Ancient History & Civilisation

Bibliography

ABBREVIATIONS

020

ANCIENT TEXTS

Aelian, On the Characteristics of Animals, ed. & tr. A. Scholfield. 3 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1958–9

Ammianus Marcellinus, History, ed. & tr. J. Rolfe. 3 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1935–9

Apollodorus, The Library, ed. & tr. J. Frazier. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1913

Appian, Roman History [inc. Civil Wars], ed. & tr. H. White. 4 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1912–13

Aristophanes, Acharnians, Knights, ed. & tr. B. Bickley Rogers. Cambridge, Mass., 1930

Aristotle, The Art of Rhetoric, ed. & tr. J. Freese. Cambridge, Mass., 1947

——Poetics, ed. & tr. S. Halliwell. Cambridge, Mass., 1995

——Politics, ed. & tr. H. Rackham. Cambridge, Mass., 1932

Arrian, The Anabasis of Alexander, ed. & tr. P. Brunt. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1976–83

——Indike, ed. & French tr. P. Chantraine. Paris, 1927

Athenaeus, The Deipnosophists [The Learned Banqueters], ed. & tr. S. Olson & C. Gulick. 7 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1927–41

Aulus Gellius, Attic Nights, ed. & tr. J. Rolfe. 3 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1961–8

Aurelius Victor, De Caesaribus [On the Caesars], tr. H. Bird. Liverpool, 1994

Cicero, On the Agarian Law against Rullus, in Pro Quinctio [etc.], ed. & tr. J. Freese. Cambridge, Mass., 1930

——On Behalf of Scaurus, in Pro Milone [etc.], ed. & tr. N. Watts. Cambridge, Mass., 1992

——On Catiline, in In Catinilam [etc.], ed. & tr. L. Lord. Cambridge, Mass., 1937

——On Divination Book I, ed. & tr. D. Wardle. Oxford, 2006

——Letters to Friends, ed. & tr. D. Shackleton Bailey. 3 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 2001

——M. Tulli Ciceronis de imperio Cn. Pompei ad Quirites oratio [etc.] [On the Command of Gnaeus Pompey], ed. C. Macdonald. London, 1966

——On the Nature of the Gods, in De Natura Deorum [etc.], ed. & tr. H. Rackham. Cambridge, Mass., 1933

——Philippics, ed. & tr. W. Kerr. Cambridge, Mass., 1969

——The Republic, Laws, in De Re Publica [etc.], ed. & tr. C. Keyes. Cambridge, Mass., 1994

——The Verrine Orations, ed. & tr. L. Greenwood. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1928–35

CIS = Corpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum. Pars Prima Inscriptiones Phoenicias Continens. Paris, 1881

Cleitarchus, Scholia Platonica, ed. W. Greene. Chicago, 1981

Clement of Alexandria, Stromateis [Miscellanies], ed. O. Stählin. 2 vols. Leipzig, 1906–9

Columella, On Agriculture, ed. & tr. E. Forster & E. Heffner. 3 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1941–55

Cornelius Nepos, Hamilcar, Hannibal, Timoleon, in Lives of Eminent Commanders , ed. & tr. J. Rolfe. London, 1929

Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum. Berlin, 1863–

Corpus Iuris Civilis, vol. 1, ed. T. Mommsen & P. Krueger. Berlin, 1954; ed. & tr. A. Watson. 4 vols. Rev. edn. Philadelphia, 2009

De Viris Illustribus [Deeds of Famous Men], ed. & tr. W. Sherwin. Norman, Okla., 1973

Dio Cassius, Roman History, ed. & tr. E. Cary. 9 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1917–27

Diodorus Siculus, The Library of History, ed. & tr. C. Oldfather et al. 12 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1960–67

Diogenes Laertius, Clitomachus, Herillus, in Lives of the Eminent Philosophers, ed. & tr. H. Hicks. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1925

Dionysius of Halicarnassus, The Roman Antiquities, ed. & tr. E. Cary. 7 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1948–50

Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus, ed. & tr. J. Yardley & R. Develin. Atlanta, Ga., 1994

Eusebius of Caeserea, Evangelica Praeparatio [Preparation for the Gospel], ed. H. Gifford. Oxford, 1903

