ancient History Bulletin

AJA

American Journal of Archaeology

AJP

American Journal of Philology

AM

Ancient Macedonia

AncW

Ancient World

CQ

Classical Quarterly

G&R

Greece and Rome

GRBS

Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies

JHS

Journal of Hellenic Studies

TAPA

Transactions of the American Philological Association

ZPE

Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik

WEB ADDRESSES OF PRIMARY SOURCES IN TRANSLATION

Arrian. Events After Alexander (summary of Photius). http://www.isidore-of-seville.com/library-arrian/events-2.htm.

Athenaeus. Deipnosophistae. http://digicoll.library.wisc.edu/Literature/subcollections/DeipnoSubAbout.html.

Diodorus Siculus. Library of History. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Diodorus_Siculus/home.html.

Justin. Epitome of Pompeius Trogus. http://www.ccel.org/ccel/pearse/morefathers/files/justinus_04_books11to20.htm.

Memnon. History of Heracleia. http://www.attalus.org/translate/memnon1.html.

Cornelius Nepos. Eumenes. http://www.isidore-of-seville.com/library-nepos/eumenes-2.htm.

Plutarch. Alexander, Demosthenes, Demetrius, Eumenes, and Phocion. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Plutarch/Lives/home.html.

Polyaenus. Stratagems of War. http://www.attalus.org/translate/polyaenus4B.html.

Pseudo-Plutarch. Lives of the Ten Orators. http://www.attalus.org/old/orators1.html.

Quintus Curtius Rufus. Life of Alexander the Great (full text available only in Latin). http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Curtius/home.html.

GENERAL STUDIES

Adams, Winthrop Lindsay. “The Games of Alexander the Great.” In Waldemar Heckel, Lawrence Tritle, and Pat Wheatley, eds., Alexander’s Empire: Formulation to Decay, pp. 125–38. Claremont, Calif., 2007.

———. “The Hellenistic Kingdoms.” In Glenn R. Bugh, ed., The Cambridge Companion to the Hellenistic World, pp. 28–51. Cambridge, U.K., 2006.

Agostinetti, Anna S. Gli eventi dopo Alessandro. Rome, 1999.

Bengtson, Hermann. Die Diadochen: Die Nachfolger Alexanders (323–281 v. Chr.). Munich, 1987.

Berve, Helmut. Das Alexanderreich auf prosopographischer Grundlage. Munich, 1926.

Billows, Richard A. Kings and Colonists: Aspects of Macedonian Imperialism. New York, 1995.

Bosworth, A. B. “Alexander the Great and the Creation of the Hellenistic Age.” In Glenn R. Bugh, ed., The Cambridge Companion to the Hellenistic World, pp. 9–27. Cambridge, U.K., 2006.

———. The Legacy of Alexander: Politics, Warfare, and Propaganda Under the Successors. Oxford, 2002.

Briant, Pierre. From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire. Winona Lake, Ind., 2002.

Cloché, Paul. La dislocation d’un empire: Les premiers successeurs d’Alexandre le Grand. Paris, 1959.

Errington, R. M. “Diodorus Siculus and the Chronology of the Early Diadochoi, 320–311 B.C.” Hermes 105 (1977), pp. 478–504.

———. “From Babylon to Triparadeisos, 323–320 B.C.” JHS 90 (1970), pp. 49–77.

Fontana, Maria José. Le lotte per la successione di Alessandro Magno dal 323 al 315. Palermo, 1960.

Goukowsky, Paul. Essai sur les origines du mythe d’Alexandre. Nancy, 1978.

Green, Peter. Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age. Berkeley, Calif., 1990.

Hammond, N. G. L. The Macedonian State: Origins, Institutions, and History. Oxford, 1989.

Hammond, N. G. L., and F. W. Walbank. The History of Macedonia. Vol. 3, 336–167 B.C. Oxford, 2001.

Heckel, Waldemar. The Marshals of Alexander’s Empire. New York, 1992.

