Ada Cohen, The Alexander Mosaic: Stories of Victory and Defeat (Cambridge University Press, 1997)

Andrew Stewart, Faces of Power: Alexander’s Image and Hellenistic Politics (University of California Press, 1993)

Chapter 1: Before Alexander

Pierre Briant, From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire (Eisenbrauns, 2002)

Lindsay Allen, The Persian Empire (British Museum Press, 2005)

Amélie Kuhrt, The Persian Empire: A Corpus of Sources from the Achaemenid Period (Routledge, 2007)

Robin Lane Fox (ed.), Brill’s Companion to Ancient Macedon: Studies in the Archaeology and History of Macedon, 650 BC–300 AD (E.J. Brill, 2011)

Chapter 2: Prince: Alexander in the Macedonian court

Elizabeth Carney, Women and Monarchy in Macedonia (University of Oklahoma Press, 2000)

Robin Lane Fox (ed.), Brill’s Companion to Ancient Macedon: Studies in the Archaeology and History of Macedon, 650 BC–300 AD (E.J. Brill, 2011)

Chapter 3: Warrior: Alexander’s army

Donald W. Engels, Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army (University of California Press, 1978)

Waldemar Heckel, The Marshals of Alexander’s Empire (Routledge, 1992)

Chapter 4: Commander: Alexander and the Greeks

A.J. Heisserer, Alexander the Great and the Greeks: The Epigraphic Evidence (University of Oklahoma Press, 1980)

P.J. Rhodes and R.G. Osborne, Greek Historical Inscriptions, 404–323 BC (Oxford University Press, 2004)

Chapter 5: Pharaoh: Alexander and Egypt

Philip Bosman (ed.), Alexander in Africa (University of South Africa Press, 2014)

Chapter 6: King of the world: Alexander and Persia

Ernst Fredricksmeyer, ‘Alexander the Great and the Kingship of Asia’ in A.B. Bosworth and Elizabeth Baynham (eds), Alexander the Great in Fact and Fiction (Oxford University Press, 2000): 136–66

Hugh Bowden, ‘On Kissing and Making Up: Court Protocol and Historiography in Alexander the Great’s “Experiment with Proskynesis”?’, Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies56/2 (2013): 55–77

Klaus Mann, Alexander: A Novel of Utopia (Brewer and Warren, 1930)

Mary Renault, The Persian Boy (Longman, 1972)

Chapter 7: Traveller: Alexander in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Joseph Naveh and Shaul Shaked, Aramaic Documents from Ancient Bactria from the Khalili Collections (Khalili Collections, 2012)

Frank Holt, Into the Land of Bones: Alexander the Great in Afghanistan (Second edn, University of California Press, 2012)

Steven Pressfield, The Afghan Campaign (Doubleday, 2006)

A.B. Bosworth, Alexander and the East: The Tragedy of Triumph (Oxford University Press, 1998)

Chapter 8: Doomed to die: Alexander in Babylon

Amélie Kuhrt, ‘Alexander and Babylon’, Achaemenid History 5 (1990): 121–30

R.J. van der Speck, ‘Darius III, Alexander the Great and Babylonian Scholarship’, Achaemenid History 13 (2003): 289–346

Chapter 9: After Alexander

Diana Spencer, The Roman Alexander: Reading a Cultural Myth (University of Exeter Press, 2002)

Richard Stoneman, Alexander: A Life in Legend (Yale University Press, 2008)

Claude Mossé, Alexander: Destiny and Myth (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004)

C.A. Hagerman, Britain’s Imperial Muse: The Classics, Imperialism, and the Indian Empire, 1784–1914 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013)

Further reading

Ancient narrative sources

All modern reconstructions of the narrative of Alexander’s life have to start with the ancient accounts, which are available in translation.

Arrian, The Campaigns of Alexander, translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt (Penguin Classics, 1958; revised edn 1971)

Arrian, Alexander the Great: The Anabasis and the Indica, translated by Martin Hammond (Oxford World’s Classics, 2013)

Arrian, The Landmark Arrian: The Campaigns of Alexander, translated by Pamela Mensch (Anchor Books, 2012)

Plutarch, The Age of Alexander, translated by Ian Scott-Kilvert, revised by Timothy Duff (Penguin Classics, 1973; revised edn 2012)

Plutarch, Greek Lives, translated by Robin Waterfield (Oxford World’s Classics, 2008)

Quintus Curtius Rufus, The History of Alexander, translated by John Yardley (Penguin Classics, 1984)

Diodorus Siculus, Books 16.6617, translated by C. Bradford Welles (Loeb Classical Library, 1963)

Justin, Epitome of the Philippic History of Pompeius Trogus. Volume I Books 11–12: Alexander the Great, translated by John Yardley (Oxford University Press, 1994)

Waldemar Heckel and John Yardley, Alexander the Great: Historical Sources in Translation (Wiley-Blackwell, 2004) contains a wide selection of texts from more fragmentary sources.

Modern biographies of Alexander

Biographies of Alexander the Great continue to be published at a rapid rate. Two that have stood the test of time are:

Robin Lane Fox, Alexander the Great (Allen Lane, 1973)

A.B. Bosworth, Conquest and Empire (Cambridge University Press, 1988)

A useful reference work is:

Waldemar Heckel. Who’s Who in the Age of Alexander the Great (Wiley, 2006)

Something of the landscape through which Alexander travelled can be seen in:

Michael Wood, In the Footsteps of Alexander the Great (BBC DVD, 1998)

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