Eutropius (‘Eutrope’), Abrégé d’histoire romaine [An Abridged History of Rome], ed. & French tr. J. Hellegouarch. Paris, 1999

Fabius Pictor, Fragments, in H. Beck (ed.), Die frühen römischen Historiker. Band I: Von Fabius Pictor bis Cn. Gellius. Darmstadt, 2001. 55–136

Festus Rufus Avienus, Ora Maritima or Description of the Seacoast, ed. & tr. J. Murphy. Chicago, 1999

FGH = F. Jacoby et al. (eds.), Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker. Leiden/Berlin, 1923–

Florus, Epitome of Roman History, ed. & tr. E. Forster. Cambridge, Mass., 1984

Frontinus, Stratagems, Aqueducts, ed. & tr. C. Bennett. Cambridge, Mass., 1925

Hanno the Carthaginian, Periplus or Circumnavigation [of Africa], ed. & tr. A. Oikonomides & M. Miller. Chicago, 1995

Herodotus, The Persian Wars, ed. & tr. A. Godley. 4 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1920–25

Hesiod, Theogony, ed. & tr. G. Most. Cambridge, Mass., 2007

Homer, Iliad, ed. & tr. A. Murray & W. Wyatt. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1999

——Odyssey, ed. & tr. A. Murray. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1984

Horace, The Complete Odes and Epodes, tr. D. West. Oxford, 2000

Iamblichus, On the Pythagorean Life, tr. G. Clark. Liverpool, 1989

ILLRP = Inscriptiones Latinae Liberae Rei Publicae, ed. H. Degrassi. 2 vols. Florence, 1957–63

Isocrates, To Nicocles, ed. & tr. S. Usher. Warminster, 1990

Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, ed. & tr. H. Thackeray et al. 13 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1930–65

Justin, Apologies, ed. A. Blunt. Cambridge, 1911

Justinian, Digest, ed. T. Mommsen, tr. A. Watson. Philadelphia, 1985

KAI = H. Donner & W. Röllig (eds.), Kanaanäische und aramäische Inschriften, 3rd edn, 3 vols. Wiesbaden, 1964

Lactantius, Divine Institutes, ed. & tr. A. Bowen & P. Garnsey. Liverpool, 2003

Livy, History of Rome [inc. Epitome], ed. & tr. B. Foster et al. 14 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1961–7

Lydus, Ioannes Laurentius (John Lydus), Liber de Mensibus [On the Months], ed. R. Wuensch. Leipzig, 1898

Lysias, Olympiacus, ed. & tr. W. Lamb. Cambridge, Mass., 2000

Macrobius, The Saturnalia, ed. & tr. P. Davies. New York, 1969

Martial, Epigrams, ed. & tr. D. Shackleton Bailey. 3 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1993

Naevius, Belli Punici Carminis Quae Supersunt [The Punic War], ed. W. Strzelecki. Leipzig, 1964

Nonnus, Dionysiaca, ed. & tr. W. Rouse. 3 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1940

Onasander, The General, ed. & tr. Illinois Greek Club. Cambridge, Mass., 1923

Oratorum Romanorum Fragmenta Liberae Rei Publicae, ed. H. Malcovati. Paravia, 1955

Orosius (‘Paul Orose’), Histoires contre les païens [History against the Pagans], ed. & French tr. M.-P. Arnaud-Lindet. 3 vols. Paris, 1990–91

Ovid, Fasti [The Festivals], ed. & tr. J. Frazer. Cambridge, Mass., 1931

Pausanias, Description of Greece, ed. & tr. W. Jones & R. Wycherley. 5 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1918–35

PCG = Poetae Comici Graeci, ed. M. Kassel & C. Austin. Berlin, 1983–

Philostratus, The Life of Apollonius of Tyana, ed. & tr. C. Jones. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 2005

Pindar, Nemean Odes, Isthmian Odes, Fragments, ed. & tr. W. Race. Cambridge, Mass., 1997

——Olympian Odes, Pythian Odes, ed. & tr. W. Race. Cambridge, Mass., 1997

Plato, Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Phaedo, Phaedrus, ed. & tr. H. North Fowler. Cambridge, Mass., 1914