———. “The Politics of Distrust: Alexander and His Successors.” In Daniel Ogden, ed., The Hellenistic World: New Perspectives, pp. 81–95. London, 2002.

———. “The ‘Somatophylakes’ of Alexander the Great: Some Thoughts.” Historia 27 (1978), pp. 224–28.

———. Who’s Who in the Age of Alexander the Great: A Prosopography of Alexander’s Empire. Malden, Mass., 2009.

Hornblower, Jane. Hieronymus of Cardia. Oxford, 1981.

Meeus, Alexander. “Alexander’s Image in the Age of the Successors.” In Waldemar Heckel and Lawrence Tritle, eds., Alexander the Great: A New History, pp. 235–50. Malden, Mass., 2009.

Ogden, Daniel. Polygamy, Prostitutes and Death: The Hellenistic Dynasties. London, 1999.

Parke, H. W. Greek Mercenary Soldiers, from the Earliest Times to the Battle of Ipsus. Oxford, 1933.

Romm, James. “The Breakup and Decline of Alexander’s Empire.” In James Romm, ed., The Landmark Arrian: The Campaigns of Alexander, pp. 317–24. New York, 2010.

Rosen, Klaus. “Die Bundnisformen der Diadochen und der Zerfall des Alexanderreiches.” AC 11 (1968), pp. 182–210.

Seibert, Jakob. Historische Beiträge zu den dynastischen Verbindungen in hellenistischer Zeit. Wiesbaden, 1967.

———. Das Zeitalter der Diadochen. Darmstadt, 1983.

Shipley, Graham. The Greek World After Alexander, 323–30 B.C. New York, 2000.

Stewart, Andrew. Faces of Power: Alexander’s Image and Hellenistic Politics. Berkeley, Calif., 1993.

Waterfield, Robin. Dividing the Spoils: The War for Alexander the Great’s Empire. New York, 2011.

Wheatley, Pat. “The Diadochi, or Successors to Alexander.” In Waldemar Heckel and Lawrence Tritle, eds., Alexander the Great: A New History, pp. 53–68. Malden, Mass., 2009.

Will, Edouard. Histoire politique du monde hellénistique (323–30 av. J.-C.). Nancy, 1966.

———. “The Succession to Alexander.” In The Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. 7, The Hellenistic World, chap. 2. Cambridge, U.K., 1984.

CHRONOLOGICAL PROBLEMS

Anson, Edward. “The Dating of Perdiccas’ Death and the Assembly at Triparadeisus.” GRBS 43 (2002), pp. 373–90.

———. “Dating the Deaths of Eumenes and Olympias.” AHB 20 (2006), pp. 1–8.

Boiy, Tom. Between High and Low: A Chronology of the Early Hellenistic Period. Frankfurt, 2007.

———. “Cuneiform Tablets and Aramaic Ostraca: Between the Low and High Chronologies of the Early Diadoch Period.” In Waldemar Heckel, Lawrence Tritle, and Pat Wheatley, eds., Alexander’s Empire: Formulation to Decay, pp. 199–208. Claremont, Calif., 2007.

Hauben, Hans. “The First War of the Successors (321 B.C.): Chronological and Historical Problems.” Ancient Society 8 (1977), pp. 85–120.

Smith, Leonard C. “The Chronology of Books XVIII–XX of Diodorus Siculus.” AJP 82 (1961), pp. 283–90.

Walsh, John. “Historical Method and a Chronological Problem in Diodorus, Book 18.” In Pat Wheatley and Robert Hannah, eds., Alexander & His Successors: Essays from the Antipodes, pp. 72–87. Claremont, Calif., 2009.

Wheatley, Pat. “The Chronology of the Third Diadoch War.” Phoenix 52 (1998), pp. 257–81.

———. “The Date of Polyperchon’s Invasion of Macedonia and Murder of Heracles.” Antichthon 32 (1998), pp. 12–23.

