BIBLIOGRAPHY

Editions

Aeschylus, Persians.

Sommerstein, A. H. 2009. Aeschylus. Loeb Classical Library. 3 vols. London: William Heinemann.

Anon, Ninus Romance.

Stephens, S. A. and J. J. Winckler 1995. Ancient Greek Novels: The Fragments. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Arrian, Anabasis of Alexander.

Brunt, P. A. and E. I. Robson 1976–83. Arrian, Anabasis of Alexander. Loeb Classical Library. 2 vols. London: William Heinemann.

Athenaeus of Nacrautis, Deipnosophistae.

Gulick, C. B. 1927–41. Athenaeus, The Deipnosophists. Loeb Classical Library. 7 vols. London: William Heinemann.

Athenagoras, Plea for the Christians.

Pratten, B. P. 1867. AthenagorasPlea for the Christians. In A. Roberts and J. Donaldson (eds), Anti-Nicene Christian Library. Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark. Vol. 3, pp. 375–421.

Augustine, City of God.

McCracken, G. E., W. M. Green, D. S. Wiesen, P. Levine, E. M. Sanford and W. C. Greene 1957–72. Saint Augustine, The City of God Against the Pagans. Loeb Classical Library. 7 vols. London: William Heinemann.

The Babylonian Talmud.

Goldwurm, H., Y. S. Schorr and C. Malinowitz 1980–2008. Talmud Bavli. The Schottenstein Version of the Babylonian Talmud. 73 vols. New York: Mesorah Publications/Artscroll.

Benjamin of Tudela, Itinerary

Signer, M. A. (ed.) 1983. The Itinerary of Rabbi Benjamin of Tudela. Malibu: Joseph Simon/Pangloss Press.

The Bible.

All translations of biblical passages are quoted from the New International Version (NIV).

al-Biruni, Al-Athar al-Bakiya.

Sachau, C. E. 1879. The Chronology of Ancient Nations. An English Version of the Arabic Text of the Athâr ul-Bâkiya of Albîrûnî, or Vestiges of the Past Collected and Reduced to Writing by the Author in AH 390–1, AD 1000. London: W. H. Allen.

Blake, William, The Everlasting Gospel, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell and Milton.

Johnson, M. L. and J. E. Grant (eds) 1979. Blake’s Designs and Poetry. New York and London: Norton.

Byron, George Gordon, To Belshazzar, Hebrew Melodies, Sardanapalus and Don Juan

McGann, J. J. (ed.) 1980–93. Lord Byron: The Complete Poetical Works. 7 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Ctesias, Persica.

Llewellyn-Jones, L. and J. Robson (eds) 2010. Ctesias’ History of Persia: Tales of the Orient. London and New York: Routledge.

(See also Diodorus Siculus).

Dante, The Divine Comedy.

Dale, P. 1996. The Divine Comedy. London: Anvil.

Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheke Historica.

(1) Oldfather, C. H., C. L. Sherman, C. B. Welles, R. M. Geer and F. R. Walton 1933–67. Diodorus Siculus, Library of History. Loeb Classical Library. 12 vols. London: William Heinemann.

(2) Murphy, E. 1989. The Antiquities of Asia: A Translation with Notes of Book II of the Library of History of Diodorus Siculus. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Eusebius, Praeparatorio Evangelica.

Gifford, E. H. 1903. Eusebius of Caesarea, Praeparatio Evangelica (Preparation for the Gospel). 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Eusebius, Chronicon.

Helm, R. 1956. Eusebius, Werke (2nd edn). Die Griechischen Christlichen Schriftsteller der Ersten Jahrhunderte 47. Berlin: Akademie Verlag. Vol. 7.

Ferdowsi, Abdolqasem, Shahnahmeh.

Davis, D. 2007. Shahnahmeh: The Persian Book of Kings. London: Penguin.

Fernberger, Christoph, Reisetagebuch.

Burger, R. and R. Wallisch 1999. Fernberger, Georg Christoph: Reisetagebuch (1588–?1593) Sinai, Babylon, Indien, Heiliges Land, Osteuropa. Lateinisch-Deutsch. Beiträge zur Neueren Geschichte Österreichs 12. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

FGrHist.