——Laws, ed. & tr. R. Bury. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 4th repr. 1967–8

——Minos, in Charmides [etc.], ed. & tr. W. Lamb. Cambridge, Mass., 1927

Plautus, Mostellaria [The Haunted House], in The Merchant [etc.], ed. & tr. P. Nixon. Cambridge, Mass., 1924

——Poenulus in The Little Carthaginian [etc.], ed. & tr. P. Nixon. Cambridge, Mass., 1932

Pliny, Natural History, ed. & tr. H. Rackham, W. Jones & D. Eichholz. 10 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1962–7

Plutarch, De Herodoti malignitate [On the Malice of Herodotus], ed. W. Goodwin. Boston, 1878

——Moralia, ed. & tr. F. Babitt et al. 15 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1927–69

——Parallel Lives, ed. & tr. B. Perrin. 11 vols. (Camillus, Cato Major, Lucullus , Themistocles–vol. 2. Fabius Maximus, Pericles–vol. 3. Marcellus, Pompey–vol. 5. Timoleon–vol. 6. Alexander–vol. 7. Marius, Pyrrhus–vol. 9. Gaius Gracchus, Flaminius–vol. 10.) Cambridge, Mass., 1914–26

Polyaenus, Stratagems of War, in E. Woelfflin (ed.), Polyaeni Strategematon Libri Octo. Leipzig, 1887; tr. P. Krentz & E. Wheeler. Chicago, 1994

Polybius, The Histories, ed. & tr. W. Paton. 6 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1922–7

Pomponius Mela, De Chorographia [Description of the World], tr. F. Romer. Ann Arbor, 1998

Porphyry, On Abstinence from Killing Animals, ed. J. Bouffartigue, M. Patillon & A.-P. Segonds. 3 vols. Paris, 1979–95; tr. G. Clark. Ithaca, NY, 2000

Pseudo-Aristotle, Mirabiles Auscultationes, in A. Westermann (ed.), Paradoxographoi. Scriptores rerum Mirabilium Graeci. Amsterdam, 1963

Pseudo-Scylax, Periplus, in J. Hudson & J. Gail (eds.), Geographi Graeci Minores. Paris, 1831

Quintilian, The Orator’s Education, ed. & tr. D. Russell. 5 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 2001

Quintus Curtius Rufus, History of Alexander the Great, ed. & tr. J. Rolfe. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1946

Rhetorica ad Herennium, in (formerly attrib. Cicero) Ad C. Herennium [etc.], ed. & tr. H. Caplan. Cambridge, Mass., 1954

Sallust, War with Catiline, War with Jugurtha, Selections from the Histories, ed. & tr. J. Rolfe. Cambridge, Mass., 1931

Sempronius Tuditanus, Historicorum Romanorum Reliquiae, ed. H. Peter. Leipzig, 1906, 1914. 143–7

Servius, Commentary on Book Four of Virgil’s Aeneid, ed. & tr. C. McDonough, R. Prior & M. Stansbury, Wauconda, Ill., 2004

Silenus, in K. Müller (ed.), Fragmenta Historicorum Graecorum, vol. 3. Paris, 1849. 100–101

Silius Italicus, Punica, ed. & tr. J. Duff. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1934

Solinus, Collectanea Rerum Memorabilium, ed. T. Mommsen. Berlin, 1864

Statius, Silvae, ed. & tr. D. Shackleton Bailey. Cambridge, Mass., 2003

Stesichorus, Geryoneis, in Greek Lyric, vol. 3, ed. & tr. D. Campbell. Cambridge, Mass., 1991

Strabo, Geography, ed. & tr. H. Jones. 8 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1917–67

Suetonius, Augustus, Tiberius, in Suetonius, Lives of the Caesars, vol. 1, ed. & tr. J. Rolfe. Cambridge, Mass., 1914

Tertullian, De Pallio, in Opera, pt 4, ed. V. Bulhart & P. Borleffs. Vienna, 1957

Theophrastus, in Theophrastus of Eresus: Sources for his Life, Writings, Thought and Influence, ed. W. Fortenbaugh et al. 2 vols. Leiden, 1992

Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War, ed. & tr. C. Smith. 4 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1919–23

