There are good reasons for the length of this bibliography. The loss of nearly all our literary sources for the era of the Successors, and the patchiness and unreliability of the sources that remain, mean that the period is a playground for scholars. My job in this book is to reach as wide an audience as possible. This means that I have not gone into scholarly controversies, nor have I generally interrupted the flow of the book with other arguments and positions. The notes have largely been restricted to referencing quotations and alerting the reader to major controversies. The list that follows, then, is intended to be full enough to guide any reader who wants to go on to read more detailed and more nuanced accounts. I have omitted many books and even more articles, especially if they were written in a language other than English. I have marked with an asterisk those works which seem to me to be indispensable, or at least the most useful of their class. The ancient sources are, of course, all essential.


Among the lost sources for the era of Alexander the Great and his Successors, the greatest loss is the work of Hieronymus of Cardia, an eyewitness attached to the courts, in turn, of Eumenes (possibly a cousin), Antigonus Monophthalmus, Demetrius Poliorcetes, and Antigonus Gonatas. See J. Hornblower, Hieronymus of Cardia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981), and J. Roisman, ‘Hieronymus of Cardia: Causation and Bias from Alexander to His Successors’, in. E. Carney and D. Ogden (eds), Philip II and Alexander the Great: Father and Son, Lives and Afterlives (New York: Oxford University Press, 2010), 135–48.

The most important literary source that remains is Diodorus of Sicily (late first cent. BCE). Books 18–20 of his Library of History constitute the only continuous narrative of the age of the Successors, though after 302 BCE his work remains only in pitiful fragments. But others add substance in the form of alternative traditions or corroboration: Appian, Syrian History 52–64 (second cent. ce = Roman History 11.52– 64); Q. Curtius Rufus, The History of Alexander (first cent. CE), book 10; Justin (M. Junianus Justinus, perhaps third cent. ce), digest of books 13–17 of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus (late first cent. BCE); Cornelius Nepos (first cent. BCE), Lives of Eumenes, Phocion; Plutarch (first/second cent. ce), Lives of Alexander, Eumenes, Demetrius, Demosthenes, Phocion, Pyrrhus; Polyaenus (2nd cent. ce), Stratagems, esp. book 4.

A number of fragmentary histories are also relevant, of which the most important is that of Arrian (L. Flavius Arrianus, second cent. ce), After Alexander (fragments, and lamentably brief summary by Photius of Constantinople, ninth cent. ce). Others include P. Herennius Dexippus (third cent. ce), After Alexander (fragments, and summary by Photius of Constantinople, ninth cent. ce); Duris of Samos (fourth/third cent. BCE); Memnon of Heraclea Pontica (second cent. ce); and Philochorus of Athens (fourth/third cent.BCE). These fragments are collected in F. Jacoby, Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker (Berlin: Weidmann, 1923–58; CD-ROM ed, Leiden: Brill, 2004): Arrian is FGrH 156; Dexippus is FGrH 100; Duris is FGrH 76; Hieronymus is FGrH 154; Memnon is FGrH434; Philochorus is FGrH 328. Jacoby’s monumental work is currently being revised under the editorship of I. Worthington, to be published in various formats by Brill.

Arrian’s fragments are also collected in the second volume of the Teubner Arrian, edited by A. Roos and G. Wirth (1967). Two recently discovered fragments have not yet been incorporated into either Jacoby or the Teubner text. The best versions of these two fragments can be found in, respectively, A. B. Bosworth, “Eumenes, Neoptolemus and PSI XII 1284,” Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 19 (1978), 227–37, and B. Dreyer, “The Arrian Parchment in Gothenburg: New Digital Processing Methods and Initial Results,” in W. Heckel et al. (eds.), Alexander’s Empire: Formulation to Decay (Claremont: Regina, 2007), 245–63. There is a translation of and brief historical commentary on a few of the fragments by W. Goralski, “Arrian’s Events after Alexander : Summary of Photius and Selected Fragments,” Ancient World 19 (1989), 81–108.


Translations of the relevant works by Appian, Diodorus, Nepos, and Plutarch can most easily be found in the Loeb Classical Library series, published by Harvard University Press. These translations tend to be a bit old-fashioned, however; in fact, those of Diodorus and Appian are out of copyright, and also available on the Web. Otherwise, for Curtius: Quintus Curtius Rufus: The History of Alexander, trans. by J. C. Yardley, introduction by W. Heckel (London: Penguin, 1984). And for Justin: Justin: Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus, trans. by J. C. Yardley, introduction by R. Develin (Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1994).

Excerpts from the literary sources, along with translations of inscriptions, cuneiform texts, and papyri, have been collected in a number of sourcebooks:

Ager, S., 1996, Interstate Arbitrations in the Greek World, 337–90BC(Berkeley: University of California Press). [inscriptions and literary sources]

*Austin, M., 2006, The Hellenistic World from Alexander to the Roman Conquest: A Selection of Ancient Sources in Translation (2nd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). [literary sources, inscriptions, papyri]

Bagnall, R., and Derow, P., 2004, The Hellenistic Period: Historical Texts in Translation (2nd ed., Oxford: Blackwell) (1st ed. title: Greek Historical Documents: The Hellenistic Period). [inscriptions and papyri]

Burstein, S., 1985, The Hellenistic Age from the Battle of Ipsos to the Death of Kleopatra VII (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). [literary sources, inscriptions, papyri]

Grant, F., 1953, Hellenistic Religions: The Age of Syncretism (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill). [inscriptions and literary sources]

Harding, P., 1985, From the End of the Peloponnesian War to the Battle of Ipsus (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). [inscriptions and literary sources]

*Heckel, W., n.d., The Successors of Alexander the Great: A Sourcebook ( [almost entirely literary sources]

Heckel, W., and Yardley, J. C., 2004, Alexander the Great: Historical Texts in Translation (Oxford: Blackwell). [literary sources]

Inwood, B., and Gerson, L., 1997, Hellenistic Philosophy: Introductory Readings (2nd ed., Indianapolis: Hackett). [literary sources]

Sage, M., 1996, Warfare in Ancient Greece: A Sourcebook (London: Routledge). [literary sources, inscriptions, papyri]

Van der Spek, R., and Finkel, I., n.d., Babylonian Chronicles of the Hellenistic Period ( [cuneiform sources]

Welles, C. B., 1934/1974, Royal Correspondence in the Hellenistic Period (New Haven: Yale University Press; repr. Chicago: Ares). [inscriptions]

Dating the Early Hellenistic Period

The dating of events in the first dozen years of this period is highly complex and controversial. There are two basic dating schemes, but many scholars nowadays tweak one or the other rather than adopt either wholesale. For a good introduction, see P. Wheatley, “An Introduction to the Chronological Problems in Early Diadoch Sources and Scholarship,” in W. Heckel et al. (eds.), Alexander’s Empire: Formulation to Decay (Claremont: Regina, 2007), 179–92. In this book, I have followed the most recent work on this intractable problem, which is that of T. Boiy in his Between High and Low: A Chronology of the Early Hellenistic Period (Berlin: Verlag Antike, 2008). Boiy also includes a definitive bibliography (up to 2007), to which the interested reader is referred.