Jacoby, F. 1923–99. Fragmente der griechischen Historiker. Berlin/Leiden: Brill.

Herodotus, Histories.

De Selincourt, A. (trans.) and J. Marincola (ed.) 2003. Herodotus, The Histories. London: Penguin.

Hyginus, Fabulae.

Waiblinger, F. P. 1996. Hyginus, Fabulae/Sagen der Antike. Munich: Deutsche Taschenbuch Verlag.

Iamblichos, Babyloniaca.

Stephens, S. A. and J. J. Winckler 1995. Ancient Greek Novels: The Fragments. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Ibn Daud, Sefer ha-Kaballah.

Cohen, G. D. 1967. A Critical Edition with a Translation and Notes of the Book of Tradition (Sefer ha-Qaballah) by Abraham Ibn Daud. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America.

Ibn Hauqal, Surat al-Ardh.

Kramers, J.-H. and G. Wiet (eds) 1965. Ibn Hawqal, Le Livre de la Configuration de la Terre. Paris: Commission Internationale pour la Traduction des Chefs-d’Œuvre.

Josephus, Jewish Antiquities and Against Apion.

Thackeray, H. St. J., R. Marcus, A. Wikgren and L. H. Feldman 1926–81. Josephus. Loeb Classical Library. 14 vols. London: William Heinemann.

Lucien of Samosata, True Stories and Pseudologista.

Harmon, A. M., K. Kilburn and M. D. MacLeod 1913–67. Lucian. Loeb Classical Library. 8 vols. London: William Heinemann.

Mandeville, Sir John, Travels.

Moseley, C. W. R. D. 1983. The Travels of Sir John Mandeville. London: Penguin.

Marco Polo, Travels.

(1) Masefield, J. 1908. Marco Polo’s Travels. London: J. M. Dent and Sons.

(2) Latham, R. 1958. The Travels of Marco Polo. London: Penguin.

Odoric of Pordenone, Relatio.

Chiesa, P. (ed.) and H. Yule (trans.) 2002. The Travels of Friar Odoric. Grand Rapids. Michigan: William B. Eerdmans.

Orosius, Historiae Adversus Paganos.

Arnauld-Lindet, M. P. 1990–1. Orose: Histoires (Contre les Païens). Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

Ovid, Metamorphoses.

Martin, C. 2004. Ovid, Metamorphoses. New York and London: Norton.

Photius, Bibliotheke.

Henry, R. 1959–71. Photius, Bibliothèque. Texte établi et traduit. 6 vols. Paris: Société d’Édition “Les belles lettres”.

Pliny the Elder, Natural History.

Rackham, H., W. H. S. Jones, A. C. Andrews and D. E. Eichholz 1938–62. Pliny, Natural History. Loeb Classical Library. 10 vols. London: William Heinemann.

Plutarch, Life of Alexander and Erotikos

Perrin, B., F. C. Babbitt, H. N. Fowler, W. C. Helmbold, H. Cherniss, P. H. De Lacy, B. Einarson, E. L. Minar Jr, F. H. Sandbach, L. Pearson, P. A. Clement, H. B. Hoffleit and E. N. O'Neil 1914–2004. Plutarch. Loeb Classical Library. 28 vols. London: William Heinemann.

Quintus Curtius Rufus, History of Alexander.

Rolfe, J. E. 1946. Quintus Curtius, History of Alexander. Loeb Classical Library. 2 vols. London: William Heinemann.

The Quran.

N. J. Dawood (ed.) 1990. The Koran, with Parallel Arabic Text (5th edn). London: Penguin.

Schiltberger, Johann, Bondage and Travels.

Telfer, J. B. 1879. The Bondage and Travels of Johann Schiltberger, a Native of Bavaria, in Europe, Asia and Africa, 1396–1427. London: Printed for the Hakluyt Society.

Souda.

Adler, A. (ed.) 1928–38. Souda/Suias. 5 vols. Leipzig: B. G. Teubner.