Tzetzes, Chiliades, ed. T. Pressel. Tübingen, 1851

Valerius Maximus (‘Valère Maxime’), Faits et dits mémorables [Memorable Deeds and Sayings], ed. & French tr. R. Combès. 2 vols. Paris, 1995–7

Varro, On Agriculture, ed. & tr. W. Hooper & H. Ash. Cambridge, Mass., 1934

——On the Latin Language, ed. & tr. R. Kent. Cambridge, Mass., 1938 Vegetius, Preface in Vegetius: Epitome of Military Science, tr. N. Milner. 2nd edn. Liverpool, 1996

Velleius Paterculus, Compendium of Roman History, ed. & tr. F. Shipley. Cambridge, Mass., 1924

Vergil, Aeneid, ed. & tr. H. Rushton Fairclough. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1916–18

Vitruvius, On Architecture, ed. & tr. F. Granger. 2 vols. Cambridge, Mass., 1931–4

Zonaras, Epitome of History, ed. L. Dindorf. Leipzig, 1868–75; tr. T. Banchich & E. Lane. London, 2009

MODERN STUDIES

Abulafia, D. 2005 ‘Mediterraneans’, in Harris (ed.) 2005, 64–93

Acquaro, E. 1983–4 ‘Su i “ritratti barcidi” delle monete puniche’, Ritratti storici dell’antichità, 13–14: 83–6

——1984 Arte e cultura punica in Sardegna. Sassari

——1988 Gli insediamenti fenici e punici in Italia. Rome

——1989 ‘Les émissions du “soulèvement libyen”: types, ethnies et rôles politiques’, in Devijver & Lipiński (eds.) 1989, 137–44

Acquaro, E., Manfredi, L., & Cutroni Tusa, A. 1991 Le monete puniche in Italia. Rome

Acquaro, E., et al. (eds.) 1969 Ricerche puniche ad Antas. Rome

——1991 Atti del II Congresso internazionale di studi fenici e punici: Roma, 9–14 novembre 1987. Rome

Adams, J. 2003 Bilingualism and the Latin Language. Cambridge

Adcock, F. 1946 ‘Delenda est Carthago’, Cambridge Historical Journal, 8: 117–28

Africa, W. 1970 ‘The One-Eyed Man against Rome: An Exercise in Euhemerism’, Historia, 19: 528–38

Alexandropoulos, J. 1992 ‘Contributions à la définition des domaines monétaires numides et maurétaniens’, in Hackens & Moucharte (eds.) 1992, 133–48

Amadasi Guzzo, M. 1969 ‘Note sul dio Sid’, in Acquaro et al. (eds.) 1969, 95–104

——1988 ‘Dédicaces de femmes à Carthage’, in Lipiński (ed.) 1988, 143–9

——1991 ‘“ The Shadow Line”. Reflexions sur l’introduction de l’alphabet en Grèce’, in Baurain, Bonnet & Krings (eds.) 1991, 293–311

——1993 ‘Divinità fenicie a Tas-Silg, Malta, I dati epigrafici’, Journal of Mediterranean Studies, 3: 205–14

——1995 ‘Mondes Étrusque et Italique’, in Krings (ed.) 1995, 663–73

——2005a ‘Cultes et épithètes de Milqart’, Transeuphratène, 30: 9–18

——2005b ‘Melqart nelle iscrizioni fenicie d’occidente’, in Bernardini & Zucca (eds.) 2005, 45–52

Ameling, W. 1993 Karthago. Studien zu Militär, Staat und Gesellschaft. Munich

Anello, P. 1986 ‘Il trattato del 405/4 a.C. e la formazione della “eparchia” punica di Sicilia’, Kokalos, 32: 115–79

Arnott, W. 1996 Alexis: The Fragments: A Commentary. Cambridge

Asheri, D. 1988 ‘Carthaginians and Greeks’, in J. Boardman et al. (eds.) 1988 The Cambridge Ancient History, vol. 4: Persia, Greece and the Western Mediterranean c.525 to 479 B.C. Cambridge. 738–80