———. “An Introduction to the Chronological Problems in Early Diadoch Sources and Scholarship.” In Waldemar Heckel, Lawrence Tritle, and Pat Wheatley, eds., Alexander’s Empire: Formulation to Decay, pp. 179–92. Claremont, Calif., 2007.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND MATERIAL EVIDENCE

Andronikos, Manolis. “Regal Treasures from a Macedonian Tomb.” National Geographic 154 (1978), pp. 55–68.

———. Vergina: The Royal Tombs and the Ancient City. Athens, 1984.

Borza, Eugene, and Olga Palagia. “The Chronology of the Macedonian Royal Tombs at Vergina.” Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 122 (2007), pp. 81–125.

Carney, Elizabeth. “The Female Burial in the Antechamber of Tomb II at Vergina.” AncW 22 (1991), pp. 17–26.

Fredricksmeyer, E. A. “The Origin of Alexander’s Royal Insignia.” TAPA 127 (1997), pp. 97–109.

Hammond, N. G. L. “Arms and the King: The Insignia of Alexander the Great.” Phoenix 43 (1989), pp. 217–24.

Markle, Minor M. III. “The Macedonian Sarissa, Spear, and Related Armor.” AJA 81 (1977), pp. 323–39.

Oikonomides, A. N. “The Epigram on the Tomb of Olympias at Pydna.” AncW 5 (1982), pp. 9–16.

Palagia, Olga. “The Grave Relief of Adea, Daughter of Cassander and Cynnana.” In Timothy Howe and Jeanne Reames, eds., Macedonian Legacies: Studies in Ancient Macedonian History and Culture in Honor of Eugene N. Borza, pp. 195–214. Claremont, Calif., 2008.

———. “The Impact of Ares Macedon on Athenian Sculpture.” In Olga Palagia and Stephen V. Tracy, eds., The Macedonians in Athens, 322–229 B.C., pp. 140–51. Oxford, 2003.

FRAGMENTARY SOURCES AND COMMENTARIES

Atkinson, John E., ed., and John C. Yardley, trans. Curtius Rufus: Histories of Alexander the Great, Book 10. Oxford, 2009.

Bizière, François. Diodore de Sicile: Bibliothèque historique, livre XIX. Paris, 1975.

Dreyer, Boris. “The Arrian Parchment in Gothenburg: New Digital Processing Methods and Initial Results.” In Waldemar Heckel, Lawrence Tritle, and Pat Wheatley, eds., Alexander’s Empire: Formulation to Decay, pp. 245–64. Claremont, Calif., 2007.

———. “Zum ersten Diadochenkrieg: Der Göteborger Arrian-Palimpsest (MS Graec 1).” ZPE 125 (1999), pp. 39–60.

Goralski, Walter J. “Arrian’s Events After Alexander: Summary of Photius and Selected Fragments.” AncW 19 (1989), pp. 81–108.

Goukowsky, Paul. Diodore de Sicile: Bibliothèque historique, livre XVIII. Paris, 1978.

Landucci Gattinoni, F. Diodoro Siculo: Biblioteca Storica Libro XVIII, Commento Storico. Milan, 2008.

Noret, Jacques. “Un fragment du dixième livre de la Succession d’Alexandre par Arrien retrouvé dans un palimpseste de Gothenbourg.” AC 52 (1983), pp. 235–42.

Rathmann, Michael. Diodoros: Griechische Weltgeschichte: Buch XVIII–XX. Stuttgart, 2005.

Yardley, John C., and Waldemar Heckel. Justin: Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus. Vol. 1, Books 11–12: Alexander the Great. Oxford, 1997.

ALEXANDER’S DEATH AND BURIAL

Alonso, Victor. “Some Remarks on the Funerals of the Kings: From Philip II to the Diadochi.” In Pat Wheatley and Robert Hannah, eds., Alexander & His Successors: Essays from the Antipodes, pp. 276–98. Claremont, Calif., 2009.

Anson, Edward. “Alexander and Siwah.” AncW 34 (2003), pp. 117–30.