Strabo, Geography.

Jones, H. L. 1961. The Geography of Strabo. Loeb Classical Library. 8 vols. London: William Heinemann.

Tacitus, Germania.

Hutton, M., W. Peterson, C. H. Moore and J. Jackson 1914–37. Tacitus. Loeb Classical Library. 5 vols. London: William Heinemann.

Virgil, Aeneid.

Fairclough, H. R. 1916–18. Virgil. Loeb Classical Library. 2 vols. London: William Heinemann.

Xenophon, Cyropaedia.

Miller, W. 1914. Xenophon, Cyropaedia. Loeb Classical Library. 2 vols. London: William Heinemann.

References

Note: The catalogues of the three Babylon exhibitions held (2008–9) in Paris, Berlin and London are made up of many chapters and shorter entries and are frequently cited. References to these are therefore presented in the form ‘Author in…’ rather than as individual bibliographic entries. The catalogues themselves are as follows:

Babylone.

André Salvini, B. (ed.) 2008. Babylone. Paris: Hazan/Musée du Louvre Editions.

Babylon: Myth and Reality.

Finkel, I. L. and M. J. Seymour (eds) 2008. Babylon: Myth and Reality. London: British Museum Press. (Also published 2009 as Babylon. New York: Oxford University Press.)

Babylon: Mythos.

Wullen, M., Schauerte, G. and Strzoda, H. (eds) 2008. Babylon: Mythos. Berlin: Hirmer/Staatliche Museen zu Berlin.

Babylon: Wahrheit.

J. Marzahn, G. Schauerte, B. Müller-Neuhof and K. Sternitzke (eds) 2008. Babylon: Wahrheit. Berlin: Hirmer/Staatliche Museen zu Berlin.

Abdi, K. 2008. ‘From Pan-Arabism to Saddam Hussein’s cult of personality: Ancient Mesopotamia and Iraqi national ideology.’ Journal of Social Archaeology 8 (1): 3–36.

Abdullah, T. A. J. 2003. A Short History of Iraq from 636 to the Present. London: Pearson Education.

Adams, R. McC. 1966. The Evolution of Urban Society. Chicago: Aldine.

———. 1970. ‘The study of Ancient Mesopotamian settlement patterns and the problem of urban origins.’ Sumer 25: 111–123.

———. 1981. Heartland of Cities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Adelson, R. 1995. London and the Invention of the Middle East: Money, Power, and War, 1902–1922. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Adler, M. N. (ed.) 1907. The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela: Critical Text, Translation and Commentary. New York: Philipp Feldheim, Inc.

Andrae, W. 1902. ‘Die glasierten Ziegel von der Südburg des Kasr.’ Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 13: 1–12.

———. 1922. Die archaischen Ischtar-Tempel in Assur. Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft 39. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs.

———. 1927a. ‘Der Rückerwerb der Assur Funde aus Portugal.’ Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 65: 1–6.

———. 1927b. ‘Reise nach Babylon zur Teilung der Babylon Funde.’ Mitteilungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft zu Berlin 65: 7–27.

———. 1930. ‘Das Vorderasiatisches Museum.’ Berliner Museen 51: 108–113.

———. 1952. Babylon. Die versunkene Weltstadt und ihr Ausgräber Robert Koldewey. Berlin: de Gruyter & Co.

———. 1961. Lebenserinnerungen eines Ausgräbers. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Andrae, E. W. and R. M. Boehmer 1989. Bilder eines Ausgräbers/Sketches by an Excavator: Walter Andrae im Orient 1898–1919. Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag.

André-Salvini, B. 2003. Le Code de Hammurabi. Paris: Éditions de la Réunion des Musées Nationaux.

Anger, K. 1975. Hollywood Babylon. New York: Dell Publishing.

Anthony, D. W. 1995. ‘Nazi and eco-feminist prehistories: ideology and empiricism in Indo-European archaeology.’ In P. L. Kohl and C. Fawcett (eds), Nationalism, Politics and the Practice of Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 82–96.