Astin, A. 1967 Scipio Aemilianus. Oxford

——1978 Cato the Censor. Oxford

Aubet, M. 2001 The Phoenicians and the West: Politics, Colonies and Trade. 2nd edn, tr. M. Turton. Cambridge

——2002a ‘Notes on the Economy of the Phoenician Settlements in Southern Spain’, in Bierling & Gitin 2002, 79–98

——2002b ‘The Phoenician Impact on Tartessos: Spheres of Interaction’, in Bierling & Gitin 2002, 225–40

——2006 ‘On the Organization of the Phoenician Colonial System in Iberia’, in Riva & Vella 2006, 94–109

Badian, E. 1958 Foreign Clientelae (264–70 B.C.). Oxford

Bagnall, N. 1999 The Punic Wars: Rome, Carthage and the Struggle for the Mediterranean. London

Baldus, H. 1982 ‘Unerkannte Reflexe der römischen Nordafrika-Expedition von 256/5 v. Chr. in der karthagischen Münzprägung’, Chiron, 12: 163ff.

——1988 ‘Zwei Deutungsvorschläge zur punischen Goldprägung im mittleren 3. Jh. v. Chr’, Chiron, 18: 181–8

Balmuth, M., & Tykot, R. (eds.) 1998 Sardinian and Aegean Chronology: Towards the Resolution of Relative and Absolute Dating in the Mediterranean . Oxford

Barceló, P. 1988 Karthago und die Iberische Halbinsel vor den Barkiden. Bonn

——1991 ‘Mercenarios hispanos en los ejércitos cartagineses en Sicilia’, in Acquaro et al. (eds.) 1991, 21–6

Barnett, R., & Mendleson, C. (eds.) 1987 Tharros: A Catalogue of Material in the British Museum from Phoenician and other Tombs at Tharros, Sardinia. London

Baronowski, D. 1995 ‘Polybius on the Causes of the Third Punic War’, CP, 90, 1: 16–31

Barr, J. 1974 ‘Philo of Bylos and his “Phoenician History”’ , Bulletin of the John Rylands University Library, 57: 17–68

Barré, M. 1983 The God List in the Treaty between Hannibal and Philip V of Macedonia: A Study in Light of the Ancient Near Eastern Treaty Tradition . Baltimore

Barreca, F. 1969 ‘Lo scavi del tempio’, in Acquaro et al. (eds.) 1969, 9–46

——1979 La Sardegna fenicia e punica. Sassari

——1985 ‘Il giuramento di Annibale. Considerazioni storico-religiose’, in G. Sotgiu (ed.) 1985 Studi in onore di Giovanni Lilliu per il suo settantesimo compleanno. Cagliari. 72–81

——1986 La civiltà fenicia-punica in Sardegna. Sassari

——1987 ‘The City and the Site of Tharros’, in Barnett & Mendleson (eds.) 1987. 25–6

Barruol, G. 1976 ‘La résistance des substrats préromains en Gaule méridionale’, in Editura academiei Române Les Belles Lettres. Bucharest. 389–405

Bartoloni, P., et al. (eds.) 1983 Atti del I Congresso internazionale di studi fenici e punici: Roma, 5–10 novembre 1979. 3 vols. Rome

Basch, L. 1969 ‘Phoenician Oared Ships’, Mariner’s Mirror, 55: 139–62, 227–45

——1977 ‘Trières grecques, phéniciennes et égyptiennes’, JHS, 97: 1–10

——1980 ‘Outriggers and Galleys’, Mariner’s Mirror, 66, 4: 359–66

Baslez, M. F., & Briquel Chatonnet, F. 1991 ‘De l’oral à l’écrit: le bilinguilisme des Phéniciens en Grèce’, in Baurain, Bonnet & Krings (eds.) 1991, 371–386

Batty, R. 2000 ‘Mela’s Phoenician Geography’, JRS, 90: 70–94

Baurain, C. 1988 ‘Le Rôle de Chypre dans la fondation de Carthage’, in Lipiński (ed.) 1988, 15–28

Baurain, C., Bonnet, C., & Krings, V. (eds.) 1991 Phoinikeia Grammata: Lire et écrire en Mediterranean. Leuven