Abel, F.-M., 1937, “L’expédition des grecs à Pétra en 312 avant J.-C.,” Revue Biblique 46, 373–91.

Adams, W. L., 1983, “The Dynamics of Internal Macedonian Politics in the Time of Cassander,” Ancient Macedonia 3, 2–30.

Adams, W. L., 1984, “Antipater and Cassander: Generalship on Restricted Resources in the Fourth Century,” Ancient World 10, 79–88.

Adams, W. L., 1986, “Macedonian Kingship and the Right of Petition,”Ancient Macedonia 4, 43–52.

Adams, W. L., 1991, “Cassander, Alexander IV and the Tombs at Vergina,”Ancient World 22, 27–33.

Adams, W. L., 1997, “The Successors of Alexander,” in L. Tritle (ed.), The Greek World in the Fourth Century (London: Routledge), 228–48.

*Adams, W. L., 2004, Alexander the Great: Legacy of a Conqueror (London: Longman).

Adams, W. L., 2006, “The Hellenistic Kingdoms,” in Bugh 2006a, 28–51.

Alcock, S., et al. (eds.), 2001, Empires: Perspectives from Archaeology and History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

*Algra, K., et al. (eds.), 1999, The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Andronicos, M., 1992, Vergina: The Royal Tombs (Athens: Athenon).

Anson, E., 1977, “The Siege of Nora: A Source Conflict,”Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 18, 251–56.

Anson, E., 1985, “Macedonia’s Alleged Constitutionalism,” Classical Journal 80, 303–16.

Anson, E., 1986, “Diodorus and the Date of Triparadeisus,”American Journal of Philology 107, 208–17.

Anson, E., 1988, “Antigonus, the Satrap of Phrygia,” Historia 37, 471–77.

Anson, E., 1990, “Neoptolemus and Armenia,” Ancient History Bulletin 4, 125–28.

Anson, E., 1991, “The Evolution of the Macedonian Army Assembly (330–315 BC),” Historia 40, 230–47.

Anson, E., 1992, “Craterus and the Prostasia,” Classical Philology 87, 38–43.

Anson, E., 2004, Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek among Macedonians (Leiden: Brill).

Anson, E., 2006, “The Chronology of the Third Diadoch War,” Phoenix 60, 226–35.

Anson, E., 2008, “Macedonian Judicial Assemblies,” Classical Philology 103, 135–49.

Aperghis, G. G., 2004a, “City Building and the Seleukid Royal Economy,” in Z. Archibald et al. (eds.), Making, Moving and Managing: The New World of Ancient Economies, 323–31BC(Oxford: Oxbow), 27–43.

*Aperghis, G. G., 2004b, The Seleukid Royal Economy: The Finances and Financial Administration of the Seleukid Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Aperghis, G. G., 2008, “Managing an Empire—Teacher and Pupil,” in S. Darbandi and A. Zournatzi (eds.), Ancient Greece and Ancient Iran: Cross-Cultural Encounters (Athens: National Hellenic Research Foundation), 137–47.

Archibald, Z., 1998, The Odrysian Kingdom of Thrace: Orpheus Unmasked (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Ashton, N., 1977, “The Naumachia near Amorgos in 322 BC,”Annual of the Bristish School at Athens 72, 1–11.

Ashton, N., 1983, “The Lamian War—A False Start?,” Antichthon 17, 47–63.

Ashton, N., 1993, “Craterus from 324 to 321 BC,” Ancient Macedonia 5, 125–31.

Ashton, N., and Parkinson, S., 1990, “The Death of Alexander the Great: A Clinical Reappraisal,” in A. M. Tamis (ed.), Macedonian Hellenism (Melbourne: River Seine), 27–36.

*Atkinson, J. (ed.), and Yardley, J. C. (trans.), 2009, Curtius Rufus: Histories of Alexander the Great, Book 10 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

*Austin, M., 1986, “Hellenistic Kings, War and the Economy,” Classical Quarterly n.s. 36, 450–66.

Austin, M., 2001, “War and Culture in the Seleucid Empire,” in T. Bekker-Nielsen and L. Hannestad (eds.), War as a Cultural and Social Force: Essays in Warfare in Antiquity (Cophenhagen: Royal Danish Academy of Science and Letters), 90–109.

*Austin, M., 2003, “The Seleukids and Asia,” in Erskine 2003, 121–33.

*Badian, E., 1961/1966, “Harpalus,” Journal of Hellenic Studies 81 (1961), 16–43 (repr. in Griffith 1966, 206–33).

Badian, E., 1962/1964, “The Struggle for the Succession to Alexander the Great” (a review article originally published in Gnomon 34), in id., Studies in Greek and Roman History (Oxford: Blackwell), 262–69.

Badian, E., 1981, “The Deification of Alexander the Great,” in H. J. Dell (ed.), Ancient Macedonian Studies in Honor of Charles F. Edson (Thessaloniki: Institute for Balkan Studies), 27–71.

Bagnall, R., 1976, The Administration of the Ptolemaic Possessions outside Egypt (Leiden: Brill).

*Bagnall, R., 1984, “The Origins of Ptolemaic Cleruchs,”Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists 21, 7–20.

Bagnall, R., 1997, “Decolonizing Ptolemaic Egypt,” in Cartledge et al. 1997, 225–41.

Baker, P., 2003, “Warfare,” in Erskine 2003, 373–88.

Balsdon, J. P. V. D., 1950/1966, “The “Divinity” of Alexander,” Historia 1, 363–88 (repr. in Griffith 1966, 179–204).

Barr-Sharrar, B., and Borza, E. (eds.), 1982, Macedonia and Greece in Late Classical and Hellenistic Times (Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art = Studies in the History of Art, vol. 10).

Battersby, C., 2007, “What Killed Alexander the Great?,”The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery 77, 85–7.

Bayliss, A., 2006, “Antigonus the One-Eyed’s Return to Asia in 322: A New Restoration for a Rasura in IG II2 682,” Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 155, 108–26.

Baynham, E., 1994, “Antipater: Manager of Kings,” in Worthington 1994a, 331–56.

Baynham, E., 2003, “Antipater and Athens,” in Palagia/Tracy 2003, 23–9.

Bengtson, H., 1987, Die Diadochen: Die Nachfolger Alexanders des Grossen (323–281 v. Chr.) (Munich: Beck).

Bennett, B., and Roberts, M., 2008/2009, The Wars of the Successors, 323–281BC, vol. 1: Commanders and Campaigns; vol. 2: Battles and Tactics (Barnsley: Pen & Sword).

Berlin, A., 1997, “Between Large Forces: Palestine in the Hellenistic Period,”Biblical Archaeologist 60, 2–51.

*Berthold, R., 1984, Rhodes in the Hellenistic Age (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press).

Beston, P., 2000, “Hellenistic Military Leadership,” in H. van Wees (ed.), War and Violence in Ancient Greece (London/Swansea: Duckworth/The Classical Press of Wales), 315–35.

Billows, R., 1989, “Anatolian Dynasts: The Case of the Macedonian Eupolemos in Karia,” Classical Antiquity 8, 173–206.

*Billows, R., 1990, Antigonos the One-Eyed and the Creation of the Hellenistic State (Berkeley: University of California Press).