Arieti, J. 1995. Discourses on the First Book of Herodotus. Lanham, Maryland: Littlefield Adams Books.

Arnaud-Lindet, M. P. (ed.) 1990–1. Orose: Histoires (Contre les Païens). Paris: Les Belles Lettres.

Arnold, B. and H. Hassmann, 1995. ‘Archaeology in Nazi Germany: The legacy of the Faustian bargain.’ In P. L. Kohl and C. Fawcett (eds), Nationalism, Politics and the Practice of Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 70–81.

Arnold, W. T. and D. B. Weisberg 2002. ‘A Centennial Review of Friedrich Delitzsch’s “Babel und Bibel” Lectures.’ Journal of Biblical Literature 121 (3): 441–57.

Aruz, J., K. Benzel and J. Evans (eds) 2008. Beyond Babylon: Art, Trade, and Diplomacy in the Second Millennium B.C. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art / Distributed by Yale University Press.

Aruz, J., Y. Rakic and S. Graff (eds) 2013. Cultures in Contact: From Mesopotamia to the Mediterranean in the Second Millennium B.C. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art / Distributed by Yale University Press.

Asher, A. (ed.) 1840–1. The Itinerary of Rabbi Banjamin of Tudela. 2 vols. New York: Hakesheth Publishing Co.

Atkinson, J. E. 1994. A Commentary on Q. Curtius Rufus’ Historiae Alexandri Magni, Books 5–7.2. Amsterdam: Hakkert.

Audi, R. 1998. Epistemology: A Contemporary Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge. London and New York: Routledge.

Auerbach, E. 1952. ‘Typological Symbolism in Medieval Literature.’ Yale French Studies 9: 3–10.

Avis, P. 1986. Foundations of Modern Historical Thought: From Macchiavelli to Vico. London: Croom Helm.

Bacon, E. (ed.) 1976. The Great Archaeologists and Their Discoveries as Originally Reported in the Pages of the Illustrated London News from 1842 to the Present Day. London: Book Club Associates.

Bacon, F. 1996 (1605). ‘The Advancement of Learning.’ In J. Appleby, E. Covington, D. Hoyt, M. Latham, and A. Sneider (eds), Knowledge and Postmodernism in Historical Perspective. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 31–40.

Bahrani, Z. 1998. ‘Conjuring Mesopotamia: imaginative geography and a world past.’ In Meskell, L. (ed.), Archaeology Under Fire: Nationalism, Politics and Heritage in the Eastern Mediterranean and Middle East. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 159–174.

———. 2001. Women of Babylon: Gender and Representation in Mesopotamia. London and New York: Routledge.

———. 2003. The Graven Image: Representation in Babylonia and Assyria. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Bahrani, Z., Z. Çelik and E. Eldem (eds) 2011. Scramble for the Past: A Story of Archaeology in the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul: SALT/Garanti Kültür A. Ş.

Baram, A. 1991. Culture, History and Ideology in the Formation of Ba‘thist Iraq, 1969–89. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

———. 1994. ‘A case of imported identity: the modernizing secular ruling elites of Iraq and the concept of Mesopotamian-inspired territorial nationalism, 1922–1992.’ Poetics Today 15 (2): 279–319.

Barnett, R. D. 1976. Sculptures from the North Palace of Ashurbanipal at Nineveh (668–627 BC). London: British Museum Publications.

———. 1978. ‘Lady Layard’s jewelry.’ In P. R. S. Moorey and P. J. Parr (eds), Archaeology in the Levant: Essays for Kathleen Kenyon. Warminster: Aris and Phillips. pp. 172–9.

———. 1982. ‘Urartu.’ In J. Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, N. G. L. Hammond and E. Sollberger (eds), The Cambridge Ancient History (2nd edn). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Vol. 3, pt. 1, pp. 314–71.

Baron, S. W. 1972. Ancient and Medieval Jewish History. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Bartky, E. 2002. ‘Aristotle and the Politics of Herodotus’s History.’ The Review of Politics 64 (3): 445–468.