Atkinson, John, Elsie Truter, and Etienne Truter. 2009. “Alexander’s Last Days: Malaria and Mind Games?” Acta Classica (1 January). http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Alexander’s+last+days%3a+malaria+and+mind+games%3f-a0221920136.

Badian, Ernst. “A King’s Notebooks.” Harvard Studies in Classical Philology 72 (1968), pp. 183–204.

———. “The Ring and the Book.” In Wolfgang Will and Johannes Heinrichs, eds., Zu Alexander der Grosse: Festschrift G. Wirth, pp. 605–25. Amsterdam, 1987.

Borza, Eugene N. “Alexander’s Death: A Medical Analysis.” In James Romm, ed., The Landmark Arrian: The Campaigns of Alexander, pp. 404–6. New York, 2010.

Borza, Eugene N., and Jeanne Reames. “Some New Thoughts on the Death of Alexander the Great.” AncW 31 (2000), pp. 22–30.

Bosworth, A. B. “Alexander’s Death: The Poisoning Rumors.” In James Romm, ed., The Landmark Arrian: The Campaigns of Alexander, pp. 407–10. New York, 2010.

———. “The Death of Alexander the Great: Rumour and Propaganda.” CQ 21 (1971), pp. 112–36.

———. “Ptolemy and the Will of Alexander.” In A. B. Bosworth and Elizabeth Baynham, eds., Alexander the Great in Fact and Fiction, pp. 207–41. Oxford, 2002.

Depuydt, Leo. “The Time of Death of Alexander the Great: 11 June 323 B.C., ca. 4:00–5:00 p.m.” Die Welt des Orients 28 (1997), pp. 117–35.

Erskine, Andrew. “Life After Death: Alexandria and the Body of Alexander.” G&R 49 (2002), pp. 163–79.

Green, Peter. Alexander of Macedon. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1974.

Greenwalt, William. “Argaeus, Ptolemy II, and Alexander’s Corpse.” AHB 2 (1988), pp. 39–41.

Heckel, Waldemar. “The Earliest Evidence for the Plot to Poison Alexander.” In Waldemar Heckel, Lawrence Tritle, and Pat Wheatley, eds., Alexander’s Empire: Formulation to Decay, pp. 265–76. Claremont, Calif., 2007.

———. The Last Days and Testament of Alexander the Great: A Prosopographic Study. Stuttgart, 1988.

Landucci Gattinoni, Franca. “La morte di Alessandro e la tradizione su Antipatro.” In Marta Sordi, ed., Alessandro Magno: Tra storia e mito, pp. 91–111. Milan, 1984.

Mayor, Adrienne. “The Deadly River Styx and the Death of Alexander.” Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics (September 2010). http://www.princeton.edu/~pswpc/pdfs/mayor/091008.pdf

McKechnie, Paul. “Omens of the Death of Alexander the Great.” In Pat Wheatley and Robert Hannah, eds., Alexander & His Successors: Essays from the Antipodes, pp. 206–26. Claremont, Calif., 2009.

Schachermeyr, Fritz. Alexander in Babylon und die Reichsordnung nach seinem Tode. Vienna, 1970.

Schep, Leo. “The Death of Alexander the Great: Reconsidering Poison.” In Pat Wheatley and Robert Hannah, eds., Alexander & His Successors: Essays from the Antipodes, pp. 227–36. Claremont, Calif., 2009.

Tomlinson, R. A. “The Tomb of Philip and the Tomb of Alexander: Contrasts and Consequences.” AM 8 (1999), pp. 1184–87.

ANTIGENES, THE SILVER SHIELDS, AND THE MACEDONIAN ARMY

Anson, Edward. “Hypaspists and Argyraspids After 323.” AHB 2, no. 6 (1988), pp. 131–33.

———. “Alexander’s Hypaspists and the Origin of the Argyraspids.” Historia 30 (1981), pp. 117–20.

Epplett, Christopher. “War Elephants in the Hellenistic World.” In Waldemar Heckel, Lawrence Tritle, and Pat Wheatley, eds., Alexander’s Empire: Formulation to Decay, pp. 209–32. Claremont, Calif., 2007.