*Billows, R., 1995, Kings and Colonists: Aspects of Macedonian Imperialism (Leiden: Brill, 1995).

Billows, R., 2003, “Cities,” in Erskine 2003, 196–215.

*Bingen, J., 2007, Hellenistic Egypt: Monarchy, Society, Economy, Culture, ed. R. Bagnall (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Boiy, T., 2010, “Royal and Satrapal Armies in Babylon during the Second Diadoch War. The Chronicle of the Successors on the Events during the Seventh Year of Philip Arrhidaeus (= 317/316 BC),”Journal of Hellenic Studies 130, 1–13.

*Borza, E., 1990, In the Shadow of Olympus: The Emergence of Macedon (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Borza, E., and Palagia, O., 2007, “The Chronology of the Macedonian Royal Tombs at Vergina,” Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 122, 81–126.

Borza, E., and Reames-Zimmerman, J., 2000, “Some New Thoughts on the Death of Alexander the Great,” Ancient World 31, 22–30.

*Bosworth, A. B., 1971, “The Death of Alexander the Great: Rumour and Propaganda,” Classical Quarterly n.s. 21, 112–36.

Bosworth, A. B., 1980, “Alexander and the Iranians,” Journal of Hellenic Studies 100, 1–21.

Bosworth, A. B., 1988, Conquest and Empire: The Reign of Alexander the Great (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Bosworth, A. B., 1992, “Philip III Arrhidaeus and the Chronology of the Successors,” Chiron 22, 56–81.

Bosworth, A. B., 1993, “Perdiccas and the Kings,” Classical Quarterly n.s. 43, 420–27.

Bosworth, A. B., 2000, “Ptolemy and the Will of Alexander,” in Bosworth/Baynham 2000, 207–41.

*Bosworth, A. B., 2002, The Legacy of Alexander: Politics, Warfare, and Propaganda under the Successors (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Bosworth, A. B., 2003, “Why Did Athens Lose the Lamian War?,” in Palagia/Tracy 2003, 14–22.

Bosworth, A. B., and Baynham, E. (eds.), 2000, Alexander the Great in Fact and Fiction (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Bowen, J., 1972, A History of Western Education, vol. 1:The Ancient World: Orient and Mediterranean, 2000BC ad 1054 (London: Methuen).

Braund, D., 2003, “After Alexander: The Emergence of the Hellenistic World,” in Erskine 2003, 19–34.

Breebaart, A., 1967, “King Seleucus I, Antiochus, and Stratonice,” Mnemosyne ser. 4, 20, 154–64.

Briant, P., 1973, Antigone le Borgne: Les débuts de sa carrière et les problèmes de l’assemblée macédonienne (Paris: Centre de Recherches d’Histoire Ancienne). Briant, P., 1978/1982, “Colonisation hellénistique et peuples indigènes. La phase d’installation,”Klio 60, 57–92 (repr. in id., Roi, tributs et paysans: É tudes sur les formations tributaires du Moyen-Orient ancien (Besançon: Université de Besançon), 227–62).

Briant, P., 1985, “Iraniens d’Asie Mineure après la chute de l’empire achéménide,” Dialogues d’histoire ancienne 11, 167–95.

Briant, P., 1990, “The Seleucid Kingdom and the Achaemenid Empire,” in P. Bilde et al. (eds.), Religion and Religious Practice in the Seleucid Kingdom (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press), 40–65.

Briant, P., 2002, From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire, trans. P. Daniels (Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns).

Briant, P., and Joannès, F. (eds.), 2006, La transition entre l’empire achéménide et les royaumes hellénistiques (Paris: de Boccard).

*Briant, P., 2010, Alexander the Great and His Empire: A Short Introduction, trans. A. Kuhrt (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

*Bringmann, K., 1994, “The King as Benefactor: Some Remarks on Ideal Kingship in the Age of Hellenism,” in Bulloch et al. 1994, 7–24.

Brunt, P., 1975, “Alexander, Barsine and Heracles,”Rivista di Filologia e d’Instruzione Classica 103, 22–34.

Bugh, G. (ed.), 2006a, The Cambridge Companion to the Hellenistic World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Bugh, G., 2006b, “Hellenistic Military Developments,” in Bugh 2006a, 265–94.

Bulloch, A., et al. (eds.), 1994, Images and Ideologies: Self-Definition in the Hellenistic World (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994).

Burn, L., 2005, Hellenistic Art from Alexander the Great to Augustus (Los Angeles: Getty Publications).

Burstein, S., 1974, Outpost of Hellenism: The Emergence of Heraclea on the Black Sea (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Burstein, S., 1980, “Lysimachus and the Greek Cities of Asia: The Case of Miletus,” Ancient World 3, 73–9.

Burstein, S., 1984, “Lysimachus the Gazophylax : A Modern Scholarly Myth?,” in W. Heckel and R. Sullivan (eds.), Ancient Coins of the Graeco-Roman World (Waterloo: Wilfred Laurier University Press), 57–68.

Burstein, S., 1986a, “Lysimachus and the Greek Cities: The Early Years,”Ancient World 14, 19–24.

Burstein, S., 1986b, “Lysimachus and the Greek Cities: A Problem in Interpretation,” Ancient Macedonia 4, 133–38.

Burstein, S., 2003/2008, “The Legacy of Alexander: New Ways of Being Greek in the Hellenistic Period,” in W. Heckel and L. Tritle (eds.), Crossroads of History: The Age of Alexander (Claremont: Regina), 217–42 (repr. as “Greek Identity in the Hellenistic Period,” in K. Zacharia (ed.), Hellenisms: Culture, Identity, and Ethnicity from Antiquity to Modernity (Aldershot: Ashgate), 59–77).

Canfora, L., 1990, The Vanished Library: A Wonder of the Ancient World (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Carlier, P., 2000, “Homeric and Macedonian Kingship,” in R. Brock and S. Hodkinson (eds.), Alternatives to Athens: Varieties of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 259–68.

Carlsen, J., et al. (eds.), 1993, Alexander the Great: Reality and Myth (Rome: “L’Erma” di Bretschneider).

Carney, E., 1983, “Regicide in Macedonia,” La Parola del Passato 38, 260–72.

Carney, E., 1994, “Olympias, Adea Eurydice, and the End of the Argead Dynasty,” in Worthington 1994a, 357–80.

Carney, E., 1995, “Women and Basileia : Legitimacy and Female Political Action in Macedonia,” Classical Journal 90, 367–91.

Carney, E., 1999, “The Curious Death of the Antipatrid Dynasty,” Ancient Macedonia 6, 209–16.

*Carney, E., 2000a, Women and Monarchy in Macedonia (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press).

Carney, E., 2000b, “The Initiation of Cult for Royal Macedonian Women,”Classical Philology 95, 21–43.

Carney, E., 2001, “The Trouble with Philip Arrhidaeus,” Ancient History Bulletin 15, 63–89.

Carney, E., 2004, “Women and Military Leadership in Macedonia,” Ancient World 35, 184–95.

*Carney, E., 2006, Olympias, Mother of Alexander the Great (London: Routledge).

Carney, E., and Ogden, D. (eds.), 2010, Philip II and Alexander the Great: Father and Son, Lives and Afterlives (New York: Oxford University Press).