Bartrum, G. 1999. Catalogue entries on ‘Matthias Gerung (c. 1500–70), The Destruction of Babylon and The Destruction of the Catholic Church.’ In F. Carey (ed.), The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come. London: British Museum Press. pp. 164, 165.

Beauchamp, J. 1790–1800. Mémoire sur la Carte de la Mésopotamie. Unpublished manuscript, British Library Add. MS. 15,331.2.

Beaulieu, P.-A. 1993. ‘An episode in the fall of Babylon to the Persians.’ Journal of Near Eastern Studies 52 (4): 241–261.

Bernhardsson, M. T. 2005. Reclaiming a Plundered Past: Archaeology and Nation Building in Modern Iraq. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Bidmead, J. 2002. The Akītu Festival: Religious Continuity and Royal Legitimation in Mesopotamia. Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press.

Bilsel, C. 2012. Antiquity on Display: Regimes of the Authentic in Berlin’s Pergamon Museum. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bittner, R. 1999. ‘Augustine’s philosophy of history.’ In G. B. Matthews (ed.), The Augustinian Tradition. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 345–60.

Black, E. 2004. Banking on Baghdad: Inside Iraq’s 7,000-Year History of War, Profit, and Conflict. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Blake, W. 1979 (1790). ‘The marriage of heaven and hell.’ In M. L. Johnson and J. E. Grant (eds), Blake’s Poetry and Designs. London: Norton. pp. 88–102.

———. 1979 (1804). ‘Milton.’ In M. L. Johnson and J. E. Grant (eds), Blake’s Poetry and Designs. London: Norton. pp. 237–306.

Bloomfield, M. W. 1958. ‘Symbolism in medieval literature.’ Modern Philology 56 (2): 73–81.

Blunt, A. 1943. ‘Blake’s pictorial imagination.’ Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 6: 190–212.

Blunt, W. J. W. 1953. Pietro’s Pilgrimage: A Journey to India and Back at the Beginning of the Seventeenth Century. London: James Barrie.

Bogdanos, M. 2005. ‘The casualties of war: the truth about the Iraq Museum.’ American Journal of Archaeology 109: 477–526.

———. 2008. ‘Thieves of Baghdad.’ In P. J. Stone and J. Farchakh-Bajjaly (eds), The Destruction of Cultural Heritage in Iraq. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. pp. 109–34.

Bohrer, F. N. 1989. ‘Assyria as art: a perspective on the early reception of ancient Near Eastern artefacts.’ Culture and History 4: 7–33.

———. 1992. ‘The printed Orient: the production of A. H. Layard?s earliest works.’ Culture and History 11: 85–105.

———. 1998. ‘Inventing Assyria: exoticism and reception in nineteenth-century England and France.’ Art Bulletin (June): 336–56.

———. 2003. Orientalism and Visual Culture: Imagining Mesopotamia in Nineteenth-Century Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Boiy, T. 2004. Late Achaemenid and Hellenistic Babylon. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 136. Leuven, Paris and Dudley, MA: Peeters and Department Oosterse Studies, Leuven.

Bomford, D., J. Kirby, A. Roy, A. Rüger and R. White 2006. Art in the Making: Rembrandt. London: National Gallery.

Bonwit, M. 1950. ‘Babel in modern fiction.’ Comparative Literature 2 (3): 236–47.

Borger, R. 1956. Die Inschriften Asarhaddons, Königs von Assyrien. Archiv für Orientforschung, Beiheft 9. Graz.

———. 1980–3. ‘Lassen, Christian.’ In D. O. Edzard (ed.), Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie. Band 6. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 507.

Borges, J. L. 2000 (1964). Labyrinths. London: Penguin.

Bosworth, A. B. 1971. ‘The death of Alexander the Great.’ The Classical Quarterly (new series) 21 (1): 112–36.

———. 1988. Conquest and Empire: The Reign of Alexander the Great. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

———. 1995. A Historical Commentary on Arrian’s History of Alexander. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Vol. 2.