Garlan, Yvon. Recherches de poliorcétique grecque. Paris, 1974.

Hammond, N. G. L. “Alexander’s Veterans After His Death.” GRBS 25 (1984), pp. 51–61.

Heckel, Waldemar. “The Career of Antigenes.” Symbolae Osloenses 57 (1982), pp. 57–67.

PERDICCAS AND THE BABYLON SETTLEMENT

McKechnie, Paul. “The Power Struggle of the Diadochoi in Babylon, 323 B.C.” Ancient Society 38 (2008), pp. 39–82.

Meeus, Alexander. “Some Institutional Problems Concerning the Succession to Alexander the Great: Prostasia and Chiliarchy.” Historia 58 (2009), pp. 287–31.

Rathmann, Michael. Perdikkas zwischen 323 und 320. Vienna, 2005.

Rosen, Klaus. “Die Bundnisformen der Diadochen und der Zerfall des Alexanderreiches.” AC 11 (1968), pp. 182–210.

———. “Die Reichsordnung von Babylon (323 v. Chr.).” AC 10 (1967), pp. 95–110.

Wirth, Gerhard. “Zur Politik des Perdikkas 323.” Helikon 7 (1967), pp. 281–322.

PHILIP ARRHIDAEUS

Billows, Richard A. “Philip III Arrhidaeus and the Chronology of the Successors.” Chiron 22 (1992), pp. 55–81.

Carney, Elizabeth. “The Trouble with Philip Arrhidaeus.” AHB 15 (2001), pp. 63–89.

Greenwalt, William. “Argead Name Changes.” AM 8 (1999), pp. 453–62.

———. “The Search for Arrhidaeus.” AncW 10 (1984), pp. 69–77.

HYPERIDES, DEMOSTHENES, DEMADES, AND PHOCION

Bearzot, Cinzia. Focione tra storia e trasfigurazione ideale. Milan, 1985.

Cooper, Craig. “(Re)making Demosthenes: Demochares and Demetrius of Phalerum on Demosthenes.” In Pat Wheatley and Robert Hannah, eds., Alexander & His Successors: Essays from the Antipodes, pp. 310–22. Claremont, Calif., 2009.

Gehrke, Hans-Joachim. Phokion: Studien zur Erfassung seiner historischen Gestalt. Munich, 1976.

Goldstein, Jonathan A. The Letters of Demosthenes. New York, 1968.

Hansen, Mogens Herman. The Athenian Democracy in the Age of Demosthenes: Structure, Principles, and Ideology. Oxford, 1991.

Hughes, Steven. “After the Democracy: Athens under Phocion (322/1–319/8 B.C.).” Dissertation, University of Western Australia, 2008.

Lamberton, Robert. “Plutarch’s Phocion: Melodrama of Mob and Elite in Classical Athens.” In Olga Palagia and Stephen V. Tracy, eds., The Macedonians in Athens, 322–229 B.C., pp. 8–13. Oxford, 2003.

Schaefer, Arnold. Demosthenes und seine Zeit. Leipzig, 1887.

Tritle, Lawrence. Phocion the Good. New York, 1988.

Worthington, Ian. “Alexander and Athens in 324/3 B.C.: On the Greek Attitude to the Macedonian Hegemony.” Mediterranean Archaeology 7 (1994), pp. 45–51.

———. “The Context of (Demades) on the Twelve Years.” CQ 41 (1991), pp. 90–95.

———. “Demosthenes’ (In)activity During the Reign of Alexander the Great.” In Ian Worthington, ed., Demosthenes: Statesman and Orator, pp. 90–114. London, 2000.

———. Greek Orators II: Dinarchus, Hyperides. Warminster, U.K., 1999.

———. A Historical Commentary on Dinarchus. Ann Arbor, Mich., 1992.

Worthington, Ian, Craig Richard Cooper, and Edward Monroe Harris, trans. Dinarchus, Hyperides, and Lycurgus. Austin, Tex., 2001.