Cartledge, P., 2000, “Greek Political Thought: The Historical Context,” in C. Rowe and M. Schofield (eds.), The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Political Thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 11–22.

Cartledge, P., 2004, Alexander the Great: The Hunt for a New Past (London: Macmillan).

Cartledge, P., et al. (eds.), 1997, Hellenistic Constructs: Essays in Culture, History, and Historiography (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Cawkwell, G., 1994, “The Deification of Alexander the Great: A Note,” in Worthington 1994a, 293–306.

*Chamoux, F., 2003, Hellenistic Civilization, trans. M. Roussel (Oxford: Blackwell).

Champion, J., 2009, Pyrrhus of Epirus (Barnsley: Pen & Sword).

Chaniotis, A., 2003, “The Divinity of Hellenistic Rulers,” in Erskine 2003, 431–45.

*Chaniotis, A., 2005, War in the Hellenistic World (Oxford: Blackwell).

Clarysse, W., 1985, “Greeks and Egyptians in the Ptolemaic Army and Administration,” Aegyptus 65, 57–66.

Cohen, G., 1978, The Seleucid Colonies: Studies in Founding, Administration and Organization (Wiesbaden: Steiner = Historia Einzelschriften 30).

Cole, S.G., 1984, Theoi Megaloi: The Cult of the Great Gods at Samothrace (Leiden: Brill).

Collins, A., 2001, “The Office of Chiliarch under Alexander and the Successors,” Phoenix 55, 259–83.

Collins, N., 1997, “The Various Fathers of Ptolemy I,” Mnemosyne ser. 4, 50, 436–76.

*Collins, N., 2000, The Library in Alexandria and the Bible in Greek (Leiden: Brill).

Connor, P. (ed.), 1994, Ancient Macedonia: An Australian Symposium (Sydney: Meditarch = Mediterranean Archaeology 7, 1–126).

*Cribb, J., and Herrmann, G. (eds.), 2007, After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press = Proceedings of the British Academy 133).

Decleva Caizzi, F., 1994, “The Porch and the Garden: Early Hellenistic Images of the Philosophical Life,” in Bulloch et al. 1994, 303–29.

Delev, P., 2000, “Lysimachus, the Getae and Archaeology,” Classical Quarterly n.s. 50, 384–401.

Delev, P., 2003, “Lysimachus and the Third War of the Successors (314–311 BC),” in H. Angelova (ed.), Thracia Pontica VI.2 (Sofia: Center for Underwater Archaeology), 63–70.

Depuydt, L., 1997, “The Time of Death of Alexander the Great: 11 June 323 BC (–322), ca. 4:00–5:00 pm,” Die Welt des Orients 28, 117–35 (with an appendix in id., From Xerxes’ Murder (465) to Arridaios’ Execution (317): Updates to Achaemenid Chronology (Oxford: Archaeopress, 2008), 47–51).

Devine, A. M., 1984, “Diodorus’ Account of the Battle of Gaza,” Acta Classica 27, 31–40.

Devine, A. M., 1985a, “Diodorus’ Account of the Battle of Paraitacene (317 b.c.),” Ancient World 12, 75–86.

Devine, A. M., 1985b, “Diodorus’ Account of the Battle of Gabiene,” Ancient World 12, 87–96.

Dimitrov, D., and imageiimageikova, M., 1978, The Thracian City of Seuthopolis, trans. M. P. Alexieva (Oxford: Archaeopress).

*Dixon, M., 2007, “Corinth, Greek Freedom, and the Diadochoi, 323–301 BC,” in Heckel et al. 2007, 151–78.

Dmitriev, S., 2004, “Alexander’s Exiles Decree,” Klio 86, 34–81.

Dmitriev, S., 2007, “The Last Marriage and the Death of Lysimachus,”Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 47, 135–49.

Dreyer, B., 2009, “Heroes, Cults, and Divinity,” in Heckel/Tritle 2009, 218–34.

Eckstein, A., 2009, “Hellenistic Monarchy in Theory and Practice,” in R. Balot (ed.), A Companion to Greek and Roman Political Thought (Oxford: Blackwell), 247–65.

*Eddy, S., 1961, The King Is Dead: Studies in the Near Eastern Resistance to Hellenism 334–31BC(Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press).

Ehrenberg, V., 1969, The Greek State (2nd ed., London: Methuen).

Ellis, W., 1994, Ptolemy of Egypt (London: Routledge).

Engels, D., 1978a, “A Note on the Death of Alexander,” Classical Philology 73, 224–28.

Engels, D., 1978b, Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Epplett, C., 2007, “War Elephants in the Hellenistic World,” in Heckel et al. 2007, 209–32.

Errington, R. M., 1970, “From Babylon to Triparadeisos: 323–320 BC,”Journal of Hellenic Studies 90, 49–77.

Errington, R. M., 1974, “Macedonian ‘Royal Style’ and Its Historical Significance,” Journal of Hellenic Studies 94, 20–37.

Errington, R. M., 1976, “Alexander in the Hellenistic World,” in E. Badian (ed.), Alexandre le Grand: Image et réalité (Geneva: Fondation Hardt), 137–79.

Errington, R. M., 1977, “Diodorus Siculus and the Chronology of the Early Diadochi,” Hermes 105, 478–504.

Errington, R. M., 1978, “The Nature of the Macedonian State under the Monarchy,” Chiron 8, 77–133.

Errington, R. M., 1990, A History of Macedonia, trans. C. Errington (Berkeley: University of California Press).

*Errington, R. M., 2008, A History of the Hellenistic World (Oxford: Blackwell).

*Erskine, A., 1995, “Culture and Power in Ptolemaic Egypt: The Museum and Library of Alexandria,” Greece and Rome 42, 38–48.

*Erskine, A., 2002, “Life after Death: Alexandria and the Body of Alexander,” Greece and Rome 49, 163–79.

Erskine, A. (ed.), 2003, A Companion to the Hellenistic World (Oxford: Blackwell).

Ferguson, J., 1973, The Heritage of Hellenism (London: Thames and Hudson).

Ferguson, J., 1975, Utopias in the Classical World (London: Thames and Hudson).

Ferguson, W. S., 1948, “Demetrius Poliorcetes and the Hellenic League,” Hesperia 17, 112–36.

Fraser, P., 1972, Ptolemaic Alexandria, 3 vols. (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Fraser, P., 1996, Cities of Alexander the Great (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Fredricksmeyer, E., 1979, “Divine Honors for Philip II,”Transactions of the American Philological Association 109, 39–61.

Fredricksmeyer, E., 1981, “On the Background of the Ruler Cult,” in H. J. Dell (ed.), Ancient Macedonian Studies in Honor of Charles F. Edson (Thessaloniki: Institute for Balkan Studies), 145–56.

Fredricksmeyer, E., 2000, “Alexander the Great and the Kingdom of Asia,” in Bosworth/Baynham 2000, 136–66.

Frösén, J. (ed.), 1997, Early Hellenistic Athens: Symptoms of a Change (Helsinki: Finnish Institute at Athens).

Gabbert, J., 1997, Antigonos II Gonatas: A Political Biography (London: Routledge). Garlan, Y., 1984, “War and Siegecraft,” in Walbank et al. 1984, 353–62.