Botta, P.-É. 1849–50. Monuments de Ninive. Découvert et décrit par M. P.-E. Botta. Mesuré et dessiné par M. E. Flandin. Ouvrage publié par ordre du Governement sous les auspices de M. le Ministre de l’Intérieur et sous la Direction d’une Commission de l’Institut. 5 vols. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale.

Bourke, V. J. 1995. ‘The City of God and history.’ In D. F. Donnelly (ed.), The City of God: A Collection of Critical Essays. New York: Peter Lang. pp. 291–304.

Bowerstock, G. W. 1994. Fiction as History: Nero to Julian. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Breucker, G. de 2011. ‘Berossus Between Tradition and Innovation.’ In K. Radner and E. Robson (eds), The Oxford Handbook of Cuneiform Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Briant, P. 2005. ‘History of the Persian Empire 550–330 BC.’ In J. E. Curtis and N. Tallis (eds), Forgotten Empire: The World of Ancient Persia. London: British Museum Press. pp. 12–17.

———. 2006. From Cyrus to Alexander: History of the Persian Empire. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.

Brinkman, J. A. 1964. ‘Merodach-Baladan.’ In R. D. Biggs and J. A. Brinkman (eds), Studies Presented to A. Leo Oppenheim, June 7, 1964. Chicago: Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago.

———. 1973. ‘Sennacherib’s Babylonian Problem: An Interpretation.’ Journal of Cuneiform Studies 25 (2): 89–95.

———. 1974. ‘The monarchy in the time of the Kassite dynasty.’ In P. Garelli (ed.), Le Palais et la Royauté. Proceedings of the XIXème Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, 1971. Paris: Paul Geuthner. pp. 395–408.

———. 1983. ‘Through a glass darkly: Esarhaddon’s retrospects on the downfall of Babylon.’ Journal of the American Oriental Society 103: 35–42.

———. 1984. Prelude to Empire: Babylonian Society and Politics, 747–626 BC. Occasional Publications of the Babylonian Fund 7. Philadelphia: Babylonian Fund, Pennsylvania University Museum.

Brown, P. 2000. Augustine of Hippo: A Biography (3rd edn). London: Faber and Faber.

Brumble, H. D. 1998. Classical Myths and Legends in the Middle Ages and Renaissance: A Dictionary of Allegorical Meanings. London: Fitzroy Dearborn.

Bruun, P. 1879. ‘Notes on the bondage and travels of Johann Schiltberger.’ In J. B. Telfer (ed.), The Bondage and Travels of Johann Schiltberger, a Native of Bavaria, in Europe, Asia and Africa, 1396–1427. London: Printed for the Hakluyt Society.

Buckingham, J. S. 1827. Travels in Mesopotamia. with Researches on the Ruins of Nineveh, Babylon, and Other Ancient Cities. London: Henry Colburn.

Budge, E. A. W. 1920. By Nile and Tigris: A Narrative of Journeys in Egypt and Mesopotamia on Behalf of the British Museum between the Years 1886 and 1913. London: John Murray.

———. 1925. The Rise and Progress of Assyriology. London: Martin Hopkinson and Co.

Bull, G. (ed.) 1989. The Pilgrim: The Journeys of Pietro Della Valle. London: The Folio Society.

Burns, T. S. 1982. ‘Theories and facts: the early Gothic migrations.’ History in Africa 9: 1–20.

Burstein, S. M. 1978. The ‘Babyloniaca’ of Berossus. Malibu: Undena.

Bush, G. H. W. and B. Scowcroft 2003 (1998). ‘Why we didn’t go to Baghdad.’ In M. L. Sifry and C. Cerf (eds), The Iraq War Reader: History, Documents, Opinions. New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 101–2.

Busst, A. J. L. 1967. ‘The image of the androgyne in the nineteenth century.’ In I. Fletcher (ed.), Romantic Mythologies. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. pp. 1–95.

Butlin, M. 1981. The Paintings and Drawings of William Blake. 2 vols. London and New Haven: Yale University Press.

———. 1990. William Blake, 1757–1827. London: Tate Gallery Publications.

Caldicott, E. and A. Fuchs (eds) 2003. Cultural Memory: Essays on European Literature and History. Oxford: Peter Lang.