ANTIPATER, CASSANDER, PHILA, AND CRATERUS

Adams, Winthrop Lindsay. “Antipater and Cassander: Generalship on Restricted Resources in the Fourth Century.” AncW 10 (1984), pp. 79–88.

———. “The Dynamics of Internal Politics in the Time of Cassander.” AM 3 (1982), pp. 2–30.

Ashton, Norman G. “Craterus from 324 to 321 B.C.” AM 1 (1993), pp. 125–31.

Badian, Ernst. “Two Postscripts on the Marriage of Phila and Balacrus.” ZPE 73 (1988), pp. 116–18.

Baynham, Elizabeth. “Antipater and Athens.” In Olga Palagia and Stephen V. Tracy, eds., The Macedonians in Athens, 322–229 B.C., pp. 23–29. Oxford, 2003.

———. “Antipater: Manager of Kings.” In Ian Worthington, ed., Ventures into Greek History: Essays in Honor of N. G. L. Hammond, pp. 331–56. Oxford, 1994.

Carney, Elizabeth. “The Curious Death of the Antipatrid Dynasty.” AM 8 (1999), pp. 209–16.

Fortina, Marcello. “Cassandro, re di Macedonia.” SEI (1965), pp. 8–122.

Heckel, Waldemar. “A Grandson of Antipatros at Delos.” ZPE 70 (1987), pp. 161–62.

———. “Nicanor son of Balacrus.” GRBS 47 (2007), pp. 401–12.

Landucci Gattinoni, Franca. L’arte del potere: Vita, e opere di Cassandro di Macedonia. Stuttgart, 2003.

———. “Cassander’s Wife and Heirs.” In Pat Wheatley and Robert Hannah, eds., Alexander & His Successors: Essays from the Antipodes, pp. 261–75. Claremont, Calif., 2009.

Wehrli, Claude. “Phila, fille d’Antipater et épouse de Démétrios, roi des Macédoniens.” Historia 13 (1964), pp. 140–46.

LEOSTHENES AND THE LAMIAN WAR

Ashton, Norman G. “The Lamian War: A False Start?” Antichthon 17 (1983), pp. 47–56.

———. “The Lamian War: Stat magni nominis umbra.JHS 104 (1984), pp. 152–57.

———. “The Naumachia near Amorgos in 322 B.C.” Annual of the British School of Athens 72 (1977), pp. 1–11.

Bosworth, A. B. “A New Macedonian Prince.” CQ 44 (1994), pp. 57–65.

———. “Why Did Athens Lose the Lamian War?” In Olga Palagia and Stephen V. Tracy, eds., The Macedonians in Athens, 322–229 B.C., pp. 14–22. Oxford, 2003.

Green, Peter. “Occupation and Co-existence: the Impact of Macedon on Athens, 323–307.” In Olga Palagia and Stephen V. Tracy, eds., The Macedonians in Athens, 322–229 B.C., pp. 1–6. Oxford, 2003.

Habicht, Christian. Athens from Alexander to Antony. Cambridge, Mass., 1997.

Mathieu, Georges. “Notes sur Athènes à la veille de la guerre lamiaque.” Revue de Philologie 3 (1929), pp. 159–83.

Schmitt, Oliver. Der Lamische Krieg. Bonn, 1992.

THE GREEK BACTRIAN REVOLT

Holt, Frank L. Alexander the Great and Bactria: The Formation of a Greek Frontier in Central Asia. New York, 1988.

Schober, Ludwig. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte Babyloniens und der Oberen Satrapien von 323–303 v. Chr. Frankfurt, 1981.

Sidky, H. The Greek Kingdom of Bactria: From Alexander to Eucratides the Great. Lanham, Md., 2000.

Thomas, C. G. “Alexander’s Garrisons: A Clue to His Administrative Plans?” Antichthon 8 (1974), pp. 11–20.