Goukowsky, P., 1978/1981, Essai sur les origines du mythe d’Alexandre, 336–270 av. J.-C., 2 vols. (Nancy: Université de Nancy).

Grainger, J., 1990a, The Cities of Seleukid Syria (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

*Grainger, J., 1990b, Seleukos Nikator: Constructing a Hellenistic Kingdom (London: Routledge).

*Grainger, J., 1992, Hellenistic Phoenicia (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Grainger, J., 1999, The League of the Aetolians (Leiden: Brill).

Grainger, J., 2007, Alexander the Great Failure: The Collapse of the Macedonian Empire (New York: Continuum).

*Green, P., 1990, Alexander to Actium: The Historical Evolution of the Hellenistic Age (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Green, P., 1991, Alexander of Macedon, 356–323BC : A Historical Biography (Berkeley: University of California Press).

*Green, P. (ed.), 1993, Hellenistic History and Culture (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Green, P., 2003, “Delivering the Go(o)ds: Demetrius Poliorcetes and Hellenistic Divine Kingship,” in G. Bakewell and J. Sickinger (eds.), Gestures: Essays in Ancient History, Literature and Philosophy Presented to Alan L. Boegehold (Oxford: Oxbow, 2003), 258–77.

Green, P., 2007, The Hellenistic Age: A Short History (New York: The Modern Library).

Greenwalt, W., 1984, “The Search for Arrhidaeus,” Ancient World 10, 69–77.

Greenwalt, W., 1988, “Argaeus, Ptolemy II and Alexander’s Corpse,”Ancient History Bulletin 2, 39–41.

Greenwalt, W., 1989, “Polygamy and Succession in Argead Macedonia,” Arethusa 22, 19–43.

Greenwalt, W., 1999, “Argead Name Changes,” Ancient Macedonia 6, 453–62.

Greenwalt, W., 2010, “Argead Dunasteia during the Reigns of Philip II and Alexander III: Aristotle Reconsidered,” in Carney/Ogden 2010, 151–63 (and endnotes).

Griffith, G. T., 1935/1984, The Mercenaries of the Hellenistic World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; repr. Chicago: Ares Press).

Griffith, G. T. (ed.), 1966, Alexander the Great: The Main Problems (Cambridge: Heffer).

Gruen, E., 1985, “The Coronation of the Diadochoi,” in J. Eadie and J. Ober (eds.), The Craft of the Ancient Historian: Essays in Honor of C. G. Starr (Lanham: University Press of America), 253–71.

Gruen, E., 1993, “The Polis in the Hellenistic World,” in R. Rosen and J. Farrell (eds.), Nomodeiktes: Studies in Honor of Martin Ostwald (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press), 339–54.

*Gutzwiller, K., 2007, A Guide to Hellenistic Literature (Oxford: Blackwell). Habicht, C., 1970, Gottmenschentum und griechische Städte (2nd ed., Munich: Beck).

*Habicht, C., 1997, Athens from Alexander to Antony, trans. D. Schneider (Cambridge: Harvard University Press).

Hadley, R. A., 1974, “Royal Propaganda of Seleucus I and Lysimachus,”Journal of Hellenic Studies 94, 50–65.

Hadot, P., 2002, “The Hellenistic Schools,” ch. 7 (pp. 91–145) of What Is Ancient Philosophy?, trans. M. Chase (Cambridge: Harvard University Press).

Hahm, D., 2000, “Kings and Constitutions: Hellenistic Theories,” in C. Rowe and M. Schofield (eds.), The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Political Thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 457–76.

Hamilton, J. R., 1984, “The Origins of Ruler-Cult,” Prudentia 16, 3–16.

Hammond, N. G. L., 1984, “Alexander’s Veterans after His Death,” Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 25, 51–61.

Hammond, N. G. L., 1985, “Some Macedonian Offices c. 336–309 BC,”Journal of Hellenic Studies 105, 156–60.

Hammond, N. G. L., 1988, “The Royal Journal of Alexander,” Historia 37, 129–50.

Hammond, N. G. L., 1989a, The Macedonian State: The Origins, Institutions, and History (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Hammond, N. G. L., 1989b, Alexander the Great: King, Commander and Statesman (2nd ed., Bristol: Bristol Classical Press).

Hammond, N. G. L., 1989c, “Arms and the King: The Insignia of Alexander the Great,” Phoenix 43, 217–24.

Hammond, N. G. L., 1993, “The Macedonian Imprint on the Hellenistic World,” in Green 1993, 12–23 (with a response by E. Borza, 23–35).

Hammond, N. G. L., 1999, “The Nature of the Hellenistic States,”Ancient Macedonia 6, 483–88.

Hammond, N. G. L., 2000, “The Continuity of Macedonian Institutions and the Macedonian Kingdoms of the Hellenistic Era,” Historia 49, 141–60.

*Hammond, N. G. L., Griffith, G. T., and Walbank, F. W., 1972/1979/1988, A History of Macedonia, 3 vols. (Oxford: Oxford University Press). The third volume, by Hammond and Walbank, is of most relevance to this book.

Hatzopoulos, M., 1996, Macedonian Institutions under the Kings: A Historical and Epigraphical Study, 2 vols. (Athens: Center for Greek and Roman Antiquity).

Hauben, H., 1974, “A Royal Toast in 302 BC,” Ancient Society 5, 105–17.

Hauben, H., 1977a, “The First War of the Successors (321 BC): Chronological and Historical Problems,” Ancient Society 8, 85–120.

Hauben, H., 1977b, “Rhodes, Alexander and the Diadochi from 333/2–304 BC,” Historia 26, 307–39.

Heckel, W., 1982, “The Career of Antigenes,” Symbolae Osloenses 57, 57–67.

Heckel, W., 1985, “The Macedonian Veterans in Kilikia,” Liverpool Classical Monthly 10, 109–10.

Heckel, W., 1988, The Last Days and Testament of Alexander the Great: A Prosopographic Study (Stuttgart: Steiner =Historia Einzelschriften 56).

*Heckel, W., 1992, The Marshals of Alexander’s Empire (London: Routledge, 1992). [Much of the material of this book is repeated in id., Who’s Who in the Age of Alexander: Prosopography of Alexander’s Empire (Oxford: Blackwell, 2006).]

Heckel, W., 1999, “The Politics of Antipatros, 324–319 BC,” Ancient Macedonia 6, 489–98.

Heckel, W., 2002, “The Politics of Distrust: Alexander and His Successors,” in D. Ogden (ed.), The Hellenistic World: New Perspectives (London: Duckworth), 81–95.

Heckel, W., 2007, “The Earliest Evidence for the Plot to Poison Alexander,” in Heckel et al. 2007, 265–75.

*Heckel, W., and Tritle, L. (eds.), 2009, Alexander the Great: A New History (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell).

Heckel, W., et al. (eds.), 2007, Alexander’s Empire: Formulation to Decay (Claremont: Regina).

Herman, G., 1980–81, “The ‘Friends’ of the Early Hellenistic Rulers: Servants or Officials?” Talanta 12–13, 103–49.