Bayet, J. 1926 Les origines de l’Hercule romain. Paris

Bearzot, C. 2002 ‘Filisto di Siracusa’, in Vattuone (ed.) 2002, 91–136

Bechtold, B. 2007 ‘Nuovi dati basati sulla distribuzione di ceramiche campane e nordafricane/cartaginesi’, BaBesch, 82, 1: 51–76

——2008 Observations on the Amphora Repertoire of Middle Punic Carthage. Ghent

Bellen, H. 1985 Metus Gallicus, metus Punicus. Zum Furchtmotiv in der römischen Republik. Mainz

Bello Jiménez, V. 2005 Allende las columnas: la presencia cartaginesa en el Atlántico entre los siglos VI y III a.C. Las Palmas

Benichou-Safar, H. 1982 Les tombes puniques de Carthage: topographie, structures, inscriptions et rites funéraires. Paris

——2004 Le tophet de Salammbô à Carthage: essai de reconstitution. Rome

Bernal, M. 1987 Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, vol. 1. Piscataway

——1990 Cadmean Letters: The Transmission of the Alphabet to the Aegean and Further West before 1400 B.C. Grand Rapids

Bernardini, P. 1993 ‘La Sardegna e i fenici. Appunti sulla colonizzazione’, Rivista di studi fenici, 21: 29–81 ——2005 ‘Melqart di Sardò’, in Bernardini & Zucca (eds.) 2005, 125–43

Bernardini, P., & Zucca, R. (eds.) 2005 Il Mediterraneo di Herakles. Studi e ricerche. Rome

Berthier, A., & Charlier, R. 1952–5 Le Sanctuaire punique d’El Hofra à Constantine. 2 vols. Paris

Bickerman, E. 1944 ‘An Oath of Hannibal’, Transactions of the American Philological Association, 75: 87–102; repr. in Bickerman 1985, 257–72

——1952a ‘Origines gentium’, CP, 47: 65–81, 375–97

——1952b ‘Hannibal’s Covenant’, AJP, 73: 1–23

——1985 Religions and Politics in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods. Como

Bierling, M., & Gitin, S. (eds.) 2002 The Phoenicians in Spain: An Archaeological Review of the Eighth–Sixth Centuries B.C.E. Winona Lake

Bikai, P. 1978 The Pottery of Tyre. Warminster

Birley, A. 1988 Septimius Severus: The African Emperor. 2nd edn. London

Bisi, A. M. 1988 ‘Chypre et les premiers temps de Carthage’, in Lipiński (ed.) 1988, 29–42

——1991 ‘Les plus anciens objets inscrits en phénicien et en araméen retrouvées en Grèce: le typologie et leur rôle’, in Baurain, Bonnet & Krings (eds.) 1991, 277–82

Blázquez Martinez, J. 1976 ‘Consideraciones historicas en torno a los supuestos retratos bárquidas en las monedas cartaginesas’, Numismatica, 26: 138–43

Blázquez Martinez, J., & García-Gelabert Pérez, G. 1991 ‘Los Bàrquidas en la Peninsula Iberica’, in Acquaro et al. (eds.) 1991, 27–50

Bloch, R. 1975 ‘Hannibal et les dieux de Rome’, Comptes rendus de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, 119: 14–25

——1983 ‘L’alliance étrusco-punique de Pyrgi et la politique religieuse de la république romaine à l’égard de l’Etrurie et de Carthage’, in Bartoloni et al. (eds.) 1983, 2: 397–400

Blomqvist, J. 1979 The Date and Origin of the Greek Version of Hanno’s Periplus. Lund

Boardman, J. 1980, The Greeks Overseas. 3rd edn. London

——2002 ‘Al Mina: The Study of a Site’, AWE, 1, 2: 315–33

——2004 ‘Copies of Pottery: By and For Whom?’, in Lomas (ed.) 2004, 149–62

——2005 ‘Al Mina: Notes and Queries’, AWE, 4, 2: 278–91

——2006 ‘Early Euboean Settlements in the Carthage Area’, OJA, 25, 2: 195–200

Bondì, S. F. 1995a ‘Les Institutions, l’organisation politique et administrative’, in Krings (ed.) 1995, 290–302

