Ancient History & Civilisation

The Collapse of Rome: Marius, Sulla and the First Civil War, 91-70 BC

The Collapse of Rome: Marius, Sulla and the First Civil War, 91-70 BC

By the early first century BC, the Roman Republic had already carved itself a massive empire and was easily the most powerful state in the Mediterranean. Roman armies had marched victoriously over enemies far and wide, but the Roman heartland was soon to feel the tramp of armies on campaign as the Republic was convulsed by civil war and rival warlords vied for supremacy, sounding the first death knell of the Republican system. At the center of the conflict was the rivalry between Marius, victor of the Jugurthine and Northern wars, and his former subordinate, Sulla. But, as Gareth Sampson points out in this new analysis, the situation was much more complex than the traditional view portrays it and the scope of the First Civil War both wider and longer.

Introduction – When is a Civil War not a Civil War?

Key conflicts of the First Civil War, 91–70 BC

The Oncoming Storm

Chapter 1. The Road to Civil War

Chapter 2. War in Italy (91–87 BC)

From Crisis to Collapse

Chapter 3. Coups and Counter-coups in Rome (88 BC)

Chapter 4. The Consuls at War (87 BC)

Chapter 5. Peace in Italy – a World at War (86–84 BC)

Total Civil War

Chapter 6. The War for Italy (83–82 BC)

Chapter 7. Peace in Italy – a World at War II (82–79 BC)

From Collapse to Recovery

Chapter 8. The Wars in Italy and Spain (78–77 BC)

Chapter 9. The War in Spain (77–74 BC)

Chapter 10. War on Two Fronts: Spain and Asia (74–71 BC)

Chapter 11. The Rise of the New Republic (71–70 BC)

Appendix I: On the Offensive – Roman Expansion in the 70s BC

Appendix II: The New Republic’s First Challenge – The Attempted Coups of 65 and 63 BC

Appendix III: Two Decades of Bloodshed – Roman Senatorial Causalities in the First Civil War

Notes and References