Herman, G., 1997, “The Court Society of the Hellenistic Age,” in Cartledge et al. 1997, 199–224.

Hölbl, G., 2000, A History of the Ptolemaic Empire, trans. T. Saavedra (London: Routledge).

Holt, F., 1988, Alexander the Great and Bactria: The Formation of a Greek Frontier in Central Asia (Leiden: Brill).

Holt, F., 1999, Thundering Zeus: The Making of Hellenistic Bactria (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Hope Simpson, R., 1954, “The Political Circumstances of the Peace of 311 BC,” Journal of Hellenic Studies 74, 25–31.

Hope Simpson, R., 1955, “Ptolemaeus’ Invasion of Greece in 313 BC,”Mnemosyne ser. 4, 8, 34–7.

Hope Simpson, R., 1957, “Antigonus, Polyperchon and the Macedonian Regency,” Historia 6, 371–73.

Hope Simpson, R., 1959, “Antigonus the One-Eyed and the Greeks,”Historia 8, 385–409.

Howe, S., 2002, Empire: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

*Hughes Fowler, B., 1989, The Hellenistic Aesthetic (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press).

Hunter, R., 2003, “Literature and Its Contexts,” in Erskine 2003, 477–93.

Invernizzi, A., 1996, “Seleucia on the Tigris: Centre and Periphery in Seleucid Asia,” in P. Bilde et al. (eds.), Centre and Periphery in the Hellenistic World (2nd ed., Aarhus: Aarhus University Press), 230–50.

Jenkins, G., 1967, “The Monetary Systems in the Early Hellenistic Time with Special Regard to the Economic Policy of the Ptolemaic Kings,” in A. Kindler (ed.), Proceedings of the International Numismatic Convention, Jerusalem 1963 (Tel Aviv: Schocken), 53–74.

Johnson, C., 2000, “Ptolemy I’s Epiklesis Soter : Origin and Definition,”Ancient History Bulletin 14, 101–6.

Johnson, C., 2002, “OGIS 98 and the Divinization of the Ptolemies,” Historia 5, 112–16.

Jones, A. H. M., 1940, The Greek City from Alexander to Justinian (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Jordan, D., 1980, “Two Inscribed Lead Tablets from a Well in the Athenian Kerameikos,” Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts: Athenische Abteilung 95, 225–39.

Kertész, I., 1974, “Ptolemy I and the Battle of Gaza,” Studia Aegyptica, 231–41.

Koenen, L., 1994, “The Ptolemaic King as a Religious Figure,” in Bulloch et al. 1994, 25–115.

Kuhrt, A., 1996, “The Seleucid Kings and Babylonia: New Perspectives,” in P. Bilde et al. (eds.), Aspects of Hellenistic Kingship (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press), 41–54.

Kuhrt, A., and Sherwin-White, S., 1994, “The Transition from Achaemenid to Seleucid Rule in Babylonia: Revolution or Evolution?,” Achaemenid History 8, 311–27.

*Kuhrt, A., and Sherwin-White, S. (eds.), 1988, Hellenism in the East: The Interaction of Greek and Non-Greek Civilizations from Syria to Central Asia after Alexander (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Landucci Gattinoni, F., 1992, Lisimaco di Tracia: Un sovrano nella prospettiva del primo ellenismo (Milan: Jaca, 1992).

Landucci Gattinoni, F., 2003, L’arte del potere: Vita e opere di Cassandro di Macedonia (Stuttgart: Steiner =Historia Einzelschriften 171).

Landucci Gattinoni, F., 2009, “Cassander’s Wife and Heirs,” in Wheatley/Hannah 2009, 261–75.

Landucci Gattinoni, F., 2010, “Cassander and the Legacy of Philip II and Alexander III in Diodorus’ Library,” in Carney/Ogden 2010, 113–21 (and endnotes).

*Lane Fox, R., 1973, Alexander the Great (London: Allen Lane).

Lattimore, S., 1997, “Art and Architecture,” in L. Tritle (ed.), The Greek World in the Fourth Century (London: Routledge, 1997), 249–82.

Launey, M., 1949/1950, Recherches sur les armées hellénistiques, 2 vols. (Paris: Bibliothèque des écoles françaises d’Athènes et de Rome).

Lianou, M., 2010, “The Role of the Argeadai in the Legitimation of the Ptolemaic Dynasty,” in Carney/Ogden 2010, 123–33 (and endnotes).

Lightfoot, J., 2000, “Sophisticates and Solecisms: Greek Literature after the Classical Period,” in O. Taplin (ed.), Literature in the Greek World (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 199–238.

Ling, R., 1984, The Cambridge Ancient History: Plates to Volume VII Part 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

*Lloyd, G. E. R., 1973, Greek Science after Aristotle (New York: Norton).

Lock, R., 1977, “The Macedonian Army Assembly in the Time of Alexander the Great,” Classical Philology 72, 91–107.

*Lund, H., 1992, Lysimachus: A Study in Early Hellenistic Kingship (London: Routledge).

Ma, J., 2000, “Fighting Poleis of the Hellenistic World,” in H. van Wees (ed.), War and Violence in Ancient Greece (London/Swansea: Duckworth/The Classical Press of Wales), 337–76.

Ma, J., 2003, “Kings,” in Erskine 2003, 177–95.

Macurdy, G., 1929, “The Political Activities and the Name of Cratesipolis,” American Journal of Philology 50, 273–78.

Macurdy, G., 1932a/1985, Hellenistic Queens: A Study of Woman-Power in Macedonia, Seleucid Syria, and Ptolemaic Egypt (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press; repr. Chicago: Ares).

Macurdy, G., 1932b, “Roxane and Alexander IV in Epirus,” Journal of Hellenic Studies 52, 256–61.

Manning, J., 2003, Land and Power in Ptolemaic Egypt: The Structure of Land Tenure (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

*Manning, J., 2007, “Hellenistic Egypt,” in W. Scheidel et al. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of the Greco-Roman World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 434–59.

*Manning, J., 2010, The Last Pharaohs: Egypt under the Ptolemies, 305–30BC (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

Marr, J., and Calisher, C., 2003, “Alexander the Great and West Nile Virus Encephalitis,” Emerging Infectious Diseases 12, 1599–1603.

Marsden, E., 1969, Greek and Roman Artillery: Historical Development (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Martin, L., 1987, Hellenistic Religions: An Introduction (New York: Oxford University Press).

Martin, T., 1996, “Adeimantos of Lampsakos and Demetrios Poliorketes’ Fraudulent Peace of 302 BC,” in R. Wallace and E. Harris (eds.), Transitions to Empire: Essays in Greco-Roman History, 360–146, in Honor of E. Badian (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press), 179–90.

McKechnie, P., 1999, “Manipulation of Themes in Quintus Curtius Rufus Book 10,” Historia 48, 44–60.

McKenzie, L., 1994, “Patterns in Seleucid Administration: Macedonian or Near Eastern?,” in Connor 1994, 61–68.

McNicoll, A., and Milner, N., 1997, Hellenistic Fortifications from the Aegean to the Euphrates (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

*Meeus, A., 2008, “The Power Struggle of the Diadochoi in Babylonia, 323 BC,” Ancient Society 38, 39–82.

Meeus, A., 2009a, “Some Institutional Problems concerning the Succession to Alexander the Great: Prostasia and Chiliarchy,” Historia 58, 287–310.

Meeus, A., 2009b, “Kleopatra and the Diadochoi,” in P. van Nuffelen (ed.), Faces of Hellenism: Studies in the History of the Eastern Mediterranean (4th CenturyBC –5th Century AD) (Leuven: Peeters), 63–92.

Meeus, A., 2009c, “Alexander’s Image in the Age of the Successors,” in Heckel/Tritle 2009, 235–50.

Mendels, D., 1984/1998, “Aetolia 331–301: Frustration, Political Power, and Survival,” Historia 33, 129–80 (repr. in id., Identity, Religion and Historiography: Studies in Hellenistic History (Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press), 36–100).

Merker, I., 1979, “Lysimachus—Thessalian or Macedonian?” Chiron 9, 31–6.

*Migeotte, L., 2009, The Economy of the Greek Cities from the Archaic Period to the Early Roman Empire, trans. J. Lloyd (Berkeley: University of California Press).

Mikalson, J., 1998, Religion in Hellenistic Athens (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998).

*Mikalson, J., 2006, “Greek Religion: Continuity and Change in the Hellenistic Period,” in Bugh 2006a, 208–22.

Miller, S., 1986, “Alexander’s Funeral Cart,” Ancient Macedonia 4, 401–11.

Miller, S., 1993, The Tomb of Lyson and Kallikles: A Painted Macedonian Tomb (Mainz am Rhein: von Zabern).

Mitchell, L., 2007, “Born to Rule? Succession in the Argead Royal House,” in Heckel et al. 2007, 61–74.

Mookerji, R. K., 1966/1999, Chandragupta Maurya and His Times, 4th ed. (New Delhi: South Asia Books; repr. Delhi: Banarsidass).

Mooren, L., 1983, “The Nature of the Hellenistic Monarchy,” in E. Van’t Dack et al. (eds.), Egypt and the Hellenistic World (Leuven: Peeters), 205–40.

Mooren, L., 1998, “Kings and Courtiers: Political Decision-Making in the Hellenistic States,” in W. Schuller (ed.), Politische Theorie und Praxis im Altertum (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft), 122–33.

Morris, I., and Scheidel, W., 2009, The Dynamics of Ancient Empires: State Power from Assyria to Byzantium (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Morrison, J. S., 1987, “Athenian Sea-Power in 323/2 BC : Dream and Reality,” Journal of Hellenic Studies 107, 88–97.

Mueller, K., 2006, Settlements of the Ptolemies: City Foundation and New Settlement in the Hellenistic World (Leuven: Peeters).

Murray, W., 2012, The Age of Titans: Big Ships and the Exercise of Naval Power during the Hellenistic Age (New York: Oxford University Press).

Musti, D., 1984, “Syria and the East,” in Walbank et al. 1984, 175–220.

Mylonas, G., 1961, Eleusis and the Eleusinian Mysteries (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul). Nielsen, I., 1994, Hellenistic Palaces: Tradition and Renewal (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press).

*Ogden, D., 1999, Polygamy, Prostitutes and Death: The Hellenistic Dynasties (London: Duckworth).

*Oleson, J. (ed.), 2008, The Oxford Handbook of Engineering and Technology in the Classical World (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

*Oliver, G., 2007, War, Food, and Politics in Early Hellenistic Athens (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

O’Neil, J., 1999, “Political Trials under Alexander the Great and His Successors,” Antichthon 33, 28–47.

O’Neil, J., 2000, “Royal Authority and City Law under Alexander and His Hellenistic Successors,” Classical Quarterly n.s. 50, 424–31.

O’Sullivan, L., 2008, “Le Roi Soleil : Demetrius Poliorcetes and the Dawn of the Sun King,” Antichthon 42, 78–99.

*O’Sullivan, L., 2009, The Regime of Demetrius of Phalerum in Athens, 317–307BC : A Philosopher in Politics (Leiden: Brill).

Pagden, A., 2001, Peoples and Empires: A Short History of European Migration, Exploration and Conquest from Greece to the Present (London: Modern Library, 2001).

*Palagia, O., and Tracy, S. (eds.), 2003, The Macedonians in Athens, 322–229BC (Oxford: Oxbow).

Paspalas, S., 2005, “Philip Arrhidaios at Court—An Ill-Advised Persianism? Macedonian Royal Display in the Wake of Alexander,” Klio 87, 72–101.

*Pollitt, J. J., 1986, Art in the Hellenistic Age (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Pomeroy, S., 1977, “Technikai kai Mousikai : The Education of Women in the Fourth Century and in the Hellenistic Period,” American Journal of Ancient History 2, 51–68.

*Potter, D., 2003, “Hellenistic Religion,” in Erskine 2003, 407–30.

Potts, D., 1990, The Arabian Gulf in Antiquity, vol. 2:From Alexander the Great to the Coming of Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Von Reden, S., 2001, “The Politics of Monetization in Third-Century BC Egypt,” in A. Meadows and K. Shipton (eds.), Money and Its Uses in the Ancient Greek World (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 65–76.

Von Reden, S., 2007, Money in Ptolemaic Egypt from the Macedonian Conquest to the End of the Third Century BC (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Ridgway, B., 2001, Hellenistic Sculpture, vol. 1:The Styles of ca. 331–200BC(Madison: University of Wisconsin Press).

Robert, L., 1966/2007, “Sur un décret d’Ilion et sur un papyrus concernant des cultes royaux,” in A. Samuel (ed.), Essays in Honor of C. B. Welles (New Haven: American Society of Papyrologists), 175–210 (repr. in id., Choix d’écrits, ed. D. Rousset (Paris: Les Belles Lettres), 569–601).

Robertson, M., 1993, “What Is “‘Hellenistic’ about Hellenistic Art?,” in Green 1993, 67–90 (with a response by J. J. Pollitt, 90–103).

Rodgers, W., 1937, Greek and Roman Naval Warfare: A Study of Strategy, Tactics, and Ship Design from Salamis (480BC) to Actium (31 BC ) (Annapolis: Naval Institute Press).

Roisman, J. (ed.), 2003, Brill’s Companion to Alexander the Great (Leiden: Brill).

*Romm, J., 2011, Ghost on the Throne: The War for the Corpse, Crown and Empire of Alexander the Great (New York: Simon & Schuster).

Rostovtzeff, M., 1941, The Social and Economic History of the Hellenistic World, 3 vols. (London: Oxford University Press).

Rowlandson, J., 2003, “Town and Country in Ptolemaic Egypt,” in Erskine 2003, 249–63.

Roy, J., 1998, “The Masculinity of the Hellenistic King,” in L. Foxhall and J. Salmon (eds.), When Men Were Men: Masculinity, Power and Identity in Classical Antiquity (London: Routledge), 111–35.

Saatsoglou-Paliadeli, C., 2007, “La peinture de la chasse de Vergina,” in S. Deschamps-Lequime (ed.), Peinture et couleur dans le monde grec antique (Paris: Musée de Louvre), 47–55.

Sabin, P., 2007, “Land Battles,” in P. Sabin et al. (eds.), The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Warfare (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 399–433.

Samuel, A., 1993, “The Ptolemies and the Ideology of Kingship,” in Green 1993, 168–92 (with a response by D. Delia, 192–204).

Sanders, L., 1991, “Dionysius I of Syracuse and the Origins of Ruler Cult in the Greek World,” Historia 40, 275–87.

Scharfe, H., 1971, “The Maurya Dynasty and the Seleucids,” Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung 85, 211–25.

Schep, L., 2009, “The Death of Alexander the Great: Reconsidering Poison,” in Wheatley/Hannah 2009, 227–36.

Schlumberger, D., 1969, “Triparadisos,” Bulletin du Musée de Beyrouth 22, 147–49.

Schober, L., 1981, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte Babyloniens und der oberen Satrapien von 323–303 v. Chr. (Frankfurt: Lang).

Scullard, H., 1974, The Elephant in the Greek and Roman World (Ithaca: Cornell University Press).

Seibert, J., 1983, Das Zeitalter der Diadochen (Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft).

Seyrig, H., 1988, “Seleucus I and the Foundation of Hellenistic Syria,” in W. A. Ward (ed.), The Role of the Phoenicians in the Interaction of Mediterranean Civilizations (Beirut: American University of Beirut), 53–63.

Sfameni Gasparro, G., 1997, “Daimôn and Tuchê in the Hellenistic Religious Experience,” in P. Bilde et al. (eds.), Conventional Values of the Hellenistic Greeks (Aarhus: Aarhus University Press), 67–109.

Sharples, I., 1994, “Curtius’ Treatment of Arrhidaeus,” in Connor 1994, 53–60.

Sharples, R., 2006, “Philosophy for Life,” in Bugh 2006a, 223–40.

Shear, T. L., 1978, Kallias of Sphettos and the Revolt of Athens in 286BC(Princeton: American School of Classical Studies at Athens = Hesperia supp. 17).

Sherwin-White, S., and Kuhrt, A., 1993, From Samarkhand to Sardis: A New Approach to the Seleucid Empire (Berkeley: University of California Press).

*Shipley, G., 2000, The Greek World after Alexander, 323–30 BC(London: Routledge).

Shipley, G., and Hansen, M., 2006, “The Polis and Federalism,” in Bugh 2006a, 52–72.

*Smith, R. R. R., 1988, Hellenistic Royal Portraits (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

De Souza, P., 2007, “Naval Battles and Sieges,” in P. Sabin et al. (eds.), The Cambridge History of Greek and Roman Warfare (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 434–60.

*Spawforth, A., 2007, “The Court of Alexander the Great between Europe and Asia,” in id. (ed.), The Court and Court Society in Ancient Monarchies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 82–120.

*Stewart, A., 1993, Faces of Power: Alexander’s Image and Hellenistic Politics (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993).

Stewart, A., 2006, “Hellenistic Art: Two Dozen Innovations,” in Bugh 2006a, 158–85.

Stoneman, R., 1991, The Greek Alexander Romance (London: Penguin).

Taylor, M., 1998, “When the Peiraieus and the City Are Reunited,”Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 123, 207–12.

*Thompson, D., 1997, “The Infrastructure of Splendour: Census and Taxes in Ptolemaic Egypt,” in Cartledge et al. 1997, 242–57.

*Thompson, D., 2001, “Hellenistic Hellenes: The Case of Ptolemaic Egypt,” in I. Malkin (ed.), Ancient Perceptions of Greek Ethnicity (Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies), 301–22.

*Thompson, D., 2003, “The Ptolemies and Egypt,” in Erskine 2003, 105–20.

Tuplin, C., 2008, “The Seleucids and Their Achaemenid Predecessors: A Persian Inheritance?,” in S. Darbandi and A. Zournatzi (eds.), Ancient Greece and Ancient Iran: Cross-Cultural Encounters (Athens: National Hellenic Research Foundation), 109–36.

Turner, E., 1984, “Ptolemaic Egypt,” in Walbank et al. 1984, 118–74.

*Van der Spek, R., 2007, “The Hellenistic Near East,” in W. Scheidel et al. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of the Greco-Roman World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), 409–33.

Van Straten, F., 1994, “Images of Gods and Men in a Changing Society: Self-Identity in Hellenistic Religion,” in Bulloch et al. 1994, 248–64.

*Walbank, F. W., 1984, “Monarchies and Monarchic Ideas,” in id. et al. 1984, 62–100.

Walbank, F. W., 1992, The Hellenistic World (2nd ed., London: Fontana).

Walbank, F. W., et al. (eds.), 1984, The Cambridge Ancient History, vol. 7 Part 1: The Hellenistic World (2nd ed., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Wehrli, C., 1964, “Phila, fille d’Antipater et épouse de Démétrios, roi des Macédoniens,” Historia 13, 140–46.

Wheatley, P., 1995, “Ptolemy Soter’s Annexation of Syria 320 BC,” Classical Quarterly n.s. 45, 433–40.

Wheatley, P., 1997, “The Lifespan of Demetrius Poliorcetes,” Historia 46, 19–27.

Wheatley, P., 1998a, “The Date of Polyperchon’s Invasion of Macedonia and Murder of Herakles,” Antichthon 32, 12–23.

Wheatley, P., 1998b, “The Chronology of the Third Diadoch War,” Phoenix 52, 257–81.

Wheatley, P., 2001, “The Antigonid Campaign in Cyprus, 306 BC,” Ancient Society 31, 133–56.

Wheatley, P., 2002, “Antigonus Monophthalmus in Babylonia, 310–308 BC,” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 61, 39–47.

Wheatley, P., 2009a, “The Diadochi, or Successors to Alexander,” in Heckel/Tritle 2009, 53–68.

Wheatley, P., 2009b, “The Besieger in Syria 314–312 BC. Historiographic and Chronological Notes,” in Wheatley/Hannah 2009, 323–33.

Wheatley, P., and Hannah, R. (eds.), 2009, Alexander and His Successors: Essays from the Antipodes (Claremont: Regina).

Will, E., 1984, “The Succession to Alexander” and “The Formation of the Hellenistic Kingdoms,” trans. F. McDonagh, in Walbank et al. 1984, 23–61, 101–17.

Williams, J., 1984, “A Note on Athenian Chronology, 319/8–318/7 BC,” Hermes 112, 300–5.

Williams, J., 1989, “Demades’ Last Years, 323/2–319/8 BC : A ‘Revisionist’ Interpretation,” Ancient World 19, 19–30.

Wolski, J., 1984, “Les Séleucides et l’héritage d’Alexandre le Grand en Iran,” in B. Virgilio (ed.), Studi Ellenistici, vol. 1 (Pisa: Giardini), 9–20.

Worthington, I. (ed.), 1994a, Ventures into Greek History (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Worthington, I., 1994b, “Alexander and Athens in 324/3 BC : On the Greek Attitude to the Macedonian Hegemony,” in Connor 1994, 45–51.

Worthington, I., 1994c, “The Harpalus Affair and the Greek Response to the Macedonian Hegemony,” in id. 1994a, 307–30.

*Worthington, I. (ed.), 2002, Alexander the Great: A Reader (London: Routledge).

If you find an error please notify us in the comments. Thank you!