ANTIGONUS AND DEMETRIUS

Anson, Edward. “Antigonus, the Satrap of Phrygia.” Historia 37 (1988), pp. 471–77.

Bayliss, Andrew J. “Antigonos the One-Eyed’s Return to Asia in 322: A New Restoration for a Rasura in IG II2 682.” ZPE 155 (2006), pp. 108–26.

Billows, Richard A. Antigonos the One-Eyed and the Creation of the Hellenistic State. Berkeley, Calif., 1990.

Briant, Pierre. “Antigone le Borgne.” Centre de Recherches d’Histoire Ancienne 10 (1973), pp. 145–217.

Wehrli, Claude. Antigone et Démétrios. Geneva, 1968.

Wheatley, Pat. “The Young Demetrius Poliorcetes.” AHB 13, no. 1 (1999), pp. 1–13.

CHANDRAGUPTA AND INDIA

Bosworth, A. B. Alexander and the East: The Tragedy of Triumph. Oxford, 1996.

———. “Calanus and the Brahman Opposition.” In Wolfgang Will, ed., Alexander der Grosse: Eine Welteroberung und ihr Hintergrund, pp. 173–203. Bonn, 1988.

———. “The Indian Satrapies Under Alexander the Great.” Antichthon 17 (1983), pp. 37–45.

Matelli, Elisabetta. “Alessandro Magno e Candragupta: Origine delle notizie occidentali sulle dinastie Nanda e Maurya.” In Marta Sordi, ed., Alessandro Magno: Tra storia e mito, pp. 59–72. Milan, 1984.

Smith, Vincent A. The Early History of India: From 600 B.C. to the Muhammadan Conquest, Including the Invasion of Alexander the Great. Oxford, 1914.

Trautmann, Thomas R. Kautilya and the Arthasastra: A Statistical Investigation of the Authorship and Evolution of the Text. Leiden, 1971.

PTOLEMY AND EGYPT

Bouché-Leclerq, Auguste. Histoire des Lagides. Paris, 1903.

Burstein, Stanley M. “Alexander’s Organization of Egypt: A Note on the Career of Cleomenes of Naucratis.” In Timothy Howe and Jeanne Reames, eds., Macedonian Legacies: Studies in Ancient Macedonian History and Culture in Honor of Eugene N. Borza, pp. 183–94. Claremont, Calif., 2008.

Ellis, Walter M. Ptolemy of Egypt. New York, 2010.

Huss, Werner. Ägypten in hellenistischer Zeit, 332–30 v. Chr. Munich, 2001.

Rodriguez, Philippe. “L’évolution du monnayage de Ptolémée Ier au regard des événements militaires.” Cahiers Glotz 15 (2004), pp. 17–35.

Roisman, Joseph. “Ptolemy and His Rivals in His History of Alexander.” CQ 34 (1984), pp. 373–85.

Seibert, Jakob. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte Ptolemaios I. Munich, 1969.

Strasburger, Hermann. Ptolemaios und Alexander. Leipzig, 1934.

Turner, Eric. “Ptolemaic Egypt.” In The Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. 7, The Hellenistic World. Cambridge, U.K., 1984.

Wheatley, Pat. “Ptolemy Soter’s Annexation of Syria, 320 B.C.” CQ 45 (1995), pp. 433–40.

OLYMPIAS, CYNNANE, ADEA, AND THESSALONICE

Carney, Elizabeth. “The Career of Adea-Eurydike.” Historia 36 (1987), pp. 496–502.

———. “Olympias, Adea Eurydice, and the End of the Argead Dynasty.” In Ian Worthington, ed., Ventures into Greek History: Essays in Honor of N. G. L. Hammond, pp. 357–80. Oxford, 1994.

———. Olympias, Mother of Alexander the Great. New York, 2006.

———. “The Sisters of Alexander the Great: Royal Relicts.” Historia 37 (1988), pp. 385–404.

———. “Women and Military Leadership in Macedonia.” AncW 35 (2004), pp. 184–95.

———. Women and Monarchy in Macedonia. Norman, Okla., 2000.

