Ancient History & Civilisation

TIMELINE

753 BC:

The foundation of Rome.

509:

The downfall of the monarchy, and the establishment of the Republic.

504:

The arrival of Attius Clausus in Rome.

390:

The Gauls sack Rome.

312:

Work begins on the Appian Way.

205:

Scipio Africanus becomes consul at the age of thirty-one.

187:

Scipio Africanus is charged with embezzlement.

186:

The Senate attempts to ban the worship of Liber.

91:

The Italian revolt against Rome breaks out.

67:

Pompey given command of the Mediterranean.

65:

Birth of Gaius Octavius.

59:

Julius Caesar as consul. The First Triumvirate.

53:

The battle of Carrhae: Crassus loses his eagles.

49:

Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon. Civil war breaks out.

45:

Julius Caesar defeats his last enemies in the field.

44:

The assassination of Julius Caesar.

43:

Livia marries Tiberius Claudius Nero. The forming of the Second Triumvirate. Proscriptions in Rome.

42:

The battle of Philippi. The former Gaius Octavius becomes Caesar Divi Filius. Livia gives birth to Tiberius.

41:

Widespread confiscation of land across Italy.

40:

The sack of Perusia. Livia and her husband flee Italy.

39:

Livia returns to Rome.

38:

Marriage of Livia to Caesar Divi Filius. Birth of her second son, Drusus. Caesar Divi Filius starts to call himself Imperator Caesar.

33:

Agrippa, as aedile, sluices out Rome’s drains.

31:

Battle of Actium. Maecenas gives Horace a Sabine farm.

30:

The deaths of Antony and Cleopatra. The annexation of Egypt.

29:

Imperator Caesar celebrates three triumphs. Crassus defeats the Bastarnians.

28:

Completion of the temple of Apollo on the Palatine.

27:

Imperator Caesar becomes Augustus. The ‘Augustan settlement’.

23:

Augustus, seemingly on his deathbed, recovers. He lays down his consulship, and is awarded new powers by the Senate. Death of Marcellus.

22:

Augustus leaves Rome on a tour of the East.

21:

Agrippa marries Julia.

20:

Augustus reclaims the eagles lost by Crassus. Birth of Gaius to Agrippa and Julia.

19:

Augustus returns to Rome.

18:

Augustus’s adultery laws. Birth of Lucius, Gaius’s younger brother.

17:

Rome celebrates the dawning of a new cycle of time. Augustus adopts Gaius and Lucius. Marcus Lollius loses his eagle to a German raiding party.

15:

Birth of Germanicus.

12:

Augustus becomes Pontifex Maximus. The death of Agrippa. Drusus inaugurates an altar to Rome and Augustus in Lugdunum.

11:

The marriage of Tiberius and Julia. The birth of Claudius.

8:

The death of Horace.

9:

The death of Drusus. Tiberius escorts his body back to Rome.

6:

Tiberius retires to Rhodes.

2:

Augustus is awarded the title ‘Father of his Country’. He dedicates the temple of Mars the Avenger. Julia is engulfed by a sex scandal, and exiled.

1:

Gaius sets out for the East.

AD 2:

Tiberius returns to Rome. The death of Lucius.

4:

Death of Gaius. Augustus adopts Tiberius, who adopts Germanicus.

6:

The Pannonian Revolt.

8:

The exile of Augustus’s granddaughter, Julia. The exile of Ovid.

9:

Ovid arrives in Tomis. The battle of the Teutoburg Pass.

10:

Tiberius takes command of the German front.

12:

Tiberius returns to Rome for his triumph. The birth of Caligula.

14:

The death of Augustus. Tiberius becomes Princeps. The execution of Agrippa Postumus. Mutiny in Pannonia and on the Rhine.

15:

Sejanus becomes sole Praetorian prefect.

16:

Tiberius recalls Germanicus to Rome. The capture of Clemens.

17:

Germanicus leaves for the East. The death of Ovid.

19:

The death of Germanicus. The return of Agrippina to Italy. The death of Arminius.

20:

The trial and suicide of Piso.

23:

The death of Tiberius’s son, Drusus.

25:

Sejanus tries, and fails, to marry Livilla. The trial of Cremutius Cordus.

26:

Tiberius leaves Rome for Campania.

27:

Tiberius settles on Capri. The collapse of the amphitheatre at Fidenae.

28:

The trial of Titus Sabinus.

29:

The death of Livia. The exile of Germanicus’s wife, Agrippina.

31:

Caligula is summoned to Capri. The fall of Sejanus.

33:

The death of Agrippina.

37:

The death of Tiberius. Caligula becomes emperor. He falls ill, then recovers. The birth of Nero.

38:

The death and consecration of Drusilla.

39:

Caligula denounces the Senate, marries Milonia Caesonia, and leaves for Germany. The execution of Lepidus, and the banishment of Caligula’s two surviving sisters, Agrippina and Julia Livilla.

40:

Caligula on the shores of the Channel, before returning to Italy. He crosses a bridge of boats at Baiae. He enters Rome, and suppresses a conspiracy.

41:

The assassination of Caligula. Claudius becomes emperor. Agrippina and Julia Livilla are recalled from exile. Julia Livilla is promptly sent back into exile. Seneca is exiled to Corsica. The deification of Livia.

42:

A coup against Claudius is suppressed. Suetonius Paulinus crosses the Atlas mountains. Work begins on developing Ostia.

43:

The invasion of Britain.

47:

The trial and suicide of Valerius Asiaticus.

48:

The downfall of Messalina.

49:

Claudius marries Agrippina. Seneca is recalled from exile.

50:

Claudius adopts Nero.

51:

The capture of Caratacus.

53:

Nero marries Octavia.

54:

The death of Claudius. Nero becomes emperor.

55:

The death of Britannicus.

58:

Nero falls in love with Poppaea Sabina.

59:

The murder of Agrippina. Nero celebrates the first shaving of his beard.

60:

Boudicca’s revolt.

61:

The murder of the City Prefect by one of his own slaves.

62:

The death of Burrus and promotion of Tigellinus to the Praetorian prefecture. Nero divorces, exiles and executes Octavia. He marries Poppaea Sabina.

64:

Nero performs in public for the first time, in Naples. Tigellinus’s party on the Campus Martius. The Great Fire of Rome.

65:

Piso’s conspiracy. Seneca commits suicide. The death of Poppaea Sabina.

66:

The visit of Tiridates to Rome. Nero leaves for Greece.

67:

Nero competes in the Olympic Games and marries Sporus. He returns to Rome.

68:

The rebellion of Julius Vindex. The death of Nero. Galba becomes emperor.

69:

The death of Galba. Otho, Vitellius and Vespasian become emperor in succession.

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