Calvino, I. 1974. Invisible Cities. New York: Harcourt Brace Janovich.

Canby, J. V. 2001. The Ur-Nammu Stela. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.

Cannon, G. (ed.) 1970. The Letters of Sir William Jones. 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Carey, F. (ed.) 1999. The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come. London: British Museum Press.

Carruthers, D. (ed.) 1929. The Desert Route to India: Being the Journals of Four Travellers by the Great Desert Caravan Route between Aleppo and Basra 1745–1751. London: Hakluyt Society.

Cartwright, J. 1633. ‘Excerpta ex itinerario Ioannis Cartwright.’ In J. de Laet (ed.), Persia: seu regni Persici status, variaque itinera in atque per Persiam. Antwerp: Elzeviriana, Lugduni Batavorum.

Charles, M. P. 1988. ‘Irrigation in lowland Mesopotamia.’ Bulletin of Sumerian Agriculture 4: 1–39.

Chastel, A. 1984. Le Sac de Rome 1527. Du premier maniérisme à la Contre-Réforme. Paris: Gallimard.

Chatterjee, P. 2004. Iraq, Inc.: A Profitable Occupation. New York: Seven Stories Press.

Chazan, R. 1988. ‘Representation of events in the Middle Ages.’ History and Theory 27 (4): 40–55.

Chevalier, N. 2002. La recherche archéologique française au Moyen-Orient 1842–1947. Paris: Éditions Recherche sur les Civilisations.

Chevannes, B. 1995. ‘Introducing the native religions of Jamaica.’ In B. Chevannes, (ed.), Rastafari and Other African-Caribbean Worldviews. Basingstoke: Macmillan. pp. 1–19.

Chiesa, P. (ed.) 2002. The Travels of Friar Odoric. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans.

Clarke, D. 1973. ‘Archaeology: the loss of innocence.’ Antiquity 47 (185): 6–18.

Clayden, T. 1996. ‘Kurigalzu I and the Restoration of Babylonia.’ Iraq 58: 109–21.

Cogan, M. and H. Tadmor 1981. ‘Ashurbanipal’s conquest of Babylon: the first official report: Prism K.’ Orientalia 50: 229–40.

Cohen, A. and S. E. Kangas (eds) 2010. Assyrian Reliefs from the Palace of Ashurnasirpal II: A Cultural Biography. Hanover, New Hampshire: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College; Hanover and London: University Press of New England.

Cohen, G. D. (ed.) 1967. A Critical Edition with a Translation and Notes of the Book of Tradition (Sefer ha-Qaballah) by Abraham Ibn Daud. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America.

Collins, B. A. and M. H. al-Tai (eds) 1994. Al-Muqaddasi, The Best Divisions for Knowledge of the Regions. A Translation of Ahsan al-Taqasim fi Ma’rifat al-Aqalim. Reading: Centre for Muslim Contribution to Civilization / Garnet.

Collins, J. J. 1998. The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2nd edn). Grand Rapids, Michigan and Cambridge: William B. Eerdmans.

Collon, D. 1995. Catalogue entry on ‘Lady Layard’s Jewellery.’ In J. E. Curtis and J. E. Reade (eds), Art and Empire: Treasures from Assyria in the British Museum. London: British Museum Press. p. 220.

Comission des sciences et ars d’Égypte 1809–18. Description de l’Égypte ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Égypte pendant l’Éxpedition de l’Armée française, publiée par les ordres de Napoleon Bonaparte. 23 vols. Paris: Imprimerie Impériale.

Conrad, J. 1990 (1897). ‘An outpost of progress.’ In C. Watts (ed.), Joseph Conrad: Heart of Darkness and Other Tales. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 1–34.

Considine, J. S. 2003. ‘Babylon, City of.’ In B. L. Marthaler, G. F. L. N.ve, J. Y. Tan, R. E. McCarron and D. J. Obermeyer (eds), New Catholic Encyclopedia (2nd edn). 15 vols. Detroit: Gale. Vol. 2, pp. 3–4.

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