Heckel, Waldemar. “Kynnane the Illyrian.” Rivista Storica dell’Antichità 13–14 (1983–84), pp. 193–200.

———. “Polyxena, the Mother of Alexander the Great.” Chiron 11 (1981), pp. 79–86.

Macurdy, Grace H. Hellenistic Queens: A Study of Woman Power in Macedonia, Seleucid, Syria, and Ptolemaic Egypt. New York, 1932.

Miron, Dolores. “Transmitters and Representatives of Power: Royal Women in Ancient Macedonia.” Ancient Society 30 (1970), pp. 35–52.

EUMENES

Anson, Edward. “Discrimination and Eumenes of Cardia.” AncW 3 (1980), pp. 55–59.

———. Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek Among Macedonians. Leiden, 2004.

———. “The Siege of Nora: A Source Conflict.” GRBS 18 (1977), pp. 251–56.

Bosworth, A. B. “Eumenes, Neoptolemus, and PSI XII. 1284.” GRBS 19 (1978), pp. 227–37.

———. “History and Artifice in Plutarch’s Eumenes.” In Philip A. Stadter, ed., Plutarch and the Historical Tradition, pp. 56–89. London, 1992.

Briant, Pierre. “D’Alexandre le Grand aux diadoques: Le cas d’Eumène de Kardia.” Revue des Études Anciennes 74 (1972), pp. 32–73.

———. “D’Alexandre le Grand aux diadoques: Le cas d’Eumène de Kardia.” Revue des Études Anciennes 75 (1973), pp. 43–81.

Devine, A. M. “Diodorus’ Account of the Battle of Gabiene.” AncW 12 (1985), pp. 87–96.

———. “Diodorus’ Accounts of the Battle of Paraitacene (317 B.C.).” AncW 12 (1985), pp. 75–96.

Dixon, Michael. “Corinth, Greek Freedom, and the Diadochoi.” In Waldemar Heckel, Lawrence Tritle, and Pat Wheatley, eds., Alexander’s Empire: Formulation to Decay, pp. 151–78. Claremont, Calif., 2007.

Hadley, Robert A. “A Possible Lost Source for the Career of Eumenes of Kardia.” Historia 50 (2001), pp. 3–33.

Landucci Gattinoni, Franca. “Eumene: Epelus aner kai xenos.” In Marta Sordi, ed., Conoscenze etniche e rapporti di convivenza nell’antichità, pp. 98–107. Milan, 1979.

Picard, Charles. “Le trône vide d’Alexandre dans la cérémonie de Cyinda et le culte du trône vide à travers le monde Gréco-Romain.” Cahiers Archeologies 7 (1964), pp. 1–17.

Roisman, Joseph. “Hieronymus of Cardia: Causation and Bias from Alexander to His Successors.” In Elizabeth Carney and Daniel Ogden, eds., Philip II and Alexander the Great: Father and Son, Lives and Afterlives, pp. 135–48. Oxford and N.Y., 2010.

Schäfer, Christoph. Eumenes von Kardia und der Kampf um die Macht im Alexanderreich. Frankfurt, 2002.

Thompson, W. E. “PSI 1284, Eumenes of Cardia vs. the Phalanx.” Chronique d’Égypte 59 (1984), pp. 113–20.

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RHOXANE, ALEXANDER IV, BARSINE, AND HERACLES

Brunt, P. A. “Alexander, Barsine, and Heracles.” Rivista di Filologia 103 (1975), pp. 22–34.

Heckel, Waldemar. “IGii2 561 and the Status of Alexander IV.” ZPE 40 (1980), pp. 249–50.

Holt, Frank L. “Alexander the Great’s Little Star.” History Today 38, no. 9 (1988), pp. 30–39.

Kosmetatou, Elizabeth. “Rhoxane’s Dedications to Athena Polias.” ZPE 146 (2004), pp. 75–80.

Tarn, William W. “Heracles Son of Barsine.” JHS 41 (1921), pp. 18–28.

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