——1995b ‘La Société’, in Krings (ed.) 1995, 345–53

——1999 ‘Carthage, Italy and the Vth Century Problem’, in Pisano (ed.) 1999, 39–48

Bonnet, C. 1986 ‘Le culte de Melqart à Carthage. Un cas de conservatisme religieux’, in Bonnet, Lipiński & Marchetti (eds.) 1986, 209–22

——1988 Melqart: cultes et mythes de l’Héraclès tyrien en Méditerranée. Leuven

——2005 ‘Melqart in occidente: percorsi di appropriazione e di culturazione’, in Bernardini & Zucca (eds.) 2005, 17–28

Bonnet, C., Lipiński, E., & Marchetti, P. (eds.) 1986 Religio Phoenicia. Namur

Bonzani, R. M. 1992 ‘Territorial Boundaries, Buffer Zones and Sociopolitical Complexity: A Case Study of the Nuraghi on Sardinia’, in Tykot & Andrews (eds.) 1992, 210–20

Bordreuil, P., & Ferjaoui, A. 1988 ‘A propos des “fils de Tyr” et des “fils de Carthage”’ , in Lipiński (ed.) 1988, 137–42

Bradley, G. 2005 ‘The Cult of Hercules in Central Italy’, in Rawlings & Bowden (eds.) 2005, 129–51

Braun, T. 2004 ‘Hecataeus’ Knowledge of the Western Mediterranean’, in Lomas (ed.) 2004, 287–347

Brecht, B. 1951 Letter eventually published in Offener Brief an die deutschen Künstler und Schriftsteller. Frankfurt, 1997

Breglia Pulci Doria, L. 2005 ‘La Sardegna arcaica e la presenza greca: nuove riflessioni sulla tradizione letteraria’, in Bernardini & Zucca (eds.) 2005, 61–86

Briese, C., & Docter, R. 1992 ‘Der phönizische Skyphos: Adaption einer griechischen Trinkschale’, Madrider Mitteilungen, 33: 25–69

Briquel, D. 2000 ‘La propagande d’Hannibal au début de la deuxième guerre punique: remarques sur les fragments de Silènos de Kalèaktè’, in Actas del IV Congreso Internacional de Estudios Fenicios y Púnicos, Cádiz, 2 al 6 de octubre de 1995, vol. 1. Cadiz. 123–7

——2003 ‘Hannibal sur les pas d’Herakles: le voyage mythologique et son utilisation dans l’histoire’, in H. Duchene (ed.) 2003 Voyageurs et antiquité classique. Dijon. 51–60

——2004 ‘Sur un fragment de Silènos de Kalèactè (le songe d’Hannibal, F Gr Hist 175, F 8). À propos d’un article récent’, Ktêma, 29: 145–57

Brixhe, C. 1991 ‘De la phonologie à l’écriture: quelques aspects de l’adaptation de l’alphabet cananéen au grec’, in Baurain, Bonnet & Krings (eds.) 1991, 313–56

Brizzi, G. 1983 ‘Ancora su Annibale e l’Ellenismo: la fondazione di Artaxata l’iscrizione di Era Lacinia’, in Bartoloni et al. (eds.) 1983, 1: 243–51

——1984a Annibale, strategia e immagine. Perugia. 1984

——1984b Studi di storia annibalica. Faenza

——1991 ‘Gli studi annibalici’, in Acquaro et al. (eds.) 1991, 59–65

——1995 ‘L’Armée et la guerre’, in Krings (ed.) 1995, 303–15

——2000 Annibale. Rome

Broughton, T. 1951–6 The Magistrates of the Roman Republic. 2 vols. New York

Brunt, P. 1971 Italian Manpower 225 BC–AD 14. Oxford

Bunnens, G. 1979 L’expansion phénicienne en Méditerranée. Brussels

——1986 ‘Aspects religieux de l’expansion phénicienne’, in Bonnet, Lipiński & Marchetti (eds.) 1986, 119–25

Burkert, W. 1992 The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early Archaic Age, tr. M. Pinder & W. Burkert. Cambridge, Mass.

Byron, George Gordon, Lord 1988 Don Juan, ed. T. Steffan. London

Camps, G. 1979 ‘Les Numides et la civilisation punique’, Antiquités Africaines, 14: 43–53

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