PLATE 1a Part of a representation of a town in a Neolithic wall painting from Çatal Hüyük, Turkey, dated to the early seventh millennium BCE. Approximately 3 m in length. Image reproduced from J. Mellaart, “Excavations at Çatal Hüyük, 1963, Third Preliminary Report,” Anatolian Studies14 (1964): 55 and pl. V. Photograph by James Mellaart, reproduced with permission.
PLATE 1b Redrawing of the entire representation, after the copy by Grace Huxtable. Previously published in J. B. Harley and David Woodward, eds., The History of Cartography, vol. 1, Cartography in Prehistoric, Ancient, and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), 74, fig. 4.19.
PLATE 2 Detail, papyrus with the plan of the tomb of Ramesses IV, Twentieth Dynasty. Museo Egizio, Turin, Italy. Photo credit: Scala/Art Resource, NY.
PLATE 3 Map of the gold mines. Papyrus fragment, Twentieth Dynasty. Museo Egizio, Turin, Italy. Photo credit: Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY.
PLATE 4 The world map (incorporating some revisions in northwestern Europe), drawn according to Ptolemy’s second method, from Claudius Ptolemy, Cosmographia, based on a manuscript edited and with maps by Donnus (Dominus) Nicolaus Germanus (Ulm: Johann Reger, 1486). The Newberry Library, Gift of Edward E. Ayer. Reproduced with permission.
PLATE 5 Pont du Gard. Roman aqueduct (UNESCO World Heritage Site, 1985) on Gardon River. Photo: S. Vannini. Pont du Gard, Nîmes, France. © DeA Picture Library/Art Resource, NY.
PLATE 6 Peutinger map: furthest left of the eleven surviving parchments. Southeastern England appears top left. Southwestern France appears immediately below it, and then further below (extending across the entire segment) the narrow channel for the Mediterranean Sea. ÖNB/Wien, Cod. 324, segm. 1. Reproduced with permission.
PLATE 7 The city of Rome and routes fanning out from it on the Peutinger map. ÖNB/Wien, Cod. 324, segm. 4+5. Reproduced with permission.
PLATE 8 Imperial orbs excavated in Rome and associated with the self-proclaimed tetrarch Maxentius. Photograph by Clementina Panella, reproduced with permission.
PLATE 9 The Dura parchment (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France ms. Supplément grec 1354², V). Insert illustration bound with F. Cumont, “Fragment de bouclier portant une liste d’étapes,” Syria 6, no. 1 (1925